Biology: Fungi Trivia Quiz

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Biology: Fungi Trivia Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Fungi Domain 
    • A. 

      Eukaryota

    • B. 

      Archaea

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Fungia

  • 2. 
    Fungi Kingdom 
    • A. 

      Eubacteria

    • B. 

      Protista

    • C. 

      Fungi

    • D. 

      Archaebacteria

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT apart of the fungi phylum 
    • A. 

      Ascomyceta

    • B. 

      Basidiomycota

    • C. 

      Chytridiomycota

    • D. 

      Deuteromycet

    • E. 

      Zygomycota

    • F. 

      They are all apart of the fungi phylum

  • 4. 
    Fungi includes 
    • A. 

      Yeast

    • B. 

      Molds

    • C. 

      Mushrooms

    • D. 

      B and C only

    • E. 

      A, B, & C are all correct

  • 5. 
    Fungi are 
    • A. 

      Heterotrophs

    • B. 

      Autotrophs

    • C. 

      Phototrophs

    • D. 

      Chemotrophs

  • 6. 
    Fungi phylum is based on 
    • A. 

      Size

    • B. 

      Toxicity

    • C. 

      Sexual structure

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    Fungus absorb nutrients from 
    • A. 

      Host

    • B. 

      Environment

    • C. 

      Rain fall

    • D. 

      Sun exposure

  • 8. 
    Digestion occurs outside a fungus's body through the use of 
    • A. 

      Mycelia

    • B. 

      Chitin

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Energy

  • 9. 
    Some fungus are 
    • A. 

      Decomposers that break down & absorb nutrients

    • B. 

      Parasites that absorb nutrients from host

    • C. 

      Mutualists and experience a relationship that benefits both fungi and host

    • D. 

      All of the above are true

  • 10. 
    Fungus body structure 
    • A. 

      Unicellular filaments

    • B. 

      Multicellular filaments

    • C. 

      Single yeast cells

    • D. 

      A & C are correct

    • E. 

      B & C are correct

  • 11. 
    _______ is a network of branched hyphae adapted for absorption 
    • A. 

      Mycelia

    • B. 

      Mycorrhizae

    • C. 

      Coenocytic

    • D. 

      Haustoria

  • 12. 
    Fungus cell wall is made up of 
    • A. 

      Mycelia

    • B. 

      Setae

    • C. 

      Chitin

    • D. 

      Mycorrhizae

  • 13. 
    A hyphae, which is a long, branching filamentous structure of a fungus consist of 
    • A. 

      Septa

    • B. 

      Coenocytic

    • C. 

      Haustoria

    • D. 

      Mycorrhizae

    • E. 

      All of the above

    • F. 

      A & B only

  • 14. 
    ____ divides hyphae into cells 
    • A. 

      Septa

    • B. 

      Chitin

    • C. 

      Coenocytic

    • D. 

      Haustoria

  • 15. 
    _____ fungi that lacks septa ( cross-walls)
    • A. 

      Mycorrhizae

    • B. 

      Coenicytic

    • C. 

      Haustoria

    • D. 

      Mycelia

  • 16. 
    ______ specialized hyphae that allow fungi to penetrate the tissue of their host 
    • A. 

      Septa

    • B. 

      Coenicytic

    • C. 

      Mycorrhizae

    • D. 

      Haustoria

  • 17. 
    ______mutually beneficial relationships between fungi and plant roots 
    • A. 

      Mycorrhizae

    • B. 

      Haustroia

    • C. 

      Coenocytic

    • D. 

      Hyphae

  • 18. 
    Fungi reproduce spores through______ life cycles
    • A. 

      Sexual

    • B. 

      Asexual

    • C. 

      A & B

    • D. 

      They have a life cycle that is unique to them called Fungisexual

  • 19. 
    Fungi nucleus is normally diploid 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    When fungi sexual reproduce they require a fusion of hyphae from different mating types. To do this they use sexual signaling molecules called ______ to communicate mating types. 
    • A. 

      Endocrine

    • B. 

      Paracrine

    • C. 

      Pheromone

    • D. 

      Steroid

  • 21. 
    ________ fusion of the cytoplasm which leads to a union of 2 parent mycelia 
    • A. 

      Mycorrhizae

    • B. 

      Plasmogamy

    • C. 

      Heterokaryon

    • D. 

      Coenocytic

  • 22. 
    This stage unfuses nuclei from different parents that coexist in the same mycelium. This stage can be for hours, days, or years!!
    • A. 

      Heterokaryon

    • B. 

      Plasomogamy

    • C. 

      Mycorrhizae

    • D. 

      Karyogamy

  • 23. 
    _______ fusion of hapoid nucleaus---> dipolid cells.  The diploid stage is short lived. 
    • A. 

      Plasmogamy

    • B. 

      Heterokaryon

    • C. 

      Karyogamy

    • D. 

      Coenocytic

  • 24. 
    Fungus undergo _______
    • A. 

      Mitosis

    • B. 

      Binary fission

    • C. 

      Meiosis

    • D. 

      Lytic cycle

  • 25. 
    During Asexual reproduction, ______ produce haploid spores by mitosis and from visible mycellium
    • A. 

      Deuteromycetes

    • B. 

      Mycelia

    • C. 

      Karyogamy

    • D. 

      Meiosis

  • 26. 
    ______ inhabit moist environments and reproduce asexually from simple cell division and pinching off of " bud cells"from parent cells 
    • A. 

      Mold

    • B. 

      Mushrooms

    • C. 

      Lichens

    • D. 

      Yeast

  • 27. 
    Called the "imperfect Fungi" ( because it is without a known sexual stage)
    • A. 

      Chytridiomycota

    • B. 

      Deuteromycetes

    • C. 

      Ascomycota

    • D. 

      Neurospora

  • 28. 
    Simplest phylum that is found in lake and soil. The anaerobic form of this phylum can also be found in the gut of sheep and cattle! 
    • A. 

      Chytrids

    • B. 

      Zygomycetes

    • C. 

      Ascomcyetes

    • D. 

      Basidomycetes

  • 29. 
    Chytrids produce sexual spores with flagella called 
    • A. 

      Chytrispores

    • B. 

      Zygospores

    • C. 

      Zoospores

    • D. 

      Conidiophores

  • 30. 
    The phylum consist of fast growing molds that are responsible for causing foods such as break, peaches, strawberries, and sweet potatoes to rot during storage. 
    • A. 

      Ascomcyetes

    • B. 

      Basidomycetes

    • C. 

      Zygomycetes

    • D. 

      Chytrids

  • 31. 
    Black bread mold is caused by what fungi 
    • A. 

      Rhizopus

    • B. 

      Pilobolus

    • C. 

      Zoospores

    • D. 

      Neurospora

  • 32. 
    Zygosporangium sexually produces _______
    • A. 

      Sporangia

    • B. 

      Lichens

    • C. 

      Zoospores

    • D. 

      Zygospores

  • 33. 
    When Zygomycetes asexually reproduce, myclia produce sporangium which produce ______ which produce genetically identical haploid spores. 
    • A. 

      Sporangia

    • B. 

      Zygospores

    • C. 

      Zoopsores

    • D. 

      Basidiospores

  • 34. 
    _____ "aims" spores at potential food source 
    • A. 

      Ascocarps

    • B. 

      Neurospora

    • C. 

      Pilobolus

    • D. 

      Pmyclia

  • 35. 
    The phylum referred to as the "Sac Fungi"
    • A. 

      Chytrids

    • B. 

      Basidiomycetes

    • C. 

      Ascomycetes

    • D. 

      Zygomycotes

  • 36. 
    Ascomcyetes produces sexual spores in a __________, usually contained in fruiting bodies called _______
    • A. 

      Neuropora, ascocarps

    • B. 

      Saclike asci, acsocarps

    • C. 

      Saclike asci, Neuropora

    • D. 

      Lichens, Ascocarps

  • 37. 
    Ascomcytese includes
    • A. 

      Decomposers

    • B. 

      Plant pathogens

    • C. 

      Symbionts

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      B & C only

  • 38. 
    40% of Ascomcyetes live in beneficial symbiotic relationship with 
    • A. 

      Green algae

    • B. 

      Cyanobacteria

    • C. 

      Blue green algea

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 39. 
    The relationship that ascomcytese has with green algea or cyanobacteria is referred to as 
    • A. 

      Symbionts

    • B. 

      Ascomcyteria

    • C. 

      Lichens

    • D. 

      Neurospora

  • 40. 
    ______ is a bread mold and reasearch organism that has half the number of genes in its genome 
    • A. 

      Rhizopus

    • B. 

      Club Fungi

    • C. 

      Neurospora

    • D. 

      Aspergillus

  • 41. 
    Ascomcyetes produces asexually by asexual spores
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    ______ are specialized hyphae that produce conidia at top 
    • A. 

      Lichens

    • B. 

      Neurospora

    • C. 

      Aspergillus

    • D. 

      Conidiophores

  • 43. 
    This phylum is referred to as "club fungi"
    • A. 

      Chytrides

    • B. 

      Zygomycotes

    • C. 

      Ascomycetes

    • D. 

      Basidiomycetes

  • 44. 
    Basidomycetes include
    • A. 

      Mushrooms

    • B. 

      Puffballs

    • C. 

      Shelf cungi

    • D. 

      Mycorrhizae

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 45. 
    Rusts and smuts are destructive plant parasites caused by which fungi 
    • A. 

      Chytrides

    • B. 

      Basidiomycetes

    • C. 

      Ascomycetes

    • D. 

      Zygomycotes

  • 46. 
    Basidomycetes sexually produce clublike structures called 
    • A. 

      Basidium

    • B. 

      Basidiospores

    • C. 

      Basidiocarps

    • D. 

      Puffballs

  • 47. 
    Basidomycetes sexual spores are called 
    • A. 

      Basidium

    • B. 

      Basidiocarps

    • C. 

      Basidiopsores

    • D. 

      Shelf cungi

  • 48. 
    30% of the 100,000 known species of fungi are parasites or pathogens that occurring mostly in plants. Which of the following make up the 30% 
    • A. 

      Chestnut blight

    • B. 

      Pine pitch canker

    • C. 

      Black stem rust on wheat

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 49. 
    The myth behind "fairy rings" is that they only appear after fairies have danced in a moonlite night
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    This pathogen occurs in improperly kept peanuts that produce aflatoxins
    • A. 

      Claviceps

    • B. 

      Mycosis

    • C. 

      Chestnut blight

    • D. 

      Aspergillus

  • 51. 
    This parasite occurs on rye plants and forms ergots that can cause ergotism
    • A. 

      Aspergillus

    • B. 

      Claviceps

    • C. 

      Mycosis

    • D. 

      Candida Albicans

  • 52. 
    One compound in ergot is lysergic acid, also known as 
    • A. 

      Cocaine

    • B. 

      Meth

    • C. 

      Marijuana

    • D. 

      LSD

  • 53. 
    Animals are much ______ susceptible to parasitic fungi than are plants
    • A. 

      Less

    • B. 

      Greater

  • 54. 
    Ringworm and Athletes foot are caused by what fungal infection
    • A. 

      Aspergillus

    • B. 

      Claviceps

    • C. 

      Basidium

    • D. 

      Mycosis

  • 55. 
    This systemic mycosis causes TB like symptoms in the lungs
    • A. 

      Candida albicans

    • B. 

      Coccidiodomycosis

    • C. 

      Cyclosporine

    • D. 

      Saccharomyces

  • 56. 
    This systemic mycosis is known as the opportunistic organism. 
    • A. 

      Candida albicans

    • B. 

      Coccidiodomycosis

    • C. 

      Rhizopus

    • D. 

      Cyclosporine

  • 57. 
    Practical uses of fungi include
    • A. 

      Decomposers and recyclers of organic matter

    • B. 

      Food (mushrooms)

    • C. 

      Flavor of roquefort and other blue cheeses

    • D. 

      Aspergilus for produceing citric acid in colas

    • E. 

      Morels and truffles

    • F. 

      Yeasts used for alcholic beverages and to make break rise

  • 58. 
    The most important of all cultured fungi is the yeast__________. Also known as bakers yeast and brewers yeast. 
    • A. 

      Saccharomyces

    • B. 

      S. cerevisae

    • C. 

      Saccharomyces Cerevisiae

    • D. 

      Cyclosporine

  • 59. 
    Antibiotics that were created from fungus include the first discovered antibiotic penicillin, cholesterol lowering drugs, and _______ a drug used to suppress immune the system after organ transplants 
    • A. 

      Saccharomyces

    • B. 

      Cyclosporine

    • C. 

      Cerevisae

    • D. 

      Coccidiodomycosis

  • 60. 
    Fungus compounds extracted from ergots are used to reduce high blood pressure and stop maternal bleeding after childbirth. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    _______ is used to study molecular genetics of eukaryotes because its cells are easy to culture and manipulate; studies include Huntingtons disease and Parkinson's disease genes 
    • A. 

      Cyclosporine

    • B. 

      Cerevisae

    • C. 

      Saccharomyces

    • D. 

      Penicillin

  • 62. 
    _____ produce insulin growth like factors
    • A. 

      Penicillin

    • B. 

      Cyclosporine

    • C. 

      Saccharomyces

    • D. 

      S. cerevisae

  • 63. 
    Phylum Chytrides consist of 
    • A. 

      Penicillium

    • B. 

      Rhizopus (black bread mold)

    • C. 

      Zoospores

    • D. 

      Mushrooms

    • E. 

      "fairy ring"

    • F. 

      Zygospores

    • G. 

      Sac fungi

    • H. 

      Includes morels and truffles

    • I. 

      Club fungi

    • J. 

      Fast growing molds responsible for causing foods such as bread, peaches, strawberries, and sweet potatoes to rot during storage.

    • K. 

      Aspergillus

  • 64. 
    Phylum Zygomycotes includes which of the following 
    • A. 

      Penicillium

    • B. 

      Rhizopus

    • C. 

      Zoospores

    • D. 

      Mushrooms

    • E. 

      "fairy ring"

    • F. 

      Zygospores

    • G. 

      Sac fungi

    • H. 

      Includes morels and truffles

    • I. 

      Club fungi

    • J. 

      Fast growing molds responsible for causing foods such as bread, peaches, strawberries, and sweet potatoes to rot during storage.

    • K. 

      Aspergillus

  • 65. 
    Phylum Ascomycetes includes which of the following 
    • A. 

      Penicillium

    • B. 

      Rhizopus (black bread mold)

    • C. 

      Zoospores

    • D. 

      Mushrooms

    • E. 

      "fairy ring"

    • F. 

      Zygospores

    • G. 

      Sac fungi

    • H. 

      Includes morels and truffles

    • I. 

      Club fungi

    • J. 

      Fast growing molds responsible for causing foods such as bread, peaches, strawberries, and sweet potatoes to rot during storage.

    • K. 

      Aspergillus

  • 66. 
    Phylum Basidiomycetes includes which of the following 
    • A. 

      Penicillium

    • B. 

      Rhizopus (black bread mold)

    • C. 

      Zoospores

    • D. 

      Mushrooms

    • E. 

      "fairy ring"

    • F. 

      Zygospores

    • G. 

      Sac fungi

    • H. 

      Includes morels and truffles

    • I. 

      Club fungi

    • J. 

      Fast growing molds responsible for causing foods such as bread, peaches, strawberries, and sweet potatoes to rot during storage.

    • K. 

      Aspergillus