Nwcc Psy1513

100 Questions

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Nwcc Psy1513


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    According to Hebb's rule, the connection between two neurons is strengthened by the 
    • A. 

      Repeated activation of the synapses between these neurons

    • B. 

      Lateralization of the neurons

    • C. 

      Flow of sodium ions from the axons of the two neurons

    • D. 

      Negative after-potential that occurs after the original synapse

  • 2. 
    According to Haier's PET scan research, persons who do well on difficult reasoning tests have brains that 
    • A. 

      Consume the least glucose

    • B. 

      Have the largest corpus callosums.

    • C. 

      Are the easiest to study using EEGs.

    • D. 

      Are the most active and consume the most glucose.

  • 3. 
    According to the research on nicotine, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The "cold turkey" approach to quitting smoking is considered the most effective approach in producing permanent nonsmokers.

    • B. 

      Young children are especially vulnerable to secondhand smoke

    • C. 

      Secondary smoke causes about 3,500 lung cancer deaths and as many as 70,000 heart disease deaths each year in the United States alone.

    • D. 

      Users of smokeless tobacco run a higher risk of oral cancer

  • 4. 
    Addictive drugs do all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Fool brain-reward pathways creating a compulsion to repeat the drug experience

    • B. 

      Cause the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to be released, resulting in intensified feelings of fear and paranoia

    • C. 

      Stimulate a brain region called the nucleus accumbens

    • D. 

      Physically change the brain's reward circuitry, making it harder for the addict to overcome his or her addiction

  • 5. 
    After a lifetime of blindness, a newly-sighted man walks toward what he thinks are toy cars next to the sidewalk. However, as he gets closer the cars seem to grow. This man lacks
    • A. 

      Size constancy

    • B. 

      Shape constancy

    • C. 

      Brightness constancy

    • D. 

      Retinal disparity

  • 6. 
    All of the following are predictors of adolescent drug use EXCEPT for 
    • A. 

      Parental maladjustment

    • B. 

      High self-esteem

    • C. 

      Social nonconformity

    • D. 

      Drug use by peers

  • 7. 
    An industrial-organizational psychologist conducts an experiment to determine whether having control over difficult tasks reduces stress for game designers and finds this explanation to be true. Drawing on the results of similar experiments, this psychologist explains these overall findings by creating a 
    • A. 

      Theory

    • B. 

      Testable observation

    • C. 

      Hypothesis

    • D. 

      Law

  • 8. 
    A person who loses an arm may at first have a phantom arm and hand. Then after many years, the phantom may shrink, until only a hand is felt at the shoulder. This shows that 
    • A. 

      The pain and sensations are now passing directly through the pain gates

    • B. 

      Phantom limb sensations are "sane hallucinations" that can be cognitively suppressed

    • C. 

      The pain and sensations are now passing through the central biasing system

    • D. 

      The brain gradually reorganizes to adjust for the sensory loss

  • 9. 
    A preference for using the right or left hand for most activities is referred to as 
    • A. 

      Hand lateralization

    • B. 

      Brain lateralization

    • C. 

      Preferential dominance

    • D. 

      Handedness

  • 10. 
    As the spinal cord joins the brain, it widens into the 
    • A. 

      Corpus callosum

    • B. 

      Brainstem

    • C. 

      Cerebrum

    • D. 

      Limbic system

  • 11. 
    A visual defect known as astigmatism is the result of 
    • A. 

      One's eyeball being too short

    • B. 

      One's eyeball being too long

    • C. 

      An abnormal distribution of visual receptors in the retina

    • D. 

      A misshapen cornea or lens

  • 12. 
    Closure, nearness, similarity, and continuation are categories of 
    • A. 

      Humanistic subjective perceptions

    • B. 

      Gestalt organizing principles

    • C. 

      Piagetian cognitive styles

    • D. 

      Perceptual integration

  • 13. 
    Concerning temporary sleep deprivation psychosis, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      If you go without sleep for 32 hours, it usually only takes one good night of sleep (8 to 14 hours) to erase the effects

    • B. 

      Going without sleep for even 24 hours can lead to temporary sleep-deprivation psychosis

    • C. 

      Hallucinations and delusions rarely appear before 60 hours of wakefulness

    • D. 

      Temporary sleep-deprivation psychosis involves a temporary loss of contact with reality

  • 14. 
    Conlon and his colleagues conducted an experiment and found that goal-focused individuals lost more weight than did either achievement-focused or no-focus control individuals. These researchers also found that goal-focused individuals were more committed to reaching their goal weights. They interpreted their results as consistent with the findings of other studies on motivation and relevant to the design of health intervention programs. At this point in their research, Conlon and his associates are
    • A. 

      Theory building

    • B. 

      Hypothesis testing

    • C. 

      Operationally defining terms

    • D. 

      Proposing a hypothesis

  • 15. 
    According to your psychology text, which of the following statements is FALSE concerning women and ethnic minorities in the field of psychology?
    • A. 

      By 1906 in America, about one psychologist in 10 was a woman

    • B. 

      By 2000, the percentage of undergraduate and graduate degrees that have been awarded to women has increased to 40 percent

    • C. 

      Margaret Washburn was the first woman to be awarded a Ph.D. in psychology in 1894

    • D. 

      Inez Beverly Prosser, the first African-American female psychologist, was awarded her Ph.D. in 1933

  • 16. 
    A device that detects, amplifies, and records electrical activity in the brain is called 
    • A. 

      Electroencephalography (EEG)

    • B. 

      Electrical stimulation of the brain (ESB)

    • C. 

      Positron emission tomography (PET)

    • D. 

      Functional MRI (fMRI)

  • 17. 
    An artist is sketching a scene. In order to show space, depth, and distance within his drawing, he must use which of the following?
    • A. 

      Pictorial depth cues

    • B. 

      Stereoscopic vision

    • C. 

      Figure-ground organization

    • D. 

      Pictorial convergence cues

  • 18. 
    An individual nerve cell is known as a 
    • A. 

      Neuron

    • B. 

      Neurotransmitter

    • C. 

      Nerve

    • D. 

      Synaptic vesicle

  • 19. 
    Artificial hearing can occur because the cochlear implants directly stimulate the 
    • A. 

      Tympanic membrane

    • B. 

      Auditory ossicles

    • C. 

      Auditory nerve

    • D. 

      Semicircular canals

  • 20. 
    A technique for dealing with insomnia that involves a deliberate attempt to stay awake, which actually leads to producing sleep, is called
    • A. 

      Cataplexy control

    • B. 

      Progressive relaxation

    • C. 

      The paradoxical intention

    • D. 

      Stimulus control

  • 21. 
    A theater reported that their highest beverage sales that year occurred during showings of The Great African Desert. However, we cannot conclude that the film affected beverage consumption because
    • A. 

      The placebo effect was not considered

    • B. 

      There was no control group

    • C. 

      Only a correlation can establish causation

    • D. 

      No correlation was computed

  • 22. 
    Damage to the cerebellum would most likely result in
    • A. 

      Having blind spots in one's vision

    • B. 

      A loss of hearing ability

    • C. 

      A loss of muscular coordination

    • D. 

      Heart stoppage or respiratory failure

  • 23. 
    Depth cues that require only one eye are known as ........ depth cues.
    • A. 

      Unilateral

    • B. 

      Convergent

    • C. 

      Monocular

    • D. 

      Monozygotic

  • 24. 
    Depth cues that require two eyes are known as ......... depth cues.
    • A. 

      Divergent

    • B. 

      Bilateral

    • C. 

      Binocular

    • D. 

      Dizygotic

  • 25. 
    During therapy, Sierra is asked to relax and feel tired, to focus on what the therapist is saying and to accept the suggestions, and to use her imagination. Sierra begins to have mild feelings of floating and even a separation from her body. Sierra is 
    • A. 

      Being hypnotized

    • B. 

      Experiencing sensory deprivation

    • C. 

      Practicing concentrative meditation

    • D. 

      Entering REM sleep

  • 26. 
    Edward Titchener called Wundt's ideas structuralism because he tried to analyze the structure of mental life into
    • A. 

      Basic"elements" or "building blocks"

    • B. 

      Five stages of "psychosexual" development

    • C. 

      Archetypes

    • D. 

      Behavioral principles

  • 27. 
    Extrasensory perception is the purported ability to perceive events in ways that
    • A. 

      Are especially creative meeting both the criteria of uniqueness and utility

    • B. 

      Are difficult to explain by accepted sensory or perceptual principles

    • C. 

      Are free from the discrepancies and distortions of ordinary perception

    • D. 

      Conform to Gestalt principles of perception

  • 28. 
    If you heard only the individual notes of your favorite song played one per hour, you would not recognize it. However, when these notes are played together in the correct order and close in time as a melody, your favorite song is easily recognizable. The importance of being able to hear a melody rather than individual notes illustrates which school of thought in psychology?
    • A. 

      Behaviorism

    • B. 

      Gestalt psychology

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic psychology

    • D. 

      Structuralism

  • 29. 
    In shaping our personalities, Freud stressed the role of 
    • A. 

      Unconscious conflicts

    • B. 

      Conditioned responses

    • C. 

      Rewards and punishments

    • D. 

      Self-actualization

  • 30. 
    Jose has lost his ability to speak following a stroke, although he is still able to understand words spoken to him. Damage was most likely to 
    • A. 

      Broca's area

    • B. 

      The limbic system

    • C. 

      The occipital lobe

    • D. 

      Wernicke's area

  • 31. 
    Meditation techniques that involve widening one's attention to become aware of everything experienced at any given moment are referred to as ........... meditation. 
    • A. 

      Mindfulness

    • B. 

      Inhibition

    • C. 

      Concentrative

    • D. 

      Dissociative

  • 32. 
    Neuroscientists speculate that newborn humans ( and monkeys) are able to imitate others because networks of specific types of neurons are activated when an infant watches someone perform an action with this same network being used to perform that action. These specific types of neurons are called .......... neurons.
    • A. 

      Reflector

    • B. 

      Sensory

    • C. 

      Effector

    • D. 

      Mirror

  • 33. 
    Parents should not try to force a left-handed child to use his or her right hand. To do so may create
    • A. 

      Visual agnosia

    • B. 

      Speech or reading problems

    • C. 

      Allergies or immune-related diseases

    • D. 

      Spatial neglect

  • 34. 
    Psychoactive drugs alter consciousness by
    • A. 

      Raising the metabolic rate within the body

    • B. 

      Changing the blood volume level of various substances within the body

    • C. 

      Deactivating the ganglia within the somatic nervous system

    • D. 

      Directly influencing brain activity

  • 35. 
    Regarding accommodation, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Accommodation is an important depth cue in driving a car or catching a ball

    • B. 

      Accommodation involves the bending of the lens to focus on nearby objects

    • C. 

      Beyond four feet, accommodation has limited value

    • D. 

      Accommodation is a monocular depth cue

  • 36. 
    Regarding altered state of conciseness, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The meanings given to altered states have included signs of madness, spirit possession, and life-enhancing breakthroughs

    • B. 

      Some people seek various altered states of pleasure, while others see altered states of consciousness as pathways to enlightenment

    • C. 

      Cultural conditioning affects what altered states we seek and attain

    • D. 

      Very few cultures or religions recognize and accept alterations of consciousness

  • 37. 
    Regarding autosuggestion, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      When people are hypnotized, autosuggestion would explain why their actions seem to occur without any voluntary intent

    • B. 

      Those theorists who view all hypnosis as self-hypnosis would see the hypnotist's role as that of a facilitator.

    • C. 

      Autosuggestion likely underlies how Ouija boards spell out answers to questions despite no apparent conscious interference

    • D. 

      Hypnosis as a form of auto-suggestion would support the state theory of hypnosis

  • 38. 
    Regarding inattentional blindness, we are more likely not to perceive something when
    • A. 

      We are experiencing subliminal adaptation

    • B. 

      Our attention is broadly focused

    • C. 

      Our attention is narrowly focused

    • D. 

      We are experiencing retinal disparity

  • 39. 
    Regarding perceptual constancies, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Perceptual constancies impose order on the changing and often confusing information coming from the world around us

    • B. 

      On the highway, alcohol intoxication impairs size and shape constancy, adding to the accident rate among drunk drivers

    • C. 

      The energy patterns reaching our senses are constantly changing, even when they occur from the same object

    • D. 

      Perceptual constancies are based solely on prior experience with no aspect of these constancies being innate

  • 40. 
    Regarding placebos, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Placebos have been shown to affect pain, anxiety, depression, alertness, tension, sexual arousal, and cravings for alcohol

    • B. 

      Doctors sometimes prescribe placebos, especially for complaints that seem to have no physical basis

    • C. 

      In a drug study, the participants in the experimental group get the placebo and those in the control group get the real drug

    • D. 

      If a placebo has any effect, it must be based on suggestion, rather than chemistry

  • 41. 
    Regarding psychology and cultural diversity, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The interactionist view of human nature that emphasizes that behavior is related to one's environment is referred to as the evolutionary perspective

    • B. 

      In some large cities, "minority" groups are already the majority

    • C. 

      Currently, over 100 million Americans are African-American, Hispanic, Asian American, Native American, or Pacific Islander

    • D. 

      In the past, psychology was based mostly on the cultures of North America and Europe

  • 42. 
    Regarding the use of brain stimulation research, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Electrical stimulation of the brain (ESB) has been used to instantly call forth euphoria, aggression, or tears in a person

    • B. 

      Electrical stimulation of the brain (ESB) has been used to control a person's actions and personality, like a robot

    • C. 

      Brain research is often based on electrical stimulation, but chemical stimulation is also used at times

    • D. 

      Electrical stimulation of the brain (ESB) has been used to instantly call forth eating, sleeping, or speech in a person

  • 43. 
    The anthropomorphic error would pose the greatest problem for which of the following?
    • A. 

      Freudian psychologist

    • B. 

      Comparative psychologist

    • C. 

      Clinical psychologist

    • D. 

      Humanist

  • 44. 
    The illusory sensation that an arm or leg still exists after it is lost through accident or amputation is known as
    • A. 

      Phantom limb sensation

    • B. 

      Psychosomatic pain

    • C. 

      Amputation psychosis

    • D. 

      The delusional pain effect

  • 45. 
    The most damaging patterns of drug taking are
    • A. 

      Recreational, situational, experimental

    • B. 

      Situational, intensive, compulsive

    • C. 

      Social, experimental, recreational

    • D. 

      Social, situational, intensive

  • 46. 
    The "whole is greater than the sum of its parts" is the slogan of the 
    • A. 

      Gestalt psychologists

    • B. 

      Psychoanalysts

    • C. 

      Structuralists

    • D. 

      Behaviorists

  • 47. 
    The small cup-shaped area in the middle of the retina that contains only cones is the 
    • A. 

      Cornea

    • B. 

      Blind spot

    • C. 

      Lens

    • D. 

      Fovea

  • 48. 
    To aid dark adaptation, airplane cockpits, submarines, and ready rooms for fighter pilots are illuminated with
    • A. 

      Green light

    • B. 

      Black light

    • C. 

      Red light

    • D. 

      Bluish-white zenon lights

  • 49. 
    Using an electrode, an experimenter produces flashes of colored light and simple visual experiences in a patient undergoing brain surgery. Most likely she has activated the .......... lobes.
    • A. 

      Occipital

    • B. 

      Parietal

    • C. 

      Frontal

    • D. 

      Temporal

  • 50. 
    Visual problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism are the result of 
    • A. 

      Irregularities in the visual cortex

    • B. 

      Defective processing of sensory information in the visual cortex

    • C. 

      Physical abnormalities in the structure of the eye

    • D. 

      Nutritional or traumatic damage to the sensory nerves

  • 51. 
    When older babies crawl off tables and beds, it is usually due to the babies' lack of
    • A. 

      Motor coordination

    • B. 

      Peripheral vision

    • C. 

      Depth perception

    • D. 

      Stereoscopic vision

  • 52. 
    When Patricia instructs her students on the various body positions and smooth movements involved in yoga, her students will be activating receptors in their muscles and joints that are part of which sense?
    • A. 

      Gustation

    • B. 

      Olfaction

    • C. 

      Vestibular

    • D. 

      Kinesthetic

  • 53. 
    When you are in a group of people, surrounded by voices, you can choose to focus on the voice of the person yuou are facing or even choose to eavesdrop on conversations around the room.  this is known as
    • A. 

      The "cocktail party effect."

    • B. 

      The sound threshold barrier

    • C. 

      The multi sensory approach

    • D. 

      "mindblindness"

  • 54. 
    • A. 

      Focuses on small details

    • B. 

      Must use non-verbal responses

    • C. 

      Processes information simultaneously

    • D. 

      Explores the overall pattern and general connections.

  • 55. 
    • A. 

      Daily exposure to 60 decibels

    • B. 

      Prolonged exposure to high frequency sounds regardless of their intensity

    • C. 

      Brief exposure to sounds of at least 150 decibels.

    • D. 

      All of these

  • 56. 
    • A. 

      Cerebellum

    • B. 

      Hippocampus

    • C. 

      Thalamus

    • D. 

      Reticular formation

  • 57. 
    • A. 

      PCP

    • B. 

      Cocaine

    • C. 

      GHB

    • D. 

      Opium

  • 58. 
    • A. 

      Wilhelm Wundt and E.B. Titchener

    • B. 

      Max Wertheimer and William James

    • C. 

      B.F. Skinner and John B. Watson

    • D. 

      Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers

  • 59. 
    • A. 

      Primary somatosensory area

    • B. 

      Corpus callosum

    • C. 

      Primary auditory area

    • D. 

      Prefontral area

  • 60. 
    • A. 

      Abraham Maslow

    • B. 

      Max Wertheimer

    • C. 

      John B. Watson

    • D. 

      Wilhelm Wundt

  • 61. 
    • A. 

      Comparative

    • B. 

      Environmental

    • C. 

      Social

    • D. 

      Community

  • 62. 
    • A. 

      Biological biasing theory

    • B. 

      Neurocognition theory

    • C. 

      Activation-synthesis hypothesis

    • D. 

      Dual process hypothesis

  • 63. 
    While meditating, Bernard tires to achieve a total non-judgmental awareness of the world. Bernard is using ______ meditation.
    • A. 

      Mindfulness

    • B. 

      Latent content

    • C. 

      Dissociative

    • D. 

      Concentrative

  • 64. 
    You are running the water for your bath and place your hand under the faucet to "feel" and adjust the temperature of the water.  The temperature of the water registers in which brain area?
    • A. 

      Occipital lobes

    • B. 

      Temporal lobes

    • C. 

      Parietal lobes

    • D. 

      Frontal lobes

  • 65. 
    Derrick has sleep apnea because his brain has stopped sending signals to his diaphragm to maintain breathing while he sleeps.  He has which type of sleep apnea?
    • A. 

      Aphasic sleep apnea syndrome

    • B. 

      Central sleep apnea

    • C. 

      Restrictive pulmonary sleep apnea

    • D. 

      Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome

  • 66. 
    If the electrical charge of the neuron changes to about a minus 50 millivolts, the neuron will reach its
    • A. 

      Negative after-potnetial

    • B. 

      Threshold for firing

    • C. 

      Synaptic potential

    • D. 

      Fusion level for firing

  • 67. 
    If you have a dream in which one character in the dream looks like your teacher, acts like your father, talks like your mother, and is dressed like your employer, this one character is representing all the authority figures in your life and is an example of the dream process known as
    • A. 

      Sublimation

    • B. 

      Displacement

    • C. 

      Secondary elaboration

    • D. 

      Condensation

  • 68. 
    If you look at a cloud, you may discover dozens of ways to organize its contours into fanciful shapes and scenes.  This is an example of 
    • A. 

      Texture gradient

    • B. 

      Ambiguous stimuli

    • C. 

      Aerial perspective

    • D. 

      Visual illusions.

  • 69. 
    Incredible but false stories posted on the Internet, such as "The Health Department in Oregon Looking fort Someone Fluent in the Fictional Language of Klingon," illustrates the need for readers to always
    • A. 

      Remember that truth is often stranger than fiction.

    • B. 

      Be skeptical

    • C. 

      Consider that numerous postings of information on the Internet are required to establish proof

    • D. 

      Be wary of overly complex explanations.

  • 70. 
    In a drawing, a single vertical line is placed among a group of slanted lines. This effect, which is so basic that babies as young as three months respond to it, is called
    • A. 

      Stereoscopic vision.

    • B. 

      Visual pop-out

    • C. 

      The gate-control effect

    • D. 

      The somesthetic effect.

  • 71. 
    In general, learning tends to create
    • A. 

      Stereoscopic vision

    • B. 

      Perceptual habits.

    • C. 

      Dishabituation

    • D. 

      Habitual revision

  • 72. 
    In keeping an observational record, which of the following methods tends to be the most objective?
    • A. 

      Behavioral assessment by a single observer

    • B. 

      Video recording

    • C. 

      Rating scale used by a single observer

    • D. 

      At least three intersubjective observers

  • 73. 
    In order to increase his perceptual accuracy, Brad tries to look at friends and family members as if they were persons he has just met for the first time.  He is trying to 
    • A. 

      Better understand his motives and emotions

    • B. 

      Classify people into the ten personality types.

    • C. 

      Create perceptual sets

    • D. 

      Interrupt habituation

  • 74. 
    Which one do you like?
    • A. 

      Option 1

    • B. 

      Option 2

    • C. 

      Option 3

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 75. 
    Merkel's disks, Meissner's corpuscles, and Pacinian corpuscles all sense
    • A. 

      Warmth

    • B. 

      Pain

    • C. 

      Pressure

    • D. 

      Cold

  • 76. 
    Perceptions cab be misconstructed as they are filtered through
    • A. 

      Our expectations

    • B. 

      All of these

    • C. 

      Our needs

    • D. 

      Our attitudes, values, and beliefs

  • 77. 
    Psychologists who want to make measurements to discover relationships between events use a technique called
    • A. 

      The case study methods

    • B. 

      The correlation method

    • C. 

      Naturalistic observation

    • D. 

      The survey methods

  • 78. 
    Ray awoke one morning to find that he could not see anything in the upper right side of his visual field, his right eye and the right side of his mouth looked different in the mirror, his gait when walking was a bit awkward, and he felt generally "clumsy."  Ray is exhibiting
    • A. 

      Neurological soft signs of a stroke

    • B. 

      The initial onset of alzheimer's disease

    • C. 

      Hard neurological signs of facial agnosia

    • D. 

      The initial onset of spatial neglect

  • 79. 
    Regarding brain cells regeneration and repair, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Approaches involving neurogenesis are offering hope for persons suffering from a variety of disabilities, such as depression, addiction, and schizophrenia.

    • B. 

      Although the brain loses cells daily, it simultaneously grows new neurons to replace them

    • C. 

      Saltatory conduction is the approach in which a patient's good arm is retrained in order to force his or her impaired arm to be more active with a resulting increase in neurogenesis in the damaged part of the brain.

    • D. 

      A healthy 75-year-old brain has just as many neurons as it did when it was 25-years-old

  • 80. 
    Regarding neuroplasticity, which of the following statement is FALSE? 
    • A. 

      Adult brains are more neuroplastic then the brains of infants and children.

    • B. 

      The repeated activation of synapses between two neurons that strengthens the connection between them is known as Hebb's rule

    • C. 

      Synaptic Connections may grow stranger and new ones may form, while inactive synaptic connections may weaken and even die

    • D. 

      Scientists who study the brain believe that every mental event involves a brain event, which means that every new experience we have is reflected in changes to our brains.

  • 81. 
    Regarding pseudopsychologies, which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      Pseudopschologies are skeptical of their own theories and look for contradictions.

    • B. 

      Pseudopschologies changed little over time

    • C. 

      Pseudopschologies are types of superstitions.

    • D. 

      Pseudopschologies give the appearance of being scientific but are actually false.

  • 82. 
    Regarding the proportion of left-handed people, individualist con tries tend to have
    • A. 

      The same number of lefties as collectivist countries

    • B. 

      Significantly more lefties than collectivist countries

    • C. 

      Significantly fewer lefties than collectivist countries

    • D. 

      Slightly fewer lefties than collectivist countries

  • 83. 
    Regarding the word somesthetic, esthetic means
    • A. 

      Motion

    • B. 

      Feel

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Balance

  • 84. 
    Sam is being administered a test known as the Landolt rings.  Which aspect of Sam's vision is being assessed?
    • A. 

      Color vision

    • B. 

      Night vision

    • C. 

      Depth perception

    • D. 

      Visual acuity

  • 85. 
    Skin senses, kinesthetic senses, and vestibular senses comprise which sense system?
    • A. 

      Somesthetic

    • B. 

      Gustation

    • C. 

      Perceptual feedback

    • D. 

      Olfactory

  • 86. 
    The continued use of barbiturates to treat insomnia tends to cause 
    • A. 

      An increase in nocturnal enuresis

    • B. 

      An increase in narcolepsy

    • C. 

      A dependency on the barbiturates

    • D. 

      A reduction in insomnia episodes

  • 87. 
    The obvious and visible aspects of a dream comprise its
    • A. 

      Lucid content

    • B. 

      Latent content

    • C. 

      Conscious core

    • D. 

      Manifest content

  • 88. 
    The rods of the retina
    • A. 

      Are densely packed in an area called the fovea.

    • B. 

      Function best in dim light

    • C. 

      Are specialized for color sensations

    • D. 

      Are specialized for picking up on fine detail

  • 89. 
    Visible light is made electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of
    • A. 

      20 to 20,000 hectometers

    • B. 

      400-700 nanometers

    • C. 

      300-800 decibels

    • D. 

      20 to 20,000 C.P.S.

  • 90. 
    • A. 

      Eye preference

    • B. 

      Ear preference

    • C. 

      Handedness

    • D. 

      Leg movement

  • 91. 
    The process of detecting physical energies with the sensory organs is called
    • A. 

      Adaptation

    • B. 

      Perception

    • C. 

      Sensation

    • D. 

      Cognition

  • 92. 
    When shown a picture of a spoon, Alfred says, "foon, noon, poon." Alfred's mispronunciation would be classified as a(n)
    • A. 

      Primary agnosia

    • B. 

      Receptive aphasia

    • C. 

      Fluent aphasia

    • D. 

      Expressive aphasia

  • 93. 
    • A. 

      Reduced reasoning and planning abilities and changes in personality

    • B. 

      Reduced capacity to hear sounds

    • C. 

      Development of blind spots in the visual field

    • D. 

      Inability to sense hot and cold

  • 94. 
    • A. 

      Pineal gland---------melatonin

    • B. 

      Pancreas--------corticoids

    • C. 

      Adrenal gland---------epinephrine

    • D. 

      Pituitary gland----------growth hormone

  • 95. 
    • A. 

      Cerebellum

    • B. 

      Medulla

    • C. 

      Reticular formation

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus

  • 96. 
    While you are watching TV, your mind begins to drift and you become increasingly drowsy.  You know the television is on, but you cannot distinguish which program is on.  Then, your friend says, "You're asleep."  You quickly state, "No, I'm not," but you really were.  The sleep stage described would be 
    • A. 

      Stage 3 of NREM sleep

    • B. 

      Stage 1 of NREM sleep

    • C. 

      Stage 2 of NREM sleep

    • D. 

      REM sleep

  • 97. 
    Within a neuron, information typically flows in which directional order?
    • A. 

      Soma, dendrites, axon

    • B. 

      Dendrites, soma, axon

    • C. 

      Axon terminal, neurilemma, dendrites

    • D. 

      Dendrites, myelin, axon terminal

  • 98. 
    Women get intoxicated from less alcohol than men do because
    • A. 

      The alcohol is absorbed slower and metabolized faster by women's bodies

    • B. 

      Women tend to drink mixed drinks rather than beer

    • C. 

      The alcohol is absorbed faster and metabolized slower by women's bodies

    • D. 

      The alcohol reacts with the estrogen levels in the women's bodies

  • 99. 
    You are driving in the dark when suddenly a bright light from an ongoing car temporarily blinds you. To restore light sensitivity and allow you to see to drive, the visual pigments in your rods must
    • A. 

      Break down chemically

    • B. 

      Bleach

    • C. 

      Dissipate

    • D. 

      Recombine

  • 100. 
    Ou are at a party and are listening intensely to a friend tell the "latest gossip,"  when another person in the room mentions your name in a conversation in a group to the left of where you are standing.  According to research on selective attention, you will most likely
    • A. 

      Shift your attention to the person who mentioned your name

    • B. 

      Shift your attention every 30 seconds, regardless of whether your name was called or not

    • C. 

      Not hear your name mentioned since you are intensely listening to your friends story

    • D. 

      Not perceive your name being called since this occurred on your left side, not on your right side.