Stool softeners, rest
O2 therapy, analgesia
Reassurance, cardiac monitoring
Adequate fluid intake, low-fat diet
SGOT, CK, and LDH are all elevated immediately.
SGOT rises 4-6 hours after infarction with CK and LDH rising slowly 24 hours later.
CK peaks first (12-24 hours), followed by the SGOT (peaks in 24-36 hours) and then the LDH (peaks 3-4 days).
CK peaks first and remains elevated for 1 to 2 weeks.
Take his blood pressure
Take his radial pulse for one minute
Check his serum potassium (K) level
Weigh himself everyday
Refractive error that prevents light rays from coming to a single focus on the retina.
Poor distant vision
Poor near vision
A gradual lessening of the power of accommodation
Head of the optic nerve, seen on the nasal side of the field, lighter in color than the retina.
The area of central vision, seen on the temporal side of the optic disc, which is quite avascular.
Area where the central retinal artery and vein appear on the retina.
Reddish orange in color, sometimes stippled.
A pinguecula, which is normal slightly raised fatty structure under the conjunctiva that may gradually increase with age.
Icterus, which may be due to liver disease.
A pterygium, which will interfere with vision.
Ciliary flush caused by congestion of the ciliary artery.
Renal disease secondary to drugs, toxins, infections, or radiations
All of the above
Fruity- smelling breath.
Weakness, anorexia, pruritus
Polyuria, polydipsia, polyphagia
The half-life of many drugs is decreased in uremia; thus dosage may have to be increased to be effective.
Drug toxicity is a major concern in uremia; individualization of therapy and often a decrease in dose is essential.
Drug therapy is not usually affected by this diagnosis
Precautions should be taken with prescription drugs, but most OTC medications are safe for him to use.
Base of the heart, 5th intercostal space, 7-9 cm to the left of the midsternal line.
Base of the heart, 7th intercostal space, 7-9 cm to the left of the midsternal line.
Apex of the heart, intercostal space, 7-9 cm to the left of the midsternal line.
Apex of the heart, intercostal space, 7-9 cm to the right of the midsternal line.