EMT 151

139 Questions

Settings
EMT Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Inotropic refers to?
    • A. 

  • 2. 
    Anovulation is defined by which of the following?
    • A. 

      The failure to ovulate; ovulatory failure

    • B. 

      Excessive ovulation

    • C. 

      Failure to produce a sperm

    • D. 

      Failure to form a zygote

  • 3. 
    Which artery is palpated under the bicep in small children?
    • A. 

      Brachial

    • B. 

      Radial

    • C. 

      Carotid

    • D. 

      Popliteal

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is not considered to be one of the three stages of labor
    • A. 

      Dilation stage

    • B. 

      Expulsion stage

    • C. 

      Placental stage

    • D. 

      Bloody show stage

  • 5. 
    Seesaw breathing is indicative of respiratory distress in which type of patien
    • A. 

      Infants

    • B. 

      Fetus

    • C. 

      Adults

    • D. 

      Geriatrics

  • 6. 
    You are preparing transport for a 33 year-old patient who is 8 months pregnant. Proper postion for this patient is?
    • A. 

      On her left or right side

    • B. 

      Supine with the legs elevated

    • C. 

      Sitting up

    • D. 

      Prone

  • 7. 
    You are called to 36 year old female who is having labor pains. She appears to be in active labor and as you inspect the vagina, she begins to bleed excessively prior to crowning. You should immediately
    • A. 

      Treat with high-flow O2 and rapid transportation. Place a sanitary napkin over the vaginal opening

    • B. 

      Treat with high-flow O2 and rapid transportation. Gently place a sanitary napkin in the vagina, and replace it every few minutes as needed

    • C. 

      Massage the uterus to slow bleeding

    • D. 

      Deliver the fetus and control any bleeding

  • 8. 
    Your patient is a 5 year old male, who hit his head on a rock after falling from a tree. Compared to an adult with head trauma, he is more likely to exhibit which of the following signs or symptoms?
    • A. 

      Altered Mental Status

    • B. 

      Vomiting

    • C. 

      Bradycardia

    • D. 

      Tachycardia

  • 9. 
    Endometriosis is best defined as which of the following definitions?
    • A. 

      An abnormal obstetrical complication of abortion

    • B. 

      Dysmenorrhea and mittelschmerz

    • C. 

      Ectopic growth and functioning of endometrial tissue

    • D. 

      Sterility of male partners with HPV infected females

  • 10. 
    The most common place for an ectopic pregnancy to occur is where?
    • A. 

      Fallopian tubes

    • B. 

      Abdominal cavity

    • C. 

      Bladder

    • D. 

      Placenta

  • 11. 
    A 36 year old woman has 4 kids, a history of 2 miscarriages, and is curently pregnant. She would fit which gravida para score?
    • A. 

      Gravida 7 Para 4

    • B. 

      Gravida 6 Para 4

    • C. 

      Gravida 4 Para 6

    • D. 

      Gravida 4 Para 7

  • 12. 
    It is extremely important that EMTs know the limitation of their tools and equipment. The preferred mode of transporting a patient over a large amount of rough terrain, such as a hiking trail, to an ambulance is?
    • A. 

      A portable stretcher

    • B. 

      A basket stretcher

    • C. 

      A scoop (orthopedic) stretcher

    • D. 

      A rigid backboard

  • 13. 
    You are carrying a 33 year old male patient with a suspected spinal injury on a backboard. The backboard should be carried so that the patient is oriented which direction?
    • A. 

      Head first

    • B. 

      Feet first

    • C. 

      In a position of comfort

    • D. 

      On their side

  • 14. 
    Age and gender are important considerations when assesing a patient. If a patient is unconscious it may be necessary to go through their wallet to ascertain the information. In doing so, it is important that?
    • A. 

      Another EMT or law enforcement is on the scene

    • B. 

      You do not move the patient to access the information

    • C. 

      You only look for the information pertaining to their age and gender

    • D. 

      You document the contents of the wallet including the amount of cash found

  • 15. 
    One of the major sets of rules in the United States protecting privacy is known as HIPAA. This stands for?
    • A. 

      Health Information Privacy and Association Act

    • B. 

      Health Integrated Patient Accountability Act

    • C. 

      Health Information for Patient Accountability Act

    • D. 

      Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

  • 16. 
    You are called to an urban apartment where a woman has burns, bruises, and cuts on most of her torso, arms, and face. The carpet is black with ash and soot. She is lying supine, grasping a baseball bat. The house is completely quiet, except for the woman's moaning. She is responsive to pain onnly. You must first?
    • A. 

      Perform a rapid trauma assessment

    • B. 

      Check for scene safety

    • C. 

      Assess airway

    • D. 

      Determine level of alertness

  • 17. 
    You are at the scene of a car accident that included two vehicles. One of the vehicles was relatively undamaged and the passengers were conscious and treated for minor scratches. The other vehicle had one patient, with a minor concussion and several injuries to her chest and torso. What is the most important safety measure that an EMT can take to ensure the health and safety of the EMT and patients?
    • A. 

      Place a mask on all passengers in both vehicles

    • B. 

      Taking standard precautions when treating the patients

    • C. 

      Putting gloves on the patients before treating the patients injuries

    • D. 

      Make note of all dangers on the scene, such as traffic and bystanders

  • 18. 
    Who is responsible for receiving information of potential emergencies and sending the appropriate resources?
    • A. 

      Emergcency Department

    • B. 

      Police Department

    • C. 

      Dispatch

    • D. 

      Public

  • 19. 
    The CHART format is a way of writing Prehospital Care Reports. What does the A in CHART stand for?
    • A. 

      Assessment

    • B. 

      Amount

    • C. 

      AVPU

    • D. 

      Airway

  • 20. 
    You are dispatched to 4 calls during your shift. Which one would you not respond to with your lights and sirens on?
    • A. 

      Shortness of breath

    • B. 

      Chest Pain

    • C. 

      Vehicle vs. Pedestrian

    • D. 

      Possible wrist fracture

  • 21. 
    The person contacted when a citizen dials 911 is who?
    • A. 

      Emergency Medical Dispatcher

    • B. 

      Ambulance driver

    • C. 

      Fire Department

    • D. 

      Police Officer

  • 22. 
    Your 8-year-old male patient has steady flowing dark red blood coming from a laceration to his arm. You note that this type of bleeding is most likely?
    • A. 

      Arterial

    • B. 

      Capillary

    • C. 

      Venous

  • 23. 
    A reduction of hemoglobin content in the blood to such a degree that the body is no longer able to get the appropriate amount of oxygen to support itself is known as?
    • A. 

      Carboxyhemoglobin

    • B. 

      Anemia

    • C. 

      Iron deficiency

    • D. 

      Diabetes

  • 24. 
    When dealing with a penetrating eye injury, which side do you want to bandage?
    • A. 

      Affected eye

    • B. 

      Unaffected Eye

    • C. 

      Both eyes

    • D. 

      Neither eyes

  • 25. 
    A fractured pelvis can retain up to how much blood in an adult?
    • A. 

      1,000 mL

    • B. 

      1,500 mL

    • C. 

      2,000 mL

    • D. 

      2,500 mL

  • 26. 
    The P in AVPU stands for what?
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Pallor

    • C. 

      Palliate

    • D. 

      Patient

  • 27. 
    AED stands for which of the following?
    • A. 

      Automatic external defibrillator

    • B. 

      Automatic ectopic defibrillator

    • C. 

      Automated external defibrillator

    • D. 

      Automated ectopic defibrillator

  • 28. 
    Preload of the heart refers to?
    • A. 

      The amount of blood remaining in the atria after the heart contracts

    • B. 

      The volume of blood returning to the heart after diastole

    • C. 

      The amount of blood ejected from the ventricles with each contraction

    • D. 

      The pressure placed upon the ventricles

  • 29. 
    You are called to a scene where a man has been struck by lightning and is lying in the rain. He is pulseless and apneic. You immediately begin CPR. The AED should be used on the patient?
    • A. 

      Immediately

    • B. 

      After the patient has been removed from the rain and dried off

    • C. 

      Only if the patient does not have a pacemaker

    • D. 

      An AED should not be used on this patient because his heart was likely damaged from the electric shock of lightning

  • 30. 
    Which of the following is NOT a contraindication to Aspirin?
    • A. 

      Hypersensitivity

    • B. 

      Active bleeding

    • C. 

      Pregnancy

    • D. 

      GERD

  • 31. 
    Cardiac output can be defined as?
    • A. 

      Stroke volune X heart rate

    • B. 

      (Stroke volume X heart rate)/ resistance

    • C. 

      Preload X heart rate

    • D. 

      Stroke volume/ resistance

  • 32. 
    How many chambers does the heart have within it?
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      6

    • C. 

      8

    • D. 

      2

  • 33. 
    You are called to a private home where a 4-year-old female is experiencing cardiac problems. Which of the following is NOT a useful indicator of hypoperfusion in this case?
    • A. 

      Capillary refill

    • B. 

      Tachycardia

    • C. 

      Skin condition

    • D. 

      Oxygen saturation

  • 34. 
    When giving chest compressions to a newborn, the proper depth of chest compressions is approximately what anteroposterior diameter of the chest?
    • A. 

      1/5 ro 1/4

    • B. 

      1/4 to 1/3

    • C. 

      1/3 to 1/2

    • D. 

      1/2 to 3/4

  • 35. 
    A complete breech presentation is when the baby is in which position?
    • A. 

      The buttocks presents first, with the baby having its knees and hips flexed

    • B. 

      The shoulders present first with the legs flexed and the knees extended

    • C. 

      The buttocks present first with the legs flexed and the arms extended

    • D. 

      The shoulders present first with arms extended and legs hyperflexed

  • 36. 
    You are called to the home of a 25-year-old pregnant female in her third trimester. She is complaining of "pelvic floor pressure". Her vitals are BP 132/80, P 98, R 22. She is also having contractions at about 2 minutes apart. You should?
    • A. 

      Transport in postition of comfort

    • B. 

      Prepare for delivery

    • C. 

      "Load and Go" monitoring vitals every 5 minutes

    • D. 

      Treat for preeclampsia

  • 37. 
    A woman in her 30s is in the full-term stage of her first pregnancy. While at the mall with her husband she started to experience what they think is active labor, only something is wrong. Their car would not start so they called emergency services. While questioning her you discover that her contractions are not spaced apart and feel like one long, never ending contraction. With further questioning you discover that the day before she felt a sharp pain in her lower abdomen by her pubic area when getting up from the couch, which she dismissed as indigestion. During your physical evaluation you discover her abdomen to be completely distended and very tender upon palpation, giving the impression that she is experiencing one long contraction as she had described. What would most likely explain this situation?
    • A. 

      Abruptio Placenta

    • B. 

      Placenta Previa

    • C. 

      She is a first time mother, making her prone to overreact and panic when things do not appear normal. Explain that since her contractions are not spaced apart that she is not in active labor and that cramps are common late in pregnancy

    • D. 

      Preeclampsia which has progressed into the early stages of Eclampsia

  • 38. 
    The term OB/GYN is short for which of the following?
    • A. 

      Obstetrics and gynecology

    • B. 

      Obstetricians and gynecologists

    • C. 

      Obstemeter and gynecologists

    • D. 

      Obsidian and gynasty

  • 39. 
    The nurse turns to you and says this female patient you brought in is primigravida. This term refers to which of the following definitions?
    • A. 

      A first time abortion

    • B. 

      A first time deliver of a healthy baby boy

    • C. 

      A woman who is pregnant for the very first time

    • D. 

      A woman who has been pregnant before but has a history of abortions

  • 40. 
    The APGAR score looks at all but which of the following?
    • A. 

      Skin color

    • B. 

      Grimace

    • C. 

      Irritability

    • D. 

      Age

  • 41. 
    An abnormal implantation of the placenta resulting in a complete or incomplete coverage of the cervical opening is known as?
    • A. 

      Abruptio placentae

    • B. 

      Placenta previa

    • C. 

      Ectopic pregnancy

    • D. 

      Pelvic inflammatory disease

  • 42. 
    You are called to a stadium where an 18-year-old male football player has possibly broken his leg in the game. As you arrive on scene, you see that he has a deformed upper leg from a closed femoral fracture. Your first priority is to?
    • A. 

      Splint the fracture using a traction splint

    • B. 

      Splint the fracture using a rigid splint

    • C. 

      Apply pressure directly to the site

    • D. 

      Apply pressure indirectly around the site

  • 43. 
    Your patient cut his leg with a circular saw. After twenty minutes, bleeding is controlled, but you believe the patient lost at least one liter of blood. The best position for this patient is?
    • A. 

      Fowler's position

    • B. 

      Trendelenburg position

    • C. 

      On a backboard in full-spinal immobilization

    • D. 

      Right recumbent

  • 44. 
    Orthostatic hypotension occurs when?
    • A. 

      A patient is moved from a supine position to an upright position

    • B. 

      A patient loses 15% or more of their circulating blood volume

    • C. 

      A patient becomes anemic

    • D. 

      A patient is suffering from a UTI

  • 45. 
    You are responding to a rural area for the call of a woman who lost both her arms in an auger accident. After the patient is safely removed from the auger, what is your first priority?
    • A. 

      Airway management

    • B. 

      Trying tourniquets to the stump

    • C. 

      Administering oxygen

    • D. 

      C-Spine immobilization

  • 46. 
    Who is responsible for the oversight of all operations at an MCI?
    • A. 

      Safety Officer

    • B. 

      Incident Commander

    • C. 

      Triage Officer

    • D. 

      Company Officer

  • 47. 
    As you approach in your ambulance to the scene of a possible heart attack, you notice that the fence has been damaged, and there is barking from the backyard. The door to the house is open wide, but there appears to be no one moving inside. How should you proceed?
    • A. 

      Move cautiously into the home, and see if you can find the patient

    • B. 

      Call back-up ambulances, and continue moving into the home

    • C. 

      Make sure that the scene has been secured by law enforcement before proceeding any further

    • D. 

      Wait inside your ambulance until the scene appears secure

  • 48. 
    You arrive on the scene of a warehouse accident. You are informed that there are incidents of both trauma and respiratory poisoning. As you are assisting the respirations of a poisoned victim, a nearby pipe bursts and sprays a chemical a few feet away. You see a label and read that the chemical is benzene (a HAZMAT chemical which has toxic fumes). You should?
    • A. 

      Remove the patient to a safe distance, continue treating the patient, and call for backup to set up a perimeter for decontamination

    • B. 

      Immediately go to assess the source of the spray, and stop it if you can do so without endangering yourself

    • C. 

      Retreat to the ambulance, with the patient, and continue treatment when the scene is safe

    • D. 

      Retreat to the ambulance with the patient and consult the MSDS handbook for further instructions on this specific HAZMAT threat

  • 49. 
    The CHART format is a way of writing Prehospital Care Reports. What does the T in CHART stand for?
    • A. 

      Transport

    • B. 

      Time

    • C. 

      Treatment

    • D. 

      Template

  • 50. 
    Excessive thirst is one symptom consistent with which of the following?
    • A. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • C. 

      Appendicitis

    • D. 

      Urinary Tract Infection

  • 51. 
    You are called to a shopping mall where a middle-aged man is having a seizure on the floor of a department store. Which of the following is not a common cause of seizures?
    • A. 

      Head Trauma

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • C. 

      Anaphylaxis

    • D. 

      Sudden withdrawal from alcohol

  • 52. 
    Which of the following people is NOT at an increased risk of developing heat illnesses?
    • A. 

      An 87 year old male patient

    • B. 

      A 32 year old female diabetic patient

    • C. 

      A 54 year old patient with a history of myocardial infarction

    • D. 

      A 25 year old pregnant female patient

  • 53. 
    A patient with a fever, cough, and inflammation of the lung due to bacterial or viral infection may have?
    • A. 

      Pneumonia

    • B. 

      Pneumothorax

    • C. 

      Asthma

    • D. 

      Emphysema

  • 54. 
    The most commonly abused drug in the United States is?
    • A. 

      Marijuana

    • B. 

      Ethyl Alcohol

    • C. 

      Cocaine

    • D. 

      Tobacco

  • 55. 
    The esophagus is what to the trachea?
    • A. 

      Posterior

    • B. 

      Medial

    • C. 

      Superficial

    • D. 

      Lateral

  • 56. 
    Schedule I drugs are those drugs with?
    • A. 

      Low potential for abuse and accepted medical indications

    • B. 

      Moderate potential for abuse and accepted medical indications

    • C. 

      High potential for abuse and accepted medical indications

    • D. 

      High potential for abuse and no accepted medical indications

  • 57. 
    Which of the following is the lowest or most inferior portion of the brain?
    • A. 

      Cerebellum

    • B. 

      Cerebrum

    • C. 

      Brain Stem

    • D. 

      Spinal Cord

  • 58. 
    Which of the following heart rhythms often leads to ventricular fibrillation?
    • A. 

      Ventricular tachycardia

    • B. 

      Asystole

    • C. 

      Normal sinus rhythm

    • D. 

      Atrial fibrillation

  • 59. 
    You are informed that your 52-year-old female chest pain patient is MR/DD. What does this stand for?
    • A. 

      Mentally retarder/ Deaf and dumb

    • B. 

      Mentally rejected/ developmentally disabled

    • C. 

      Mentally handicapped

    • D. 

      Mentally retarded/developmentally disabled

  • 60. 
    As you are transporting a patient to the emergency department, you conduct a detailed physical exam. Your assessment of the abdomen results in some interesting findings. There is a section of the abdomen that is distended and rigid. No bleeding is present anywhere else on the body. You decide that this is a serious discovery that you may have missed during your rapid trauma assessment. What can account for these findings?
    • A. 

      Internal bleeding

    • B. 

      Stroke

    • C. 

      Stabbing

    • D. 

      Broken capillary

  • 61. 
    One afternoon you are called to the home of an elderly man who fell and hurt his head. Upon assessment you determine that he is mentally competent but is experiencing ischemic chest pain. After finding his BP to be 138/98, you decide to administer 1.2mg of Nitroglycerin to the patient with MCs consent. With the man sitting at the kitchen table you explain what is happening and what you intend to do. With his consent you apply the prescribed dose sublingually. What mistake was made here on your part?
    • A. 

      The wrong dose was given

    • B. 

      The wrong drug was given

    • C. 

      The wrong route was used

    • D. 

      His blood pressure was too low for the drug

  • 62. 
    You arrive on scene to a 72-year-old confused male. You notice that he is slurring his words and that his face is drooping to one side. Your partner tells you that he has abnormal arm drift. His wife states that he takes a few medications for his heart, but she can't remember which. With this patient, you suspect?
    • A. 

      Heart attack

    • B. 

      Cerebrovascular accident

    • C. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • D. 

      Congestive Heart Failure

  • 63. 
    A 68-year-old male patient states that he had a myocardial infarction three years ago. What is he is referring to?
    • A. 

      When CPR successfully resuscitated him

    • B. 

      When part of his heart muscle died

    • C. 

      When he had chest pain and had to go to the hospital

    • D. 

      When he had paralysis on one side of his body due to a blockage in his body

  • 64. 
    Your 82-year-old patient states that their stool has been dark and tarry for the past two days. This is most indicative of?
    • A. 

      Dehydration

    • B. 

      Blood in the digestive track

    • C. 

      Renal insufficiencies

    • D. 

      Abnormally greasy diet

  • 65. 
    You are working at a sporting event on a hot summer day when a 52-year-old female comes up to you and says she doesn't feel well. She is confused and sweaty. You move her inside to a cool room and have her sit down. You should do which of the following next?
    • A. 

      Begin passive cooling

    • B. 

      Begin active cooling

    • C. 

      Check her blood sugar

    • D. 

      Have her lie down with her feet elevated

  • 66. 
    You believe your patient is experiencing compensatory shock. Which of the following is a sign of compensatory shock?
    • A. 

      Cyanosis and white waxy skin

    • B. 

      Absent peripheral pulses

    • C. 

      Tachycardia

    • D. 

      Decreased respiratory rate

  • 67. 
    Which of the following are NOT a part of the baseline vital signs that the EMT-B should be keenly aware of?
    • A. 

      Skin temperature and condition

    • B. 

      Level of consciousness

    • C. 

      Papillary reaction

    • D. 

      Severity of pain

  • 68. 
    • A. 

      Anxiety and acceptance

    • B. 

      Acceptance and bargaining

    • C. 

      Bargaining and rage

    • D. 

      Anger and danger

  • 69. 
    All of the following signify the main source that drugs are made from, except?
    • A. 

      Animals

    • B. 

      Plants

    • C. 

      Synthetic engineering

    • D. 

      Petroleum

  • 70. 
    The midaxillary line is what to the midline of the body?
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Medial

  • 71. 
    You arrive on scene to a vehicle vs. bicycle collision at a busy intersection. You note one small child lying face down and quickly remember that the leading cause of death in pediatric patients is?
    • A. 

      Head injuries

    • B. 

      Spine injuries

    • C. 

      Respiratory arrest

    • D. 

      Abuse

  • 72. 
    You are called to the scene for the 18-year-old female who is 23 weeks pregnant and with "the worst headache" she's ever had. Vital signs are BP of 180/94, P 100, R 20. You would suspect the patient is suffering from?
    • A. 

      Ectopic pregnancy

    • B. 

      Eclampsia

    • C. 

      Preeclampsia

    • D. 

      Sever preeeclampsia

  • 73. 
    Identical twins in utero will have how many placenta?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 74. 
    Upon delivery, how do you suction a newborn's airway?
    • A. 

      Using an infant-sized, French catheter, and not more than 5 seconds

    • B. 

      Nose first, mouth second

    • C. 

      Rub the child's foot, to stimulate the coughing reflex

    • D. 

      Mouth first, nose second

  • 75. 
    For postpartum bleeding to be considered a postpartum hemorrhage, there must be how much blood loss?
    • A. 

      500 mL

    • B. 

      1,000 mL

    • C. 

      1,500 mL

    • D. 

      2,000 mL

  • 76. 
    An abnormal implantation of the placenta resulting in a complete or incomplete coverage of the cervical opening is known as?
    • A. 

      Abruptio placentae

    • B. 

      Placenta previa

    • C. 

      Ectopic pregnancy

    • D. 

      Pelvic inflammatory disease

  • 77. 
    You are dispatched to a woman in labor. Upon arrival the mother is screaming that she is ready to deliver. Your history reveals that she has 3 children and two previous abortions. You could best document this history by which of the following?
    • A. 

      G6,P3

    • B. 

      P6, G3

    • C. 

      G3, P2

    • D. 

      G6, P2

  • 78. 
    Braxton-hicks contractions are?
    • A. 

      False labor

    • B. 

      Miscarriage

    • C. 

      Crowning

    • D. 

      Indicative of imminent birth

  • 79. 
    You are called to the scene for the 18-year-old female who is 23 weeks pregnant and with "the worst headache" she's ever had. Vital signs are BP of 180/94, P 100, R 20. You would suspect the patient is suffering from?
    • A. 

      Severe preeclampsia

    • B. 

      Preeclampsia

    • C. 

      Eclampsia

    • D. 

      Ectopic pregnancy

  • 80. 
    As you are transporting a pregnant woman to the hospital for labor pains, she becomes lightheaded and dizzy while in the semi-fowlers position on the stretcher. Crowning is not yet present. Your first action should be to?
    • A. 

      Call medical direction and request instructions

    • B. 

      Instruct the woman to push, instead of waiting to get to the hospital

    • C. 

      Instruct the woman to roll over to the left lateral recumbent position

    • D. 

      Instruct the woman to raise her legs due to the beginning signs of shock

  • 81. 
    You are called to the scene for a 38-year-old female complaining of extreme pressure in her pelvic area. The patient stated that she is pregnant with twins, however, she is only about 32 weeks along. Upon assessment you note a vaginal discharge. Your next course of action would be to?
    • A. 

      Transport in postition of comfort

    • B. 

      Prepare for delivery

    • C. 

      "Load and go" monitoring vitals every 5 minutes

    • D. 

      Treat for preeclampsia

  • 82. 
    Ectopic pregnancies are usually discovered by which month of pregnancy?
    • A. 

      1st

    • B. 

      2nd

    • C. 

      3rd

    • D. 

      4th

  • 83. 
    Drugs that cause defects in the fetus are defined as?
    • A. 

      Teratogenic

    • B. 

      Uterogenic

    • C. 

      Laterogenic

    • D. 

      Psychogenic

  • 84. 
    Shoulder dystocia is when the fetal shoulders are wedged against which maternal structure?
    • A. 

      ASIS

    • B. 

      ISIS

    • C. 

      Symphysis Pubis

    • D. 

      Cervical Opening

  • 85. 
    Uterine inversion is a complication of childbirth most likely caused by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Cough or sneezing

    • B. 

      Fetal kicks as they enter the birth canal

    • C. 

      Contractions

    • D. 

      Medical personnel

  • 86. 
    You are called to the scene of an immediate care center for a 30-year-old male, complaining of head pain with LOC from an earlier ATV accident. The facility staff has the pt sitting upright in bed, in a position of comfort. Your next course of action is to?
    • A. 

      Transport to ER in postition of comfort

    • B. 

      Immobilize using c-collar only, and gently handle the patient

    • C. 

      Immobilize using backboard an c-collar

    • D. 

      Transport the patient supine on the gurney

  • 87. 
    A 1-year-old girl has swallowed an unknown amount of bleach. She is now crying and has vomited once. Which of the following is correct about Activated Charcoal?
    • A. 

      Should be given if the girl can swallow without endangering her airway

    • B. 

      Should be given if approved by medical direction

    • C. 

      Should be given only if the girl vomits a second time

    • D. 

      Should not be given

  • 88. 
    What is the number one most common disabling birth anomaly in the United States?
    • A. 

      Crohn's

    • B. 

      Duchenne's

    • C. 

      Spina Bifida

    • D. 

      Hydrocephalus

  • 89. 
    You are called to a bus stop downtown for a man in his late 50s complaining of SOB. Upon arrival you observe that he is fully responsive but appears to be sluggish and is having Kussmaul respirations. His skin is warm and dry. You notice a small indentation has been left on his skin from where your hand was. Based on these findings, what would the patient's BGL be?
    • A. 

      75mg/dl

    • B. 

      50mg/dl

    • C. 

      150mg/dl

    • D. 

      320mg/dl

  • 90. 
    A stroke is caused by decreased blood flow to part of the brain. A stroke that results from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain is called?
    • A. 

      Atherosclerosis

    • B. 

      An ischemic stroke

    • C. 

      A hemorrhagic stroke

    • D. 

      A transient ischemic attack

  • 91. 
    Which of the following is not one of the 12-cranial nerves?
    • A. 

      Olfactory

    • B. 

      Optic

    • C. 

      Oculometer

    • D. 

      Ocular

  • 92. 
    The pelvis is _______________ in relation to the head?
    • A. 

      Superior

    • B. 

      Anterior

    • C. 

      Inferior

    • D. 

      Lower

  • 93. 
    You are dispatched emergent to a baseball game to find your patient sitting on the bleachers after being struck in the head by a foul ball. His chief complaint is ringing in the ears, which is also known as?
    • A. 

      Tinnitus

    • B. 

      Rhinitis

    • C. 

      Pheumothorax

    • D. 

      Tympany

  • 94. 
    Your patient is describing 7/10 pain in their shoulder, although there is no trauma to the area, and you believe the pain is coming from somewhere else. This type of pain is know as?
    • A. 

      Referred Pain

    • B. 

      Misdirected pain

    • C. 

      Parietal pain

    • D. 

      Visceral pain

  • 95. 
    You arrive at a local park for a 12-year-old female having an allergic reaction after being stung by a bee. Her friend has been prescribed an Epipen, but the patient, whose condition is worsening has not. Your first priority is?
    • A. 

      Administer oxygen and remove the stinger

    • B. 

      Rapid Transport

    • C. 

      Use of the Epipen, if consent is given and drug is not expired

    • D. 

      Administer Benadryl

  • 96. 
    Which of the following increases the cellular uptake of glucose from the bloodstream?
    • A. 

      Insulin

    • B. 

      Glucosagen

    • C. 

      Adrenalin

    • D. 

      Glutamate

  • 97. 
    Your partner states that the patient has unilateral weakness, this indicates to you that?
    • A. 

      The patient has suffered a stroke

    • B. 

      The patient is weak from the waist down

    • C. 

      The patient is weak on one side of the body and normal on the other

    • D. 

      The patient has had a sudden onset of weakness

  • 98. 
    While attending a local fair you and your partner are flagged down by a small group of people on the side of the road. When you arrive you see a 40-year-old man tripoding. During your assessment you find that he and his family just got off of a flight from Germany less than two hours ago. He is complaining of a sudden onset of dyspnea, pain on the lower-right portion of his back. Upon auscultation you find clear and bilateral breath sounds. What is this man experiencing?
    • A. 

      PE

    • B. 

      CVA

    • C. 

      AMI

    • D. 

      Asthma attack

  • 99. 
    Which of the following has the strongest neurotoxin?
    • A. 

      Coral snake

    • B. 

      Pit viper

    • C. 

      Brown recluse spider

    • D. 

      Black widow spider

  • 100. 
    Your patient is a 9-year-old female who is unusually quiet according to her mother. She looks distant and is responding to verbal commands. When you take her vitals, you notice a slowed pulse. You suspect she is experiencing?
    • A. 

      Hypoxia

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

    • C. 

      Stroke

    • D. 

      Hypotension

  • 101. 
    You arrive on the scene of an automobile accident. There is a patient on one of the vehicle. After completing your initial assessment, you decide to take vitals on the scene. Your patient's blood pressure to be 165/90, pulse of 50, respiratory rate of 10, and is responding to painful rubbing of the sternum. Your instinct tells you that your patient may be experiencing?
    • A. 

      Increased intracranial pressure

    • B. 

      Shock

    • C. 

      Stroke

    • D. 

      Myocardial infarction

  • 102. 
    You are performing CPR on a pulseless and apneic patient. During the process, an audible sound of cracking comes from the patient's chest. Immediately following this a family member screams at you to stop. How do you proceed?
    • A. 

      Stop immediately

    • B. 

      Continue

    • C. 

      Check breath sounds before continuing

    • D. 

      Stop and use the AED

  • 103. 
    The largest and most superior area of the brain is?
    • A. 

      Cerebellum

    • B. 

      Cerebrum

    • C. 

      Temporal Lobe

    • D. 

      Occipital Lobe

  • 104. 
    When taking a patient's pulse from this particular site on the body, there is a small risk of hypoperfusion to the brain. Which site has this risk?
    • A. 

      Carotid

    • B. 

      Brachial

    • C. 

      Femoral

    • D. 

      Cranial

  • 105. 
    Automaticity of cardiac cells refers to?
    • A. 

      The cells ability to spontaneously depolarize

    • B. 

      The cells being able to depolarize at a constant rate

    • C. 

      The cells being automatically able to communicate with one another

    • D. 

      The cells ability to increase the heart rate to increase cardiac output

  • 106. 
    Which of the following would be the most concerning finding of someone experiencing chest pain?
    • A. 

      Blood pressure of 114/78

    • B. 

      Taking one 81mg tablet of Aspirin per day

    • C. 

      A four-inch scar directly above the sternum

    • D. 

      HR of 82

  • 107. 
    In the human heart, blood flows from the pulmonary veins into the?
    • A. 

      Right atrium

    • B. 

      Left atrium

    • C. 

      Right ventricle

    • D. 

      Left ventricle

  • 108. 
    The sinoatrial node is also called the what?
    • A. 

      The pacemaker of the heart

    • B. 

      The bundle branch of the heart

    • C. 

      The left ventricle

    • D. 

      The electrical conduction system of the heart

  • 109. 
    The body regulates blood pressure through a number of mechanisms. A critical component of this system is receptors that respond to changes in blood pressure. These receptors are called?
    • A. 

      Neuroreceptors

    • B. 

      Chemoreceptors

    • C. 

      Baroreceptors

    • D. 

      Mechanoreceptors

  • 110. 
    You are conducting a physical exam on a 76-year-old female patient. During your assessment you conclude that the patient may be experiencing serious heart problems. Which of the following is the best indicator of more serious heart problems?
    • A. 

      Tachycardia

    • B. 

      Irregular pulse

    • C. 

      Seizures

    • D. 

      Tachypnea

  • 111. 
    You respond to a call of a 27-year-old male complaining of chest pain. You conduct a thorough physical exam and SAMPLE history. You learn that he is a smoker, his father has had several myocardial infarctions since he turned 40, and he has low blood pressure. Which of the following is not a risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
    • A. 

      Smoking

    • B. 

      Family history of heart disease

    • C. 

      Low blood pressure

    • D. 

      He is a male

  • 112. 
    You are called to a traffic accident. As you approach, you are informed that a small fire has ignited in the engine compartment of one of the vehicles. There is no spilled fuel or other apparent hazards. You should park the ambulance?
    • A. 

      Next to the scene of the accident

    • B. 

      25 feet away fom the scene of the accident

    • C. 

      50 feet away from the scene of the accident

    • D. 

      100 feet away from the scene of the accident

  • 113. 
    You arrive at a local park for a 12-year-old female having an allergic reaction after being stung by a bee. Her friend has been prescribed an Epipen, but the patient, whose condition is worsening has not. Your first priority is?
    • A. 

      Administer oxygen and remove the stinger

    • B. 

      Rapid transport

    • C. 

      Use of the Epipen, if consent is given and the drug is not expired

    • D. 

      Administer Benadryl

  • 114. 
    The last stage of labor is called what?
    • A. 

      The placental stage

    • B. 

      The expulsion stage

    • C. 

      The delivery stage

    • D. 

      The contraction stage

  • 115. 
    Which trauma patient is at greatest risk for serious injury?
    • A. 

      43 year-old male, who fell seven feet from a stepladder

    • B. 

      24 year-old female, involved in a moderate-speed vehicle collision

    • C. 

      17 year-old male, who fell off a bicycle onto concrete

    • D. 

      5 year-old female, involved in a moderate-speed vehicle collision

  • 116. 
    If a patient's respiratory rate is irregular, you should count the respirations for how long?
    • A. 

      15 seconds and multiply by 4

    • B. 

      30 seconds and multiply by 2

    • C. 

      One full minute

    • D. 

      Two full minutes

  • 117. 
    The National Fire Protection Association placard consists of four colored diamonds within a larger diamond and is used to provide information about a hazard. The yellow portion represents?
    • A. 

      The flammability of the hazard

    • B. 

      The health hazard

    • C. 

      The instability of the hazard

    • D. 

      The radioactivity of the hazard

  • 118. 
    You arrive at a retirement home to treat several cases of nausea, lightheadedness, and weakness from various residents and one staff member. These symptoms are minor for the staff member and moderate for the elderly residents, and all had the same time of onset. Your primary concern is?
    • A. 

      Quickly questioning the staff about the mental capacity and memory of the residents to determine the severity of the illness

    • B. 

      Checking the scene for a potential HAZMAT

    • C. 

      Immediately checking the staff member for any respiratory problems, then do the same for the residents

    • D. 

      •Immediately checking the residents for any respiratory problems, then do the same for the staff member

  • 119. 
    When carrying a patient on a backboard they should be carried feet first. One reason for this is that it allows a patient to see the direction they are moving. Which of the following is an exception, where it is appropriate to carry a patient head first?
    • A. 

      When going downstairs

    • B. 

      When going up stairs

    • C. 

      When the patint is unconscious

    • D. 

      When the patient is in shock

  • 120. 
    You are called to an unknown injury that occurred during a domestic dispute. You arrive to find a woman severely wounded by a blunt object. As you are about to leave, you turn and punch him in the face. What type of legal charges could you face from your actions?
    • A. 

      Battery

    • B. 

      Assault

    • C. 

      Negligence

    • D. 

      Abuse

  • 121. 
    You are called to a multiple vehicle pile-up accident on the highway. While enroute, dispatch informs you that there are multiple victims with severe injuries, and they are bleeding heavily. Your ambulance is the first on scene and your first priority is?
    • A. 

      Beginning triage of victims

    • B. 

      Controlling immediate life threats, such as severe bleeding in the most critical patients

    • C. 

      Checking if the scene is safe and clear of all traffic

    • D. 

      Calling for backup

  • 122. 
    Which of the following would not limit your exposure to radiation?
    • A. 

      Type of radiation

    • B. 

      Time

    • C. 

      Distance

    • D. 

      Shielding

  • 123. 
    Upon arriving at a local grocery store, you approach an elderly man sitting upright while surrounded by a group of people. He appears to be suffering from dyspnea and is only responsive when directly addressed. When questioning him, he makes eye contact with you but does not verbally respond. From this you decide to ask him to hold both arms up while closing his eyes until you instruct otherwise. When he does this you see that his right arm wobbles off to the side considerably more than the left. What is the most likely cause of this man's condition?
    • A. 

      AMI

    • B. 

      CVA

    • C. 

      SVT

    • D. 

      DKA

  • 124. 
    You are called to a minor traffic accident and one driver reports no injuries. The other driver's car was hit on its side, and he reports a "tearing" or "ripping" sensation in his lower back. He has a pulse of 112, BP 82/52, respirations 26. He denies neck pain. The most immediate concern is that this patient could have?
    • A. 

      An abdominal aortic aneurism (AAA)

    • B. 

      Severe external bleeding that has not yet been discovered

    • C. 

      A spinal injury that will require only a neck collar and bandaging for any lacerations

    • D. 

      •A spinal injury that will require c-spine stabilization and a backboard

  • 125. 
    You arrive at the North Beach restaurant for a 31-year-old patient sitting on the ground in severe respiratory distress. The patient's wife states that he's allergic to shellfish, and was fine until he started eating his hamburger. You suspect this patient is?
    • A. 

      Choking on a piece of meat

    • B. 

      Having an anaphyactic reaction

    • C. 

      Experiencing a myocardial infarction

    • D. 

      Having an allergic reaction

  • 126. 
    Which of the following patients is at a greater risk for developing environmental emergencies?
    • A. 

      20-year-old snowboarder

    • B. 

      18-year-old male high school student

    • C. 

      78-year-old social worker

    • D. 

      25-year-old paramedic

  • 127. 
    You arrive on scene of a 25-year-old male whose chief complaint is pain around his colostomy. His wife is worried that it has become infected. As you examine the area you noticed puss oozing from the opening. His vital signs are BP 91/39, HR 128, SaO2 is 100% on room air, and he is breathing 24/min. What do you most likely suspect this patient is suffering from?
    • A. 

      Cardiogenic shock

    • B. 

      Neurogenic shock

    • C. 

      Septic Shock

    • D. 

      Hemorrhagic shock

  • 128. 
    Which of the following are NOT a part of the baseline vital signs that the EMT-B should be keenly aware of?
    • A. 

      Skin temperature and condition

    • B. 

      Level of consciousness

    • C. 

      Papillary reaction

    • D. 

      Severity of pain

  • 129. 
    What is the pneumonic AEIOU TIPS used for?
    • A. 

      Soft tissue injuries

    • B. 

      Common symptoms associated with a head injury

    • C. 

      Components of the Cincinnati Stroke Assessment

    • D. 

      Reasons for why a patient is unconscious

  • 130. 
    You are dispatched emergent to a possible carbon monoxide poisoning in a family residence. As you are questioning your patient, your partner is about to apply the pulse oximetry. You quickly remember in school you learned that CO's affinity for hemoglobin compared to oxygen is ________ times greater?
    • A. 

      200

    • B. 

      100

    • C. 

      400

    • D. 

      800

  • 131. 
    You are dispatched to a report of a child struck by a motor vehicle. Upon arrival, you find a 5-year-old male who was riding his bike when he was struck. Bystanders report that he wasn't wearing a helmet and witnessed his head striking the pavement. He is unconscious, unresponsive, and you notice that the patient has an irregular breathing pattern. Which of the following breathing patterns is the patient likely exhibiting?
    • A. 

      Kussmaul

    • B. 

      Apnea

    • C. 

      Cheyne-Strokes

    • D. 

      Eupnea

  • 132. 
    Your partner asks you to obtain a patient's vital signs. The BEST way to determine a patient's respiratory rate is to?
    • A. 

      Count the patient's respirations out loud

    • B. 

      Count the patient's respirations for 30 seconds and multiply by two

    • C. 

      Obtain the patient's radial pulse and without letting go, count the patient's respirations

    • D. 

      Count the patient's coughs or yawns as a respiration

  • 133. 
    During inspiration, the _______ contracts and _________ the volume of the thoracic cavity?
    • A. 

      Lung/increases

    • B. 

      Lung/decreases

    • C. 

      Diaphragm/increases

    • D. 

      Diaphragm/decreases

  • 134. 
    This type of abnormal respiratory pattern is often seen in patients with diabetic ketoacidosis or other metabolic acidosis?
    • A. 

      Agonal

    • B. 

      Cheyne-Strokes

    • C. 

      Eupnea

    • D. 

      Kussmaul

  • 135. 
    What percent of blood from digestion passes through the liver before returning to the heart?
    • A. 

      100%

    • B. 

      50%

    • C. 

      25%

    • D. 

      0%

  • 136. 
    What is the pneumonic AEIOU TIPS used for?
    • A. 

      Soft tissue injuries

    • B. 

      Common symptoms associated with a head injury

    • C. 

      Components of the Cincinnati Stroke Assessment

    • D. 

      Reasons for why a patient is unconscious

  • 137. 
    Which major solid organ in the LUQ is most often injured?
    • A. 

      Spleen

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Gall bladder

    • D. 

      Appendix

  • 138. 
    You are performing standby at the local elementary school carnival. A teacher comes up to you complaining that they feel light-headed and a little sweaty. Vitals are: BP 122/80, P 88, R 18, CBG 58 mg/dL. The most appropriate treatment for this patient would be?
    • A. 

      Have the patient eat a sandwich or have a glass of juice

    • B. 

      Rapid Transport

    • C. 

      Oral glucose

    • D. 

      Have the patient drink a glass of water

  • 139. 
    When a person is not experiencing any life-threatening problem, how does their skin feel to the touch?
    • A. 

      Cool and moist

    • B. 

      Cool and dry

    • C. 

      Rough and cracked

    • D. 

      Warm and dry