9.2 Female Reproductive System*

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9.2 Female Reproductive System* - Quiz

Anatomy & Physiology
Unit 9 - Reproductive System
9.2 - I CAN describe the anatomy and basic physiology of the female reproductive system.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Eggs are created in the:

    • A.

      Cervix

    • B.

      Ovaries

    • C.

      Uterus

    Correct Answer
    B. Ovaries
    Explanation
    Eggs are created in the ovaries. The ovaries are a part of the female reproductive system and are responsible for producing eggs, as well as releasing hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. The eggs are then released from the ovaries during ovulation and travel through the fallopian tubes towards the uterus, where they can potentially be fertilized by sperm. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina, while the uterus is the organ where a fertilized egg implants and develops into a fetus.

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  • 2. 

    Identify the organ shown below:

    • A.

      Ovary

    • B.

      Uterus

    Explanation
    The organ shown in the image is the uterus. The uterus is a hollow, muscular organ located in the female pelvis between the bladder and rectum. It is responsible for nurturing and housing a developing fetus during pregnancy. The structure and shape of the organ in the image resemble that of the uterus, with its thick muscular walls and a central cavity. The ovaries, on the other hand, are small almond-shaped organs located on either side of the uterus and are responsible for producing and releasing eggs.

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  • 3. 

    Identify the organ shown below:

    • A.

      Uterus

    • B.

      Ovaries

    • C.

      Vagina

    Correct Answer
    A. Uterus
    Explanation
    The organ shown in the image is the uterus. The uterus is a hollow, muscular organ located in the female reproductive system. It is responsible for housing and nourishing a developing fetus during pregnancy. The shape and structure of the organ in the image closely resemble the typical appearance of the uterus.

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  • 4. 

    Identify the organ shown below:

    • A.

      Ovary

    • B.

      Vagina

    • C.

      Uterus

    Correct Answer
    B. Vagina
    Explanation
    The organ shown in the image is the vagina. The vagina is a muscular canal that connects the uterus to the external opening of the female reproductive system. It is responsible for receiving the penis during sexual intercourse and serves as the birth canal during childbirth.

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  • 5. 

     Which of the following is a function of the female reproductive system?

    • A.

      Creating an environment for egg cells to develop

    • B.

      Nurturing sperm cells as they enter the vagina

    • C.

      Absorbing waste created during the reproductive cycle

    Correct Answer
    A. Creating an environment for egg cells to develop
    Explanation
    The female reproductive system is responsible for creating an environment for egg cells to develop. This includes the development of the ovaries, which produce and release eggs, as well as the uterus, which provides a nourishing environment for a fertilized egg to implant and develop into a fetus. The female reproductive system also produces hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle and prepare the body for pregnancy.

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  • 6. 

    The diagram below shows the EXTERNAL female genitals, also known as the:

    • A.

      Uterus

    • B.

      Vulva

    • C.

      Vagina

    • D.

      Ovaries

    Correct Answer
    B. Vulva
    Explanation
    The diagram provided depicts the external female genitalia, which includes the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, and vaginal opening. This collective term for the external female genitalia is known as the vulva. The uterus is the internal organ where the fetus develops during pregnancy. The vagina is the muscular canal that connects the uterus to the external opening. The ovaries are the reproductive organs that produce eggs and hormones. Therefore, the correct answer is vulva.

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  • 7. 

    When a woman has a tubal ligation (a procedure known as getting her "tubes tied"), WHY does this prevent pregnancy?

    • A.

      Because sperm cannot reach the egg to fertilize it

    • B.

      Because it destroys egg cells

    • C.

      Because it stops production of eggs

    Correct Answer
    A. Because sperm cannot reach the egg to fertilize it
    Explanation
    Tubal ligation involves blocking or sealing the fallopian tubes, which are responsible for carrying the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. By blocking the tubes, sperm are unable to reach the egg for fertilization, thus preventing pregnancy. This procedure does not affect the production of eggs or destroy them, but rather creates a physical barrier that prevents the sperm and egg from meeting.

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  • 8. 

    The doctors tell this couple that they are having a problem with ovulation. This means that the problem is happening in:

    • A.

      The woman's ovaries

    • B.

      The man's testes

    Correct Answer
    A. The woman's ovaries
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the woman's ovaries. Ovulation is the process in which a mature egg is released from the ovaries. If there is a problem with ovulation, it indicates that there is an issue with the woman's ovaries and their ability to release eggs. This could be due to hormonal imbalances, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or other reproductive disorders affecting the ovaries.

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  • 9. 

    This woman is in labor! The doctors say she is 4 inches dilated. What part of her reproductive system are they referring to?

    • A.

      Cervix

    • B.

      Labia

    • C.

      Fallopian tubes

    Correct Answer
    A. Cervix
    Explanation
    The doctors are referring to the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. During labor, the cervix dilates or opens up to allow the baby to pass through the birth canal. The measurement of 4 inches dilation indicates that the cervix has started to open up in preparation for childbirth.

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