Earth Science 2013

42 Questions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Tiny atomic particle that has a positive electrical charge
    • A. 

      Atoms

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 2. 
    The smallest particle of an element; the basic building block of matter
    • A. 

      Atoms

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 3. 
    Tiny atomic particle that has no electrical charge
    • A. 

      Atoms

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 4. 
    Tiny atomic particle with little mass and a negative electrical charge
    • A. 

      Atoms

    • B. 

      Protons

    • C. 

      Neutrons

    • D. 

      Electrons

  • 5. 
    A scientific theory is a testable explanation or answer to a question.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    The International Measurement System is affectionately called
    • A. 

      GPS

    • B. 

      Longitude

    • C. 

      Latitude

    • D. 

      SI

  • 7. 
    Distance in degrees north or south of the equator is known as
    • A. 

      GPS

    • B. 

      Longitude

    • C. 

      Latitude

    • D. 

      SI

  • 8. 
    A mixture refers to
    • A. 

      The smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics of that element

    • B. 

      A combination of substances in which individual parts retain their own properties

    • C. 

      The movement of particles from area of high concentration to lower concentration

    • D. 

      A mixture in which one or more substances are evenly distributed in another substance

  • 9. 
    A solution is
    • A. 

      A combination of substances in which individual parts retain their own properties

    • B. 

      The movement of particles from area of high concentration to lower concentration

    • C. 

      A mixture in which one or more substances are evenly distributed in another substance

    • D. 

      The smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics

  • 10. 
    An atom is
    • A. 

      The smallest particle of an element that has the characteristics of that element

    • B. 

      A combination of substances in which individual parts retain their own properties

    • C. 

      The movement of particles from area of high concentration to lower concentration

    • D. 

      A mixture in which one or more substances are evenly distributed in another substance

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Magnetism

    • B. 

      Gravity

    • C. 

      Friction

    • D. 

      Light

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      Polar

    • B. 

      Temperate

    • C. 

      Tropical

    • D. 

      Desert

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Precipitation

    • B. 

      Hydrolysis

    • C. 

      Oxidation

    • D. 

      Humidity

  • 14. 
    In Earth Science, exfoliation is the stripping away of a rocks outer layers, much like the peels of an onion.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Sedimentary rocks are formed when existing rocks are subjected to high temperatures and pressure, causing compositional changes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Greater surface area speeds the process of weathering.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    Soil is composed entirely of abiotic factors.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Soils are being formed in all ecosystems at rapid rates, thus they are a very renewable resource.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Chemical weathering is the process of rocks breaking down into smaller and smaller pieces, and even different shapes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Diamonds are found in a type of igneous intrusion known as kimberlites.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    When rock cools slowly beneath Earth's surface small crystals form.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Igneous rocks  can be intrusive or extrusive.  Extrusive rocks form beneath Earth's crust.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    An aquifer is a
    • A. 

      Land area drained by a stream system

    • B. 

      Broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streams bank that may be covered with water

    • C. 

      Irregular topography with sinkholes, sinks, and sinking streams caused by dissolution of limestone

    • D. 

      Permeable underground layer through which water flows easily

  • 24. 
    A Karst formation consists of
    • A. 

      Land area drained by a stream system

    • B. 

      Broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streams bank that may be covered with water

    • C. 

      Irregular topography with sinkholes, sinks, and sinking streams caused by dissolution of limestone

    • D. 

      Permeable underground layer through which water flows easily

  • 25. 
    A flood plain is a
    • A. 

      Land area drained by a stream system

    • B. 

      Broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streams bank that may be covered with water

    • C. 

      Irregular topography with sinkholes, sinks, and sinking streams caused by dissolution of limestone

    • D. 

      Permeable underground layer through which water flows easily

  • 26. 
    A watershed is a
    • A. 

      Land area drained by a stream system

    • B. 

      Broad, flat, fertile area extending out from a streams bank that may be covered with water

    • C. 

      Irregular topography with sinkholes, sinks, and sinking streams caused by dissolution of limestone

    • D. 

      Permeable underground layer through which water flows easily

  • 27. 
    The earth rotates once every
    • A. 

      Day

    • B. 

      Month

    • C. 

      Season

    • D. 

      Year

  • 28. 
    The earth revolves once every
    • A. 

      Day

    • B. 

      Month

    • C. 

      Season

    • D. 

      Year

  • 29. 
    A rocket-launched spacecraft, used to make repeated journeys
    • A. 

      Space shuttle

    • B. 

      Space station

    • C. 

      Space probe

    • D. 

      Satellite

  • 30. 
    An artificial body placed in orbit in order to collect information or for communication
    • A. 

      Space shuttle

    • B. 

      Space station

    • C. 

      Space probe

    • D. 

      Satellite

  • 31. 
    A rocket-propelled guided missile that can escape earth's atmosphere, used to make observations of the solar system
    • A. 

      Space shuttle

    • B. 

      Space station

    • C. 

      Space probe

    • D. 

      Satellite

  • 32. 
    A large artificial satellite used as a long-term base for manned operations in space
    • A. 

      Space shuttle

    • B. 

      Space probe

    • C. 

      Space station

    • D. 

      Satellite

  • 33. 
    The visible path of a meteoroid that has entered the Earth's atmosphere is called
    • A. 

      An asteroid

    • B. 

      A meteoroid

    • C. 

      A meteor

    • D. 

      A meteorite

  • 34. 
    A solid object moving in interplanetary space, larger than an atom but smaller than an asteroid is 
    • A. 

      The asteroid belt

    • B. 

      A meteoroid

    • C. 

      A meteorite

    • D. 

      A meteor

  • 35. 
    A natural object originating in outer space that survives impact with the Earth's surface is
    • A. 

      An asteroid

    • B. 

      A meteoroid

    • C. 

      A meteorite

    • D. 

      A meteor

  • 36. 
    The word heliocentric means Earth-centered.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    This instrument measures air pressure
    • A. 

      Thermometers

    • B. 

      Barometers

    • C. 

      Radiosondes

    • D. 

      Radar

    • E. 

      Satellites

    • F. 

      Anemometer

    • G. 

      Hygrometer

    • H. 

      Windvane

  • 38. 
    This instrument measures wind direction
    • A. 

      Thermometers

    • B. 

      Barometers

    • C. 

      Radiosondes

    • D. 

      Radar

    • E. 

      Satellites

    • F. 

      Anemometer

    • G. 

      Hygrometer

    • H. 

      Windvane

  • 39. 
    This instrument measures air humidity
    • A. 

      Thermometers

    • B. 

      Barometers

    • C. 

      Radiosondes

    • D. 

      Radar

    • E. 

      Satellites

    • F. 

      Anemometer

    • G. 

      Hygrometer

    • H. 

      Windvane

  • 40. 
    The upper layer of a body of water which allows enough sunlight for photosynthesis to occur.
    • A. 

      Neritic zone

    • B. 

      Intertidal zone

    • C. 

      Photic zone

    • D. 

      Aphotic zone

  • 41. 
    The Jet Stream is a phenomena with strong, extrememly dry off shore winds that usually occur in late fall and winter.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    The water in a hot spring is heated by
    • A. 

      Magma

    • B. 

      Lava

    • C. 

      Sunlight

    • D. 

      Radioactive decay of minerals