Test_1_muscles_abdomen

26 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Muscles of the abdomen are divided into:
    • A. 

      Superficial and profundus (deep)

    • B. 

      Anterior, medial and lateral

    • C. 

      Heterochtonnous and autochtonnous

    • D. 

      Anterior, lateral and posterior

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 2. 
    To the abdominal muscles don´t belong:
    • A. 

      M. pyramidalis

    • B. 

      M. rectus abdominis

    • C. 

      M. quadriceps lumborum

    • D. 

      M. transversus abdominis

    • E. 

      All mentioned muscles belong to the abdominal mauscles

  • 3. 
    Function of the abdominal muscles is not:
    • A. 

      Flexion of the trunk

    • B. 

      Abdominal press

    • C. 

      Auxiliary respiratory muscles

    • D. 

      Dorsiflexion of the trunk

    • E. 

      Flexion at the hip joint

  • 4. 
    M. rectus abdominis:
    • A. 

      Its function is dorsiflexion of the trunk

    • B. 

      Anteriorly is covered by fascia transversalis

    • C. 

      Is crossed by 7-8 fibrous bands, intersectiones tendineae

    • D. 

      Takes a fan-shaped

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 5. 
    M. rectus abdominis:
    • A. 

      The right and left muscles are met with one another at linea alba

    • B. 

      Is crossed by 3 intersectiones tendineae

    • C. 

      Arises from the cartilages of the lower three ribs

    • D. 

      Arises from processus xiphoideus

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 6. 
    Intersectiones tendinae:
    • A. 

      Are aponeuroses of the abdominal muscles

    • B. 

      Are connected processus xyphoideus and symphysis

    • C. 

      Are inserted fibrous bands in m. transversus abdominis

    • D. 

      Are in number 3-4 fibrous bands in m. rectus abdominis

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 7. 
    Linea alba:
    • A. 

      Lies laterally to m. rectus abdominis

    • B. 

      Is strengthened fibrous band that is connected with the inguinal ligament

    • C. 

      Runs from spina iliaca anterior superior to symphysis

    • D. 

      Runs from processus xyphoideus to symphysis

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 8. 
    Vagina m. recti abdominis is not formed by:
    • A. 

      Aponeurosis of m. obliquus int. abdominis

    • B. 

      Fascia transversalis

    • C. 

      Aponeurosis of m. obliquus ext. abdominis

    • D. 

      Aponeurosis of m. transversus abdominis

    • E. 

      Is formed by all mentioned structures

  • 9. 
    Ligamentum inguinale:
    • A. 

      Running from spina iliaca ant. inf. to tuberculum pubicum

    • B. 

      Above it (inguinal ligament) lies lacuna musculorum

    • C. 

      Forms lower margin of the inguinal canal

    • D. 

      Is formed by aponeurosis of m. obliquus int. abdominis

    • E. 

      All statements are correct

  • 10. 
    Lig. inguinale is lower margin of:
    • A. 

      Aponeurosis of m. transversus abdominis

    • B. 

      Aponeurosis of m. obliquus int. abdominis

    • C. 

      Fascia transversalis

    • D. 

      Aponeurosis of m. obliquus ext. abdominis

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 11. 
    M. obliquus internus abdominis:
    • A. 

      Forms anterior wall of the inguinal canal

    • B. 

      Medially continues into the aponeurosis, which is divided into anterior and posterior lamina

    • C. 

      Originates at the last three ribs

    • D. 

      Doesn´t contribute to flexion of the trunk

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 12. 
    M. transversus abdominis:
    • A. 

      Belongs to posterior group of the abdominal muscles

    • B. 

      Its caudal part is continued as the m. pyramidalis

    • C. 

      Originates at thorakolumbal fascia

    • D. 

      Contributes to anteflexion of the trunk

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 13. 
    Anulus inguinalis superficialis is:
    • A. 

      Opening in transversal fascia

    • B. 

      Opening in aponeurosis of m. obliquus int. abdominis

    • C. 

      Opening in aponeurosis of m. transversus abdominis

    • D. 

      Lies laterally to anulus inguinalis profundus

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 14. 
    Upper wall of inquinal canal is formed by:
    • A. 

      Fascia of m. transversus abdominis

    • B. 

      Lower margin of m. obliquus int. abdominis et m. transversus abdominis

    • C. 

      Fleshy fibres of m. obliquus ext. abdominis

    • D. 

      Fascia transversalis

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 15. 
    The posterior wall of inguinal canal is formed by:
    • A. 

      Aponeurosis of m. obliquus int. abdominis

    • B. 

      M. transversus abdominis

    • C. 

      Ligamentum inguinale

    • D. 

      Fascia transversalis

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 16. 
    Inferior margin of inguinal canal is formed by:
    • A. 

      Lig. interfoveolare

    • B. 

      M. transversus abdominis

    • C. 

      M. cremaster

    • D. 

      Lig. inguinale

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 17. 
    Canalis inguinalis:
    • A. 

      Hernia that exits the abdominal cavity is known as umbilical hernia

    • B. 

      Is situated below ligamentum inguinale

    • C. 

      Is about 10-12 cm long

    • D. 

      Is a slit-like aperture in the anterior abdominal wall

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 18. 
    Anterior wall of inguinal canal is formed by:
    • A. 

      Fascia transversalis

    • B. 

      Aponeurosis of m. obliquus ext. abdominis

    • C. 

      Aponeurosis of m. obliquus int. abdominis

    • D. 

      Fascia abdominis superficialis

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 19. 
    M. quadratus lumborum:
    • A. 

      Belongs to lateral group of the abdominal muscles

    • B. 

      Unilateral contraction leads to anteflexion of the trunk trupu

    • C. 

      Originates at fascia thorakolumbalis

    • D. 

      Bilateral contraction leads to retroflexion of the trunk

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 20. 
    To fascias of the abdominal muscles belong:
    • A. 

      Fascia abdominis superficialis

    • B. 

      Fascia endothoracica

    • C. 

      Fascia m. rectus abdominis

    • D. 

      Fascia m. quadratus lumborum

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 21. 
    Mark the correct statement:
    • A. 

      M. quadriceps lumborum is attached to the inquinal ligament

    • B. 

      Fibers of the internal oblique abdominal muscle direct anteroinferiorly (mediocaudally)

    • C. 

      M. obliguus ext. abdominis is auxiliary inspiratory muscle

    • D. 

      M. obliquus int. abdominis forms a superficial muscular layer of abdomen

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 22. 
    Rotation to the opposite side follows by contraction of:
    • A. 

      M. transversus abdominis

    • B. 

      M. obliquus int. abdominis

    • C. 

      M. obliquus ext. abdominis

    • D. 

      M. quadratus lumborum

    • E. 

      None of mentioned muscles

  • 23. 
    Which muscle/s participate/s in the abdominal press:
    • A. 

      M. obliquus ext. abdominis

    • B. 

      M. obliquus int. abdominis

    • C. 

      M. transversus abdominis

    • D. 

      M. rectus abdominis

    • E. 

      All mentioned muscles

  • 24. 
    Mark the correct statement:
    • A. 

      Linea alba is a fascia

    • B. 

      Inguinal ligament is a caudal margin of the external oblique abdominal muscle

    • C. 

      Fibers of the internal oblique abdominal muscle direct anteroinferiorly (mediocaudally)

    • D. 

      Quadratus lumborum muscle is attached to the inquinal ligament

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 25. 
    Mark the correct statement:
    • A. 

      The rectus abdominis muscle is largely enclosed in the rectus sheath, formed by the fasciae of the three flat abdominal muscles

    • B. 

      Oblique internal abdominal muscle is attached to the xiphoid process of the sternum

    • C. 

      Linea alba is a tendinous raphe stretching from the xiphoid process to the symphysis pubis

    • D. 

      The dorsal inferior 1/3 of the rectus sheath (vagina m. recti abdominis) is aponeurotic

    • E. 

      No statement is correct

  • 26. 
    Mark the correct statement:
    • A. 

      Most of fleshy fibers of m. obliquus externus abdominis run anteroinferiorly (mediocaudally)

    • B. 

      The posterior lamina of the rectus sheath is formed only by fascia transversalis cranially to the umbilicus

    • C. 

      Aponeurosis of m. quadratus lumborum contributes to the anterior layer of the rectus sheath (vagina m. recti abdominis)

    • D. 

      ligamentum inguinale is the inferior margin of m. obliquus internus abdominis

    • E. 

      No statement is correct