Political Organization Of Space: Unit IV Test A

68 Questions

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Space Quizzes & Trivia

This is the concept of territories, nature and meaning of boundaries, influences on identity interaction and exchange. The political organization of space is a resourceful quiz and beneficial. All the best as you test and advance your knowledge.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A region not fully integrated into a national state that is often marginal or undeveloped is called a 
    • A. 

      Stateless nation.

    • B. 

      Frontier.

    • C. 

      Core.

    • D. 

      Heartland.

    • E. 

      Functional.

  • 2. 
    Which cultural hearth is credited with the creation of city-states, which eventually lead to the creation of the concept of nation-state?
    • A. 

      Mesopotamia.

    • B. 

      Northern India.

    • C. 

      Greece.

    • D. 

      Roman Empire.

    • E. 

      Mayan.

  • 3. 
    Which is a politically organized territory that is administered by a sovereign government and recognized by a large percentage of the international community?
    • A. 

      Nation.

    • B. 

      State.

    • C. 

      Frontier.

    • D. 

      Territoriality.

    • E. 

      Colony.

  • 4. 
    The exercise of state power over people and territory, and being recognized by other international states, refers to
    • A. 

      Nationalism.

    • B. 

      Sovereignty.

    • C. 

      Citizenship.

    • D. 

      Centrifugalism.

    • E. 

      Imperialism.

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      Is a territory established by international agreement or military force.

    • B. 

      Is a cultural concept implying a group of people occupying a particular territory and unified by shared beliefs.

    • C. 

      The portion of the earth's surface containing a permanent population.

    • D. 

      Is a political entity, with sovereignty over its own territory.

    • E. 

      Is a group of people living in an enclave of a city.

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is an example of a nation seeking its own territory?
    • A. 

      Mexicans.

    • B. 

      Palestinians.

    • C. 

      British.

    • D. 

      English.

    • E. 

      Russians.

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a characteristic of compact states?
    • A. 

      Circular with the capital located in the center of the state.

    • B. 

      Long narrow state with population concentrated in one region of the state.

    • C. 

      One state is completely within the boundaries of another state.

    • D. 

      State separated by a physical boundary or body of water.

    • E. 

      Size of the state is very small compared to other states.

  • 8. 
    Which of the following states fits the morphology description of a fragmented state?
    • A. 

      Chile.

    • B. 

      Japan.

    • C. 

      Mexico.

    • D. 

      South Africa.

    • E. 

      Poland.

  • 9. 
    This shape can weaken centralized control of state territory and increase regionalism particularly in the areas separate from the main state. 
    • A. 

      Compact.

    • B. 

      Prorupt.

    • C. 

      Elongated.

    • D. 

      Perforated.

    • E. 

      Fragmented.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following states best fits the morphology description of a fragmented state?
    • A. 

      France.

    • B. 

      Chile.

    • C. 

      Indonesia.

    • D. 

      Australia.

    • E. 

      China.

  • 11. 
    A country with this shape can provide access to a resource, or it can separate two countries that would otherwise share a boundary.
    • A. 

      Compact.

    • B. 

      Prorupted.

    • C. 

      Elongated.

    • D. 

      Perforated.

    • E. 

      Fragmented.

  • 12. 
    Which of the following states best fits the morphology description of a perforated state?
    • A. 

      Namibia.

    • B. 

      South Africa.

    • C. 

      China.

    • D. 

      Poland.

    • E. 

      United Kingdom.

  • 13. 
    Which of the following states have an enclave?
    • A. 

      France.

    • B. 

      Brazil.

    • C. 

      Italy.

    • D. 

      Egypt.

    • E. 

      Australia.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following states have an exclave?
    • A. 

      Russia.

    • B. 

      Brazil.

    • C. 

      Italy.

    • D. 

      South Africa.

    • E. 

      Australia.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is true for landlocked states?
    • A. 

      They are likely to be the wealthiest state in their region.

    • B. 

      They are at a commercial and strategic disadvantage.

    • C. 

      Interior locations are more difficult to defend.

    • D. 

      Relations with neighboring countries are not as important as for maritime countries.

    • E. 

      There are more landlocked states in the world than maritime states.

  • 16. 
    Which of the following is a landlocked state?
    • A. 

      Australia.

    • B. 

      Mongolia.

    • C. 

      Italy.

    • D. 

      Israel.

    • E. 

      Peru.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following best describes an impact of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea for maritime micro-states?
    • A. 

      The Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) provisions increasing the resources and economic viability of these states.

    • B. 

      Decreased the importance of micro-states in the global economy.

    • C. 

      Placed more restrictive sea access limits on micro-states than the macro states like the United States.

    • D. 

      Increasingly marginalized the locations and power of micro-states.

    • E. 

      Encouraged the low-lying micro states to vacate territory because of rising sea levels.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following nations is considered a stateless-nation?
    • A. 

      Kurdish.

    • B. 

      Jewish.

    • C. 

      French.

    • D. 

      Spanish.

    • E. 

      Polish.

  • 19. 
    Which of the following areas have been subjected to the policy of irredentism in the late 20th century?
    • A. 

      Japan.

    • B. 

      New Zealand.

    • C. 

      Serbia.

    • D. 

      United States.

    • E. 

      Saudi Arabia.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following states engaged in classical hegemony in the late 20th century?
    • A. 

      Canada.

    • B. 

      El Salvador.

    • C. 

      Madagascar.

    • D. 

      Soviet Union.

    • E. 

      Mongolia.

  • 21. 
    All of the following are advantages of using mountains as boundaries except that
    • A. 

      They are difficult to cross.

    • B. 

      They create a visible, physical border between states.

    • C. 

      Mountain regions are usually sparsely populated.

    • D. 

      Mountains are relatively permanent.

    • E. 

      They are often the source area for natural resources.

  • 22. 
    All of the following are advantages of using water as boundaries except that
    • A. 

      Water creates a visible boundary.

    • B. 

      Resource allocation can become a source of conflict.

    • C. 

      Water creates relatively consistent boundaries over time.

    • D. 

      Water provides protection against invasion.

    • E. 

      Oceans create a buffer between states.

  • 23. 
    All of the following are advantages of using deserts as boundaries except for the fact that
    • A. 

      They are difficult to cross.

    • B. 

      They create a visible, physical border between states.

    • C. 

      Deserts contain natural resources.

    • D. 

      Desert regions are usually sparsely populated.

    • E. 

      Deserts are relatively permanent.

  • 24. 
    The boundaries on this island were drawn primarily to divide the Greeks from the Turks.
    • A. 

      Cyprus.

    • B. 

      Australia.

    • C. 

      Sri Lanka.

    • D. 

      Indonesia.

    • E. 

      Falklands.

  • 25. 
    This country used linguistic boundaries as a primary reason to establish their territory.
    • A. 

      United States.

    • B. 

      Peru.

    • C. 

      Australia.

    • D. 

      France.

    • E. 

      United Kingdom.

  • 26. 
    One element of the conflict in Sri Lanka is differences in religion. What two religions are primarily represented in this conflict? 
    • A. 

      Islam and Christianity.

    • B. 

      Islam and Jewish.

    • C. 

      Buddhism and Hindu.

    • D. 

      Christian and Tribal.

    • E. 

      Shiite and Sunni.

  • 27. 
    The boundaries between which set of countries were established primarily to separate different regions?
    • A. 

      India and Pakistan.

    • B. 

      Mexico and United States.

    • C. 

      France and Germany.

    • D. 

      Russia and Ukraine.

    • E. 

      Libya and Chad.

  • 28. 
    Which type of boundary uses lines of latitude and longitude and not existing physical features. 
    • A. 

      Antecedent boundary.

    • B. 

      Subsequent boundary.

    • C. 

      Natural boundary.

    • D. 

      Geometric boundary.

    • E. 

      Relic boundary.

  • 29. 
    Which of the following is not a purpose of boundaries?
    • A. 

      Mark the outer limits of state's claim to land.

    • B. 

      Project below ground to allocate subsurface resources.

    • C. 

      Mark political administrative divisions within a country.

    • D. 

      Define the property limits between owners of land.

    • E. 

      Create lanes of transportation between countries.

  • 30. 
    Which of the following countries' internal boundaries are largely antecedent boundaries?
    • A. 

      Canada.

    • B. 

      Germany.

    • C. 

      Israel.

    • D. 

      Japan.

    • E. 

      India.

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is the best example of a subsequent boundary?
    • A. 

      Ireland / Northern Ireland.

    • B. 

      Mexico / United States.

    • C. 

      China / Tibet.

    • D. 

      Great Wall of China.

    • E. 

      Colorado / Kansas.

  • 32. 
    Which of the following boundaries were not superimposed on a group?
    • A. 

      Native American reservations.

    • B. 

      United States / Canada.

    • C. 

      India / Pakistan.

    • D. 

      Africa.

    • E. 

      Papua New Guinea / Indonesia.

  • 33. 
    A former boundary line that is still visible and marked by some cultural landscape feature is a(n)
    • A. 

      Geometric boundary.

    • B. 

      Natural boundary.

    • C. 

      Antecedent boundary.

    • D. 

      Relic boundary.

    • E. 

      Subsequent boundary.

  • 34. 
    This type of boundary dispute focuses on delimitation, demarcation or interpretation of an agreement between countries. 
    • A. 

      Positional / locational dispute.

    • B. 

      Ethnic dispute.

    • C. 

      Resource / allocation dispute.

    • D. 

      Functional / operational dispute.

    • E. 

      Religious dispute.

  • 35. 
    • A. 

      Positional / locational dispute.

    • B. 

      Ethnic dispute.

    • C. 

      Resource dispute.

    • D. 

      Functional / operational dispute.

    • E. 

      Religious dispute.

  • 36. 
    The dispute between China and Vietnam over Spratly Island is primarily a(n)
    • A. 

      Position / locational dispute.

    • B. 

      Ethnic dispute.

    • C. 

      Resource dispute.

    • D. 

      Functional / operational dispute.

    • E. 

      Religious dispute.

  • 37. 
    A weaker country that separates two powerful countries whose ideology and or political views conflict is a 
    • A. 

      Core country.

    • B. 

      Periphery state.

    • C. 

      Fragmented state.

    • D. 

      Buffer state.

    • E. 

      Viable state.

  • 38. 
    Which of the following states is a buffer state between India and China?
    • A. 

      Mongolia.

    • B. 

      Nepal.

    • C. 

      Vietnam.

    • D. 

      Japan.

    • E. 

      Sri Lanka.

  • 39. 
    Which of the following best describes the border landscape between the United States and Mexico in the early 21st century?
    • A. 

      Strongly demarcated with fences and border guards, particularly in urban areas.

    • B. 

      Open welcoming border with inviting signage.

    • C. 

      Sudden, sharp cultural change from Mexican to American culture.

    • D. 

      Very few transportation connections or economic linkages.

    • E. 

      Very few people or products cross the border landscape legally.

  • 40. 
    The Israel / Palestine conflict has elements of all of the following types of disputes except a(n)
    • A. 

      Functional / operational dispute.

    • B. 

      Religious dispute.

    • C. 

      Ethnic dispute.

    • D. 

      Geometric dispute.

    • E. 

      Territorial dispute.

  • 41. 
    Which of the following ethnic groups is seeking self determination?
    • A. 

      Chechen.

    • B. 

      English.

    • C. 

      Mexican.

    • D. 

      Dutch.

    • E. 

      Chinese.

  • 42. 
    Which of the following best exemplifies an immigrant state?
    • A. 

      India.

    • B. 

      China.

    • C. 

      Australia.

    • D. 

      Japan.

    • E. 

      Saudi Arabia.

  • 43. 
    Which of the following regions was not predominately colonized by the British?
    • A. 

      East Africa.

    • B. 

      South Asia.

    • C. 

      West Africa.

    • D. 

      South Africa.

    • E. 

      Australia.

  • 44. 
    A country imposes its political, economic, and cultural principles over territory already occupied and organized by a society. This is called
    • A. 

      Command economy.

    • B. 

      Colonialism.

    • C. 

      Devolution.

    • D. 

      Imperialism.

    • E. 

      Regionalism.

  • 45. 
    Every country in Africa was either colonized or under the imperial control of a European power except
    • A. 

      Ethiopia.

    • B. 

      South Africa.

    • C. 

      Kenya.

    • D. 

      Nigeria.

    • E. 

      Egypt.

  • 46. 
    The concept of manifest destiny was used as a support for imperialism by which country?
    • A. 

      United Kingdom.

    • B. 

      France.

    • C. 

      United States.

    • D. 

      China.

    • E. 

      Spain.

  • 47. 
    Which of the following areas is considered a shatterbelt?
    • A. 

      Eastern Europe.

    • B. 

      Western Europe.

    • C. 

      China.

    • D. 

      Australia.

    • E. 

      North America.

  • 48. 
    Which country had an apartheid system of legal segregation of races which was finally dismantled in the 1990s?
    • A. 

      United States.

    • B. 

      India.

    • C. 

      South Africa.

    • D. 

      China.

    • E. 

      Japan.

  • 49. 
    During the Cold War era, which two countries balanced the power of one another?
    • A. 

      Pakistan / India.

    • B. 

      United Kingdom / France.

    • C. 

      Spain / Portugal.

    • D. 

      United States / Soviet Union.

    • E. 

      Japan / Germany.

  • 50. 
    This type of political framework has a central government, but each of the sub-national entities has representation and influence in the government process.
    • A. 

      Federal.

    • B. 

      Unitary.

    • C. 

      Compact.

    • D. 

      Communist.

    • E. 

      Democratic.

  • 51. 
    This type of state has a centralized government and administration that exercises control equally over all parts of the state?
    • A. 

      Federal.

    • B. 

      Unitary.

    • C. 

      Compact.

    • D. 

      Communist.

    • E. 

      Democratic.

  • 52. 
    A permanent union of sovereignty states were created in order to deal with with common interests of defense, trade or policy is a 
    • A. 

      Confederation.

    • B. 

      Democracy.

    • C. 

      Dependency.

    • D. 

      Trust territory.

    • E. 

      Macro state.

  • 53. 
    • A. 

      Its centrality in the United States.

    • B. 

      Inland site provided some protection against invasion.

    • C. 

      It was the largest and most powerful city during the colonial era.

    • D. 

      Its site was undeveloped and a new city could be built from the ground up.

    • E. 

      It was a compromise location between the competing interests of the North and South.

  • 54. 
    ___________ is a forward-thrust capital.
    • A. 

      Washington D.C.

    • B. 

      London.

    • C. 

      Beijing.

    • D. 

      Brasilia.

    • E. 

      Baghdad.

  • 55. 
    Balkanization is most closely associated with which of the following terms?
    • A. 

      Secondary activities.

    • B. 

      Tipping point.

    • C. 

      Multi-linear evolution.

    • D. 

      Shatterbelt.

    • E. 

      Bulk-loss industry.

  • 56. 
    All of the following areas have recently experienced or were created through balkanization except
    • A. 

      Chechnya.

    • B. 

      Serbia.

    • C. 

      Estonia.

    • D. 

      Vietnam.

    • E. 

      Brazil.

  • 57. 
    All of the following tend to be centripetal forces within a country except
    • A. 

      Education system.

    • B. 

      Military.

    • C. 

      Common language.

    • D. 

      Regionalism.

    • E. 

      Transportation system.

  • 58. 
    Which of the following is not a centrifugal force within Sri Lanka?
    • A. 

      Religion.

    • B. 

      Ethnicity.

    • C. 

      Language.

    • D. 

      History of conflict.

    • E. 

      Equal representation in government.

  • 59. 
    Which of the following states is not universally recognized as an independent state by the United Nations?
    • A. 

      South Africa.

    • B. 

      South Korea.

    • C. 

      Turkey.

    • D. 

      Taiwan.

    • E. 

      Sri Lanka.

  • 60. 
    Which of the following best describes the effect of globalization related to state sovereignty?
    • A. 

      State sovereignty has clearly increased as a result of globalization.

    • B. 

      States have given up some sovereignty in order to join supra-nationalistic organizations.

    • C. 

      Globalization has not had an effect on state sovereignty .

    • D. 

      The number of sovereign states in the world has declined during the era of globalization.

    • E. 

      State sovereignty has increased because of the need to protect borders from invasion of imperialistic states.

  • 61. 
    • A. 

      Territorial seas, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone, high seas.

    • B. 

      High seas, territorial seas, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone.

    • C. 

      Exclusive economic zone, contiguous zone, territorial seas, high seas.

    • D. 

      Territorial seas, exclusive economic zone, high seas, contiguous zone.

    • E. 

      Exclusive economic zone, contiguous zone, high seas, territorial seas.

  • 62. 
    Which of the following sub-regions recently gained more central government powers with the creation of a parliament?
    • A. 

      Colorado.

    • B. 

      Scotland.

    • C. 

      Russia.

    • D. 

      Ireland.

    • E. 

      Kosovo.

  • 63. 
    What is it called when three or more states cooperate in order to promote shared objectives in the areas of defense, economy or cultural cooperation?
    • A. 

      Multi-nationalism.

    • B. 

      Devolution.

    • C. 

      Supranationalism.

    • D. 

      Nationalism.

    • E. 

      Colonialism.

  • 64. 
    NAFTA is a supranationalistic organization, which attempted to create a free trade zone in which region?
    • A. 

      North Africa.

    • B. 

      North Atlantic.

    • C. 

      New Zealand and Australia.

    • D. 

      North America.

    • E. 

      Nigerian and Arab countries.

  • 65. 
    After World War I, the boundaries of countries were redrawn to correspond with
    • A. 

      The distribution of languages.

    • B. 

      The distribution of power.

    • C. 

      The distribution of ancient tribal areas.

    • D. 

      The provisions of the United Nations.

    • E. 

      The geographic nature of the HDI.

  • 66. 
    A state of conflict, tension, and competition existed between the 1940s and 1990s between which two countries?
    • A. 

      China and India.

    • B. 

      United States and Soviet Union.

    • C. 

      China and Taiwan.

    • D. 

      India and Pakistan.

    • E. 

      Israel and Palestine.

  • 67. 
    • A. 

      Stacked.

    • B. 

      Wasted vote.

    • C. 

      Fragmented.

    • D. 

      Aligned.

    • E. 

      Persuasive.

  • 68. 
    In order for democratization to become a reality in a country that has been dominated by an authoritarian ruler, all of the following must be present except
    • A. 

      A growing middle class.

    • B. 

      An increase in the average educational level.

    • C. 

      An intensification of economic power in a ruling elite.

    • D. 

      An increase in the GDP per capita.

    • E. 

      A homogeneous population.