Formal state structures
The Middle East
Babylonian medical practice was informed by study of microscopic germs
Babylonian physicians attended formal medical school for many years of training similar to doctors today
Babylonian physicians healed most cases of broken bones in Mesopotamia
Babylonian medical practice reflected prevailing patterns in social status
Babylonian doctors heeded the Hippocratic oath
Served as tombs for pharohs
Were built by slave and corvee labor
Are reflective of advance geometric knowledge
Contain numerous hieroglyphic symbols
Were built under the influence of Chinese advisors
Huang He River
Writing permitted record keeping for trade and governments.
Writing led to the development of civilization more than sedentary agriculture.
Most civilizations developed without writing systems.
No sophisticated civilization developed without a system of writing.
There is no important relationship between civilization and writing.