When President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated, Vice President Andrew Johnson became the president.
The Union elected Andrew Johnson as president because they thought he would help bring back the South peacefully since he was from the South too.
During the 1866 elections, Andrew Johnson’s opponent was killed in an accident, so Johnson was the only candidate left to become president.
Johnson required former Confederate States to revise their state constitutions.
Johnson required former Confederate states to declare secession was illegal.
Johnson required former Confederate states to ratify the 18th Amendment.
It gave all former slaves in the South forty acres of land.
It gave African Americans the right to vote.
It made slavery illegal in all of the United States.
Andrew Johnson was the president of the Confederacy and had signed the Black Codes into law as his last act in office.
Andrew Johnson allowed former Confederate leaders to make the new state governments in the South, which allowed these leaders to create the Black Codes.
Andrew Johnson wrote the Black Codes and forced the governors of the South to put them in their new state constitutions.
The Black Codes were laws that took away former Confederate leaders’ right to vote or hold office.
The Black Codes were laws that limited the rights of African Americans in the South during the Reconstruction Era.
The Black Codes were a secret code between white people in the South so that black people did not know what whites were talking about.
Radical Republicans wanted to punish the South after the Civil War and wanted the federal government to force change in the South.
Radical Republicans wanted to find a way to help the Southern economy and bring back the South as peacefully as possible.
Radical Republicans wanted to deny statehood to the former Confederate states and sell them to Mexico.
It gave them freedom by making slavery illegal and required all Southern slaveowners to free their slaves immediately.
It gave them medical treatment, food, clothing, and established public schools for African Americans.
It made them citizens of the United States which entitled them to the same rights and privileges as white Americans.