Westward Expansion Test Quiz 5th

35 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Westward Expansion Test Quiz 5th

36a - analyze the establishment and growth of the University of Georgia, Louisville, and the spread of Baptist and Methodist churches. 36b - evaluate the impact of land policies pursued by Georgia to include the headright system, land lotteries, and the Yazoo land fraud. 36c - defend how technological developments impacted Georgia’s growth to include the cotton gin and railroads. 36d - analyze the events that led to the removal of the Creeks and Cherokees including the roles of Alexander McGillivray, William McIntosh, Sequoyah, John Ross, the Dahlonega Gold Rush, Worcester v. Georgia, Andrew Jackson, John Marshall, and the Trail of Tears


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The capital of Georgia has changed five times in the history of the state.  In what two directions has the capital city moved?
    • A. 

      West and North

    • B. 

      East and North

    • C. 

      West and South

    • D. 

      East and South

  • 2. 
    Why was Louisville chosen as Georgia’s capital in 1786?
    • A. 

      Louisville was the state’s largest city

    • B. 

      Louisville was more centrally located

    • C. 

      Louisville was the most important center for trade

    • D. 

      Louisville played an important role in the American Revolution

  • 3. 
    Which denomination of Christianity used traveling ministers called circuit riders to spread Christianity throughout the frontier region?
    • A. 

      Baptist

    • B. 

      Catholic

    • C. 

      Anglican

    • D. 

      Methodist

  • 4. 
    Which statement BEST describes a “land grant university”, such as the University of Georgia?
    • A. 

      The land for the college was donated by the federal government

    • B. 

      The land could not be used for any purpose other than a college

    • C. 

      The college was a public university with free tuition to state residents

    • D. 

      The college was established as an agricultural college to improve farming

  • 5. 
    Name the five Georgia cities that have served as the capital of Georgia.
    • A. 

      Savannah, Augusta, Louisville, Milledgeville, and Atlanta

    • B. 

      Waycross, Athens, Macon Savannah, and Dalton

    • C. 

      Atlanta, Macon, Savannah, Augusta and Columbus

    • D. 

      Clarksville, Albany, Atlanta, Macon and Savannah

  • 6. 
    Explain why the capital of Georgia kept moving?
    • A. 

      Politicians kept accepting bribes to move the capital

    • B. 

      As the population of Georgia continued to expand westward and farther from Savannah and the coast, the capital moved to be more centrally located

    • C. 

      The Georgia Constitution stated that the capital should move every 5 years

    • D. 

      The towns that served as capitals asked to no longer serve as the capital of the state due to the overwhelming number of politicians that flooded into their peaceful cities

  • 7. 
    What were the two largest church denominations in Georgia by 1860?
    • A. 

      Baptist and Jewish

    • B. 

      Methodist and Baptist

    • C. 

      Episcopal and Catholic

    • D. 

      Episcopal and Methodist

  • 8. 
    What was the purpose of the headright system in Georgia?
    • A. 

      It distributed Indian lands to new settlers

    • B. 

      It administered voting and election districts

    • C. 

      It established a method of counting population

    • D. 

      It provided an organized system of collecting taxes

  • 9. 
    What scandal took place when Georgia’s governor and some legislators were bribed to sell public land to private developers at cheap prices?
    • A. 

      Georgia’s land lottery

    • B. 

      Yazoo Land Fraud

    • C. 

      Mississippi Land Fraud

    • D. 

      Trail of Tears

  • 10. 
    What was the purpose of the land lottery?
    • A. 

      The state wanted good citizens to settle western lands that were once Cherokee and farm them

    • B. 

      The state wanted to establish good relationships with the Indians through agriculture

    • C. 

      The state wanted the people to introduce new crops

    • D. 

      Georgia wanted to build a defense buffer between its settlers, and California

  • 11. 
    Which was NOT a requirement to participate in the land lottery?
    • A. 

      White male

    • B. 

      Age 21

    • C. 

      Black male

    • D. 

      Widow

  • 12. 
    As a result of the Yazoo land fraud, the state of Georgia lost legitimate claims to lands in present-day Alabama and Mississippi.  The new western boundary of Georgia moved from the Mississippi River to the
    • A. 

      Savannah River

    • B. 

      Chattahoochee River

    • C. 

      Oconee River

    • D. 

      Ocmulgee River

  • 13. 
    Which answer choice is a reasonable conclusion about the statement below? This system needs to be replaced!  It is unfair that because my wife and I only had two children we only get 300 acres of land.
    • A. 

      The statement is criticizing the land lottery.

    • B. 

      The statement is criticizing the headright system.

    • C. 

      The statement is supporting fact that the headright system is more fair than the land lottery.

    • D. 

      The statement is explaining why slavery should be made illegal.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following people would have been eligible to participate in the land lottery?
    • A. 

      A woman whose husband was still alive and gave her a ticket for the land lottery

    • B. 

      The daughter of a wealthy farmer who still lived at home with her parents.

    • C. 

      A 40 year old man who had fought in the Revolutionary War.

    • D. 

      A 16 year old boy who wanted to move off of his parents’ farm and start his own business.

  • 15. 
    How can the following be categorized? ·         Many of Georgia’s legislators were eventually removed from office. ·         The federal government paid $1.25 million for Georgia to cede its western land. ·         Georgia lost land      
    • A. 

      Results of the Yazoo Land Fraud

    • B. 

      Results of the Oconee War

    • C. 

      Causes of the Yazoo Land Fraud

    • D. 

      Reasons why Georgia wanted to declare independence from Great Britain

  • 16. 
    What is the benefit of Eli Whitney’s cotton gin?
    • A. 

      It was used as a disinfectant in surgeries

    • B. 

      It separated the seeds from cotton fiber

    • C. 

      It made farm labor less needed

    • D. 

      It allowed many farmers to retire

  • 17. 
    The cotton gin had which of the following effects on Georgia?
    • A. 

      It made harvesting cotton easier so that slaves were no longer needed

    • B. 

      It made cleaning cotton more efficient and increased the state’s dependence on slavery

    • C. 

      It caused many mills to close and go out of business

    • D. 

      It made it harder for large plantation owners to make money

  • 18. 
    In the early 1800’s, what development allowed the South’s economy to grow the most?
    • A. 

      Mechanical reaper

    • B. 

      Cow milking technology

    • C. 

      Railroads

    • D. 

      Automobiles

  • 19. 
    What is the comment below referring to?   “After our cotton was loaded into the train containers, the conductor said it would reach its destination in only 7 hours. It would have taken 4 days to reach the same destination just one year ago.”
    • A. 

      The speed and efficiency of the railroads

    • B. 

      The amount of money that a conductor makes in a day

    • C. 

      The long wait farmers had to get their mail

    • D. 

      Cotton being transported at a slow pace

  • 20. 
    The first gold rush in America took place in Georgia.  What is the name of the location where those looking to get rich could find the large deposits of gold?
    • A. 

      Dahlonega

    • B. 

      Dalton

    • C. 

      Blue Ridge

    • D. 

      New Echota

  • 21. 
    In the U.S. Supreme Court case of Worcester v. Georgia, Chief Justice John Marshall ______________
    • A. 

      Said that Georgia had the right to take Cherokee lands.

    • B. 

      Said that President Jackson should make a ruling in this case.

    • C. 

      Said that the Cherokee Nation had no right to sue in the United States’ courts.

    • D. 

      Said that Georgia laws do not apply in the Cherokee territory.

  • 22. 
    The Treaty of Indian Springs ceded the last of the Creeks’ lands in Georgia to the federal government.  Which Creek leader signed the Treaty of Indian Springs and was later killed by his own people for signing this treaty?
    • A. 

      John Ross

    • B. 

      Elias Boudinot

    • C. 

      William McIntosh

    • D. 

      Alexander McGillivray

  • 23. 
    What was one effect of the Trail of Tears?
    • A. 

      The Cherokee capital was moved to New Echota.

    • B. 

      The Cherokee were granted full rights as citizens.

    • C. 

      The Cherokee were removed from their land in Georgia.

    • D. 

      The Cherokee published the first Native American newspaper.

  • 24. 
    Which Cherokee Chief went to Washington, DC to fight the removal of the Cherokee form north Georgia?
    • A. 

      John Ross

    • B. 

      William McIntosh

    • C. 

      John Marshall

    • D. 

      Alexander McGillivray

  • 25. 
    Working with President George Washington, which Creek leader signed the Treaty of New York, giving up all of the Creek’s land east of the Oconee River?
    • A. 

      John Ross

    • B. 

      Elias Boudinot

    • C. 

      William McIntosh

    • D. 

      Alexander McGillivray

  • 26. 
    What would be the next likely event in the sequence:   Sequoyah is interested in “talking leaves” -> Began work on a syllabary -> Completed 85 symbols ->  
    • A. 

      The Cherokee Phoenix began printing.

    • B. 

      The Trail of Tears began.

    • C. 

      Sequoyah was killed by his own people.

    • D. 

      Sequoyah began teaching his syllabary at the University of Georgia.

  • 27. 
    The state of Georgia began to try to remove the Cherokee for which reason?
    • A. 

      The Cherokee were a fierce, warlike tribe whom settlers feared.

    • B. 

      Missionaries to the Cherokee said they needed to be relocated.

    • C. 

      The Cherokee tried to take land belonging to the white settlers.

    • D. 

      White settlers wanted the land on which the Cherokee lived.

  • 28. 
    The Treaty of Indian Springs was to the Creeks, as ___________________ was to the Cherokee.
    • A. 

      Worcester v. Georgia

    • B. 

      Treaty of New Echota

    • C. 

      Treaty of New York

    • D. 

      Marshall v. Jackson

  • 29. 
    Who is best described by the following descriptions? ·         President of the United States ·         Ignored the Supreme Court’s ruling in Worcester v. Georgia ·         Sent troops to forcibly remove the Cherokee from their lands  
    • A. 

      John Marshall

    • B. 

      Andrew Jackson

    • C. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • D. 

      John Adams

  • 30. 
    Causes
    • White settlers are hungry to grow more cotton
    • Georgia is giving away land in the western section of the state.  
    • Gold is discovered in the mountains of Georgia.
    28.) Which statement BEST describes the effect of these causes?
    • A. 

      The University of Georgia is created to offer white males a college level education.

    • B. 

      The legislature gets involved with the Yazoo land fraud case and loses land for Georgia.

    • C. 

      Religious circuit riders do not have to travel as far to either start new churches or spread their religious messages.

    • D. 

      The Creeks and Cherokees are forced to give up the lands that have belonged to them for generations.

  • 31. 
       In what year did the Creeks first cede land to the Europeans?
    • A. 

      1733

    • B. 

      1793

    • C. 

      1827

    • D. 

      1835

  • 32. 
    By what year had Europeans completed the removal of the Creeks from Georgia?
    • A. 

      1763

    • B. 

      1814

    • C. 

      1827

    • D. 

      1835

  • 33. 
    The largest land cession from the Cherokee was in what year?  
    • A. 

      1763

    • B. 

      1814

    • C. 

      1821

    • D. 

      1835- 1836

  • 34. 
    There are several popular stories of the beginning of Georgia’s gold rush, but in fact, no one is really certain who made the first discovery or when.  According to one story, John Witherwoods found a three-ounce nugget along Duke’s Creek in White County.  Another says that Jesse Hogan, a prospector from North Carolina, found gold on Ward’s Creek near Dahlonega.  Yet another finds a young Benjamin Parks kicking up an unusual stone while on the lookout for deer west of the Chestatee River in 1828.  Regardless of who actually found the first gold, once word got out about the discovery, the first major gold rush in U.S. history began in the hills of North Georgia and the Cherokee Indians’ time in Georgia was coming to an end. Based on the passage, what was a cause for Indian removal from Georgia?
    • A. 

      Benjamin Parks was hunting so many deer that food became scarce.

    • B. 

      The need for more land by white Georgians moving west led to conflict.

    • C. 

      None of those who claimed to discover the gold were Cherokee.

    • D. 

      Gold was discovered in North Georgia

  • 35. 
    There are several popular stories of the beginning of Georgia’s gold rush, but in fact, no one is really certain who made the first discovery or when.  According to one story, John Witherwoods found a three-ounce nugget along Duke’s Creek in White County.  Another says that Jesse Hogan, a prospector from North Carolina, found gold on Ward’s Creek near Dahlonega.  Yet another finds a young Benjamin Parks kicking up an unusual stone while on the lookout for deer west of the Chestatee River in 1828.  Regardless of who actually found the first gold, once word got out about the discovery, the first major gold rush in U.S. history began in the hills of North Georgia and the Cherokee Indians’ time in Georgia was coming to an end. What was the significance of the claims made by the three men discovering gold?
    • A. 

      Although there were conflicting claims, they generated enough interest that led to the first major gold rush.

    • B. 

      Since there were conflicting stories, interest in North Georgia was slow to grow.

    • C. 

      Cherokees were relieved to know that gold was found on their land.

    • D. 

      Gold discovered in North Georgia lead to a partnership between the Cherokee and the white Georgia settle