EMT 33

54 Questions

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EMT Quizzes & Trivia

As an Emergency Medical Technician, you very well understand that you have a very difficult job with lives at stake. How well do you know the EMT procedures? Find out in the quiz below and all the best.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1. In which of the following ways does the body produce heat in response to being cold?
    • A. 

      C) Shivering

    • B. 

      A) Excreting more urine

    • C. 

      B) Burning fewer calories

    • D. 

      D) Increasing the respiratory rate

  • 2. 
    2. In which of the following situations would a person lose heat by conduction?
    • A. 

      A) Si tting on cold metal bleachers at a footbal l game

    • B. 

      B) Wearing wet clothing in windy weather

    • C. 

      C) Breathing

    • D. 

      D) Going outside without a coat during a cold but calm day

  • 3. 
    3. When the body is in water, how many times faster does it lose heat than when it is in sti l l air?
    • A. 

      D) 25

    • B. 

      C) 10

    • C. 

      B) 100

    • D. 

      A) 2

  • 4. 
    4. A patient who is lying on cold ground is losing the most amount of heat by what mechanism
    • A. 

      C) Conduction

    • B. 

      A) Radiation

    • C. 

      B) Convection

    • D. 

      D) Shivering

  • 5. 
    5. Which of the fol lowing is the process in which heat is lost from the body as wind passes over it?
    • A. 

      A) Convection

    • B. 

      B) Hydrodynamic cooling

    • C. 

      C) Exposure

    • D. 

      D) Condensation

  • 6. 
    6. Which of the fol lowing is the most significant way in which the body cools itself?
    • A. 

      B) Perspiration

    • B. 

      A) Respiration

    • C. 

      C) Radiation

    • D. 

      D) Vasoconstriction

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      A) Since the blood is warmest in the extremities, exercise or unnecessary movement could quickly circulate the warm blood and raises the core body temperature.

    • B. 

      B) Since the blood is coldest in the extremities, exercise or unnecessary movement could quickly circulate the cold blood and drop the blood pressure

    • C. 

      C) Since the blood is coldest in the extremities, exercise or unnecessary movement could quickly circulate the cold blood and lower the core body temperature

    • D. 

      D) None of the above

  • 8. 
    8. Which of the fol lowing does NOT make infants and chi ldren more prone to hypothermia?
    • A. 

      A) Inefficient metabolism

    • B. 

      B) Large body surface area

    • C. 

      C) Smal l muscle mass

    • D. 

      D) Little body fat

  • 9. 
    9. Which of the fol lowing terms describes the temperature of the surrounding air?
    • A. 

      D) Ambient temperature

    • B. 

      C) Core temperature

    • C. 

      B) Shel l temperature

    • D. 

      A) Wind chi l l index

  • 10. 
    10. In cases of extreme hypothermia, you wil l find the patient unconscious, with no discernible vital signs, and skin coldto your touch with stiff joints as if they appear dead. What is the emergency care for these patients?
    • A. 

      D) Assess the carotid pulse for 30 to 45 seconds; if there is no pulse, start CPR immediately and prepare to apply the AED.

    • B. 

      C) Check distal CSM, apply warming packs to the extremities, and transport the patient.

    • C. 

      B) Cal l the coroner as indications are the patient is cold and deceased, which is a definitive sign of death.

    • D. 

      A) Contact medical control for input into the best treatment for this patient.

  • 11. 
    11. To assess skin temperature for a possibly hypothermic patient, the EMT should place the back of his hand againstwhich part of the patient's body?
    • A. 

      C) Abdomen

    • B. 

      D) Inner wrist

    • C. 

      B) Cheek

    • D. 

      A) Forehead

  • 12. 
    12. Allowing a patient's body temperature to increase by preventing further heat loss is referred to as which of thefol lowing?
    • A. 

      B) Passive rewarming

    • B. 

      A) Core rewarming

    • C. 

      C) Active rewarming

    • D. 

      D) Natural rewarming

  • 13. 
    13. Applying an external source of heat to the patient's body to rewarm him is cal led ________ rewarming.
    • A. 

      B) active

    • B. 

      A) central

    • C. 

      C) endogenous

    • D. 

      D) peripheral

  • 14. 
    14. The technique for central rewarming requires the application of heat to which of the fol lowing areas of thepatient's body?
    • A. 

      B) Lateral chest, neck, armpits, and groin

    • B. 

      A) Chest, back, neck, and armpits

    • C. 

      C) Head, neck, chest, and back

    • D. 

      D) Head, neck, chest, and groin

  • 15. 
    15. Which of the fol lowing is acceptable when actively rewarming a hypothermic patient?
    • A. 

      D) Applying humidif ied oxygen

    • B. 

      C) Warming the patient as quickly as possible

    • C. 

      B) Giving coffee or brandy to drink

    • D. 

      A) Encouraging the patient to exercise

  • 16. 
    16. In a hypothermic patient the coldest blood is found in what part of the patient's body?
    • A. 

      D) Extremities

    • B. 

      C) Head

    • C. 

      B) Heart and lungs

    • D. 

      A) Intestines

  • 17. 
    17. You arrive on the scene and find an unresponsive homeless man lying in the al leyway clutching a wine bottle. He iswearing a long-sleeved shirt, but does not have pants on. His skin feels cold to the touch. The week's temperatures havenot been above 50°F. Which of the fol lowing should you do immediately after ensuring the patient has an adequateairway?
    • A. 

      D) Check the pulse.

    • B. 

      C) Begin passive rewarming.

    • C. 

      B) Provide manual stabi l ization of the cervical spine.

    • D. 

      A) Apply the AED.

  • 18. 
    18. Rough handl ing of a patient with severe hypothermia may result in which of the following?
    • A. 

      A) Ventricular fibri l lation

    • B. 

      B) Seizures

    • C. 

      C) Heart attack

    • D. 

      D) Rewarming shock

  • 19. 
    19. When resuscitating a hypothermic patient in cardiac arrest, resuscitation attempts must continue unti l the patienthas:
    • A. 

      D) been rewarmed.

    • B. 

      C) been defibri l lated a total of nine times.

    • C. 

      B) developed rigor mortis.

    • D. 

      A) been venti lated for at least 30 minutes with an oropharyngeal airway in place.

  • 20. 
    20. Which of the fol lowing is NOT a classif ication of local ized cold injury?
    • A. 

      A) Hypothermia

    • B. 

      B) Frostbite

    • C. 

      Frostnip

    • D. 

      D) All of the above are local ized cold injuries.

  • 21. 
    21. The term gangrene means tissue:
    • A. 

      D) death.

    • B. 

      C) infection.

    • C. 

      B) discoloration.

    • D. 

      A) damage.

  • 22. 
    22. Local ized cold injury occurs due to vasoconstriction and:
    • A. 

      C) ice crystal formation in the tissues.

    • B. 

      B) blood clots.

    • C. 

      A) chemical imbalance in the tissues.

    • D. 

      D) loss of calcium.

  • 23. 
    23. Which of the fol lowing BEST describes a local ized cold injury with a clear line of demarcation of its l imits?
    • A. 

      A) Early frostnip

    • B. 

      B) Late frostbite

    • C. 

      C) Immersion foot

    • D. 

      D) Deep frostnip

  • 24. 
    24. The term blanching, used to describe local ized cold injury, means the tissue has turned to which of the followingcolors?
    • A. 

      A) White or lighter

    • B. 

      B) Blue or purple

    • C. 

      C) Red

    • D. 

      D) Black

  • 25. 
    25. Which of the fol lowing should the EMT do during the treatment of local ized cold injury?
    • A. 

      D) Gradually warm the affected area.

    • B. 

      C) Massage the affected area.

    • C. 

      B) Rub the affected area with snow.

    • D. 

      A) Encourage the patient to use the affected part.

  • 26. 
    26. When actively rewarming a frostbitten extremity in warm water, you should change the water when thetemperature fal ls below ________ °F.
    • A. 

      B) 100–105

    • B. 

      A) 115–120

    • C. 

      C) 85–95

    • D. 

      D) 80–90

  • 27. 
    27. Which of the fol lowing describes the condition of having an abnormal ly high body temperature?
    • A. 

      A) Hyperthermia

    • B. 

      B) Septic shock

    • C. 

      C) Hyperdynamic state

    • D. 

      D) Heat shock

  • 28. 
    28. For which of the following reasons are newborns, infants, and the elderly more readily affected by the heat thanother age groups?
    • A. 

      D) Poor ability to regulate body temperature

    • B. 

      C) Inadequate salt intake

    • C. 

      B) Increased body mass

    • D. 

      A) Faster metabolism

  • 29. 
    29. Heat cramps occur due to loss of which of the following substances?
    • A. 

      B) Salt

    • B. 

      A) Water

    • C. 

      C) Magnesium

    • D. 

      D) Water and potassium

  • 30. 
    30. Heat stroke is caused by which of the fol lowing mechanisms?
    • A. 

      C) Fai lure of temperature regulation mechanisms

    • B. 

      D) Heat-induced swell ing of brain tissue

    • C. 

      B) Extreme dilation of al l the blood vessels

    • D. 

      A) Blockage of blood flow to the brain

  • 31. 
    31. When submerged in water, biological death may be delayed if the water temperature is below ________ °F.
    • A. 

      A) 70

    • B. 

      98.6

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      32

  • 32. 
    32. Regarding drowning in adults, which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      C) The colder the water, the better the chances of survival in either sal twater or freshwater drowning.

    • B. 

      D) The warmer the water, the better the chances of survival in saltwater drowning.

    • C. 

      B) Water temperature makes no difference in the chances of survival in either saltwater or freshwater drowning.

    • D. 

      A) Colder water improves survival chances in sal twater drowning but not in freshwater drowning.

  • 33. 
    33. Which of the fol lowing spiders can cause a characteristic wound with a bite that is often painless?
    • A. 

      A) Brown recluse spider

    • B. 

      B) Sheet web spider

    • C. 

      C) Argiope spider

    • D. 

      D) Black widow spider

  • 34. 
    34. Where should a constricting band be placed to reduce lymphatic flow after a venomous snake bite?
    • A. 

      C) Two inches above and two inches below the bite

    • B. 

      A) Two inches above the bite

    • C. 

      B) Two inches below the bite

    • D. 

      D) None of the above; constricting bands should not be used.

  • 35. 
    35. The purpose of a constricting band after a venomous snake bite is to impede the flow of which of the following?
    • A. 

      A) Lymph

    • B. 

      B) Arterial blood

    • C. 

      C) Venom

    • D. 

      D) Both A and C

  • 36. 
    36. Of the fol lowing venomous snakes, which one usual ly has the highest incidence of a "dry bite"?
    • A. 

      A) Coral snake

    • B. 

      B) Water moccasin

    • C. 

      C) Mississauga rattlesnake

    • D. 

      D) Copperhead

  • 37. 
    37. Which of the fol lowing could worsen the effects of a snake bite?
    • A. 

      A) Appl ication of ice

    • B. 

      B) Cutting and suctioning out the venom

    • C. 

      C) Constricting bands above and below the bite

    • D. 

      D) All of the above

  • 38. 
    38. Reducing the pain of a marine animal sting can be accomplished by rinsing the affected area with which of thefol lowing?
    • A. 

      D) Vinegar

    • B. 

      C) Cold water

    • C. 

      B) Gasoline or kerosene

    • D. 

      A) Steri le sal ine solution

  • 39. 
    39. Which of the fol lowing occurs when gases leave a damaged lung in a diving accident and enter the bloodstream?
    • A. 

      D) Arterial gas embolism

    • B. 

      C) Hyperbaric arterial injury

    • C. 

      B) Arterial blood gases

    • D. 

      A) Arterial thrombosis

  • 40. 
    40. Which of the fol lowing is caused by trapped nitrogen gas in the tissues due to a rapid ascent from a scuba dive?
    • A. 

      C) Decompression sickness

    • B. 

      B) Pulmonary embolism

    • C. 

      A) "Squeeze" injuries of the ear and sinuses

    • D. 

      D) Nitrogen narcosis

  • 41. 
    41. Which of the fol lowing increases a scuba diver's risk of decompression sickness?
    • A. 

      B) Flying within several hours after a dive

    • B. 

      A) Taking cold or sinus medications before a dive

    • C. 

      C) Diving on a full stomach

    • D. 

      D) Breathing 100 percent oxygen before a dive

  • 42. 
    42. You arrive on the scene to find a scuba diver on board a boat slumped over in the captain's chair with frothy blood inhis mouth. The captain states that the diver was down no more than 15 feet when he ascended rapidly and cal led forhelp. Which of the fol lowing is most likely?
    • A. 

      C) Air embolism

    • B. 

      A) Decompression sickness

    • C. 

      B) The bends

    • D. 

      D) Caisson's disease

  • 43. 
    43. Which of the fol lowing types of snake is NOT a pit viper?
    • A. 

      C) Coral snake

    • B. 

      A) Water moccasin

    • C. 

      B) Rattlesnake

    • D. 

      D) Copperhead

  • 44. 
    44. You are enjoying some time at the beach on your day off when you hear a swimmer crying for help. As you spot theswimmer about 30 feet from shore, she cries out again but appears to be getting weaker. Although there is no l i feguardon duty, there is a rowboat and a ring buoy avai lable. Assuming you do NOT know how to swim or consider yourself apoor swimmer, which of the following should you do first?
    • A. 

      D) Cal l for help and try to throw the buoy to the swimmer.

    • B. 

      C) Find someone who can swim to try to swim out and save the swimmer.

    • C. 

      B) Use the buoy to float out to the swimmer.

    • D. 

      A) Row the boat out to the swimmer.

  • 45. 
    45. To rescue someone who has fal len through the ice, which of the fol lowing is the safest device to use?
    • A. 

      B) A flat-bottomed aluminum boat

    • B. 

      A) A jet-ski

    • C. 

      C) A ladder

    • D. 

      D) A ring buoy

  • 46. 
    46. Most radiant heat is lost through which part of the body?
    • A. 

      B) The head

    • B. 

      A) The hands and feet

    • C. 

      C) The buttocks

    • D. 

      D) The torso

  • 47. 
    47. Which of the fol lowing signs would you NOT expect to see in a patient suffering from severe hypothermia?
    • A. 

      B) Shivering

    • B. 

      A) Numbness

    • C. 

      C) Drowsiness

    • D. 

      D) Skin cool to touch

  • 48. 
    48. Why is it important to remove constricting items such as rings before thawing a frozen extremity?
    • A. 

      A) Because thawed areas often swell

    • B. 

      B) To prevent damage to the property such as rings and watches

    • C. 

      C) Because thawing leaves clots behind in the veins

    • D. 

      D) All of the above

  • 49. 
    49. Which of the fol lowing would you expect to see in a patient with severe hypothermia?
    • A. 

      A) Irrational behavior

    • B. 

      B) Loss of muscle tone

    • C. 

      C) Rapid respirations

    • D. 

      D) Tachycardia

  • 50. 
    50. In a patient with extreme hypothermia who appears to be in cardiac arrest, you should assess the pulse for howlong?
    • A. 

      A) 30 to 45 seconds

    • B. 

      B) 20 to 30 seconds

    • C. 

      C) 5 to 10 seconds

    • D. 

      D) 15 to 20 seconds

  • 51. 
    51. Your patient is a 24-year-old man who smoked a cigarette dipped in formaldehyde and then went outside with noshoes on and walked in the snow for about an hour. He has deep local cold injuries to both feet. Which of the fol lowingshould be included in your management of this patient?
    • A. 

      C) Gradual ly rewarm both feet.

    • B. 

      D) Massage the feet briskly.

    • C. 

      B) Have the patient sit with his feet lower than the rest of his body.

    • D. 

      A) Break blisters before wrapping both feet in steri le dressings.

  • 52. 
    52. Your patient is a 44-year-old female with a history of alcohol ism. She has been walking around at an outdoor fairon a hot, sunny day. She is disoriented to time; has hot, dry skin; and appears to be general ly weak. Which of thefol lowing is the appropriate sequence of treatment for this patient?
    • A. 

      D) Give oxygen by nonrebreather mask, remove heavy clothing, and place cold packs on her neck, armpits, and groin.

    • B. 

      C) Give oxygen by nonrebreather mask, have the patient sip a sports drink or electrolyte solution, remove heavy clothing, and place cold packs on her neck, armpits, and groin

    • C. 

      B) Get as much ice as possible from the food vendors at the fair, place the patient in a large container of ice, and apply oxygen by nonrebreather mask.

    • D. 

      A) Have the patient drink an electrolyte solution or sports drink and apply cold packs to her neck, armpits, and groin.

  • 53. 
    53. Which of the fol lowing is often associated with water-related emergencies?
    • A. 

      D) All of the above

    • B. 

      C) Alcohol use

    • C. 

      B) Cardiac arrest

    • D. 

      A) Hypothermia

  • 54. 
    54. Which of the fol lowing is acceptable in the management of a patient stung by a honey bee?
    • A. 

      C) Remove jewelry from any affected limbs.

    • B. 

      A) Soak the affected area in warm water.

    • C. 

      B) Pull the stinger out using tweezers.

    • D. 

      D) Elevate the affected site above the level of the heart to reduce swell ing.