# 6thsci- Ch 15 Les. 2 Gravity Affect Objects

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
At ProProfs Quizzes, our dedicated in-house team of experts takes pride in their work. With a sharp eye for detail, they meticulously review each quiz. This ensures that every quiz, taken by over 100 million users, meets our standards of accuracy, clarity, and engagement.
| Written by Jrolson84
J
Jrolson84
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 672
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 161

Settings

Scott Foresman 6th grade science quiz. Ch 15 Les. 2 Gravity

• 1.

### Every object is attracted to other objects by gravitational force.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that according to Newton's law of universal gravitation, every object in the universe attracts every other object with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. This gravitational force is always present and acts on all objects, causing them to be attracted to each other. Therefore, it can be concluded that every object is indeed attracted to other objects by gravitational force, making the statement true.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### Gravitational force is greater between objects with large masses.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Gravitational force is directly proportional to the masses of the objects involved. Therefore, when the masses of the objects are large, the gravitational force between them will also be greater. This is because larger masses have a stronger gravitational pull, resulting in a stronger force of attraction between them.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### Gravitational force becomes (larger, smaller, stays the same) as objects move closer to each other.

• A.

Larger

• B.

Smaller

• C.

Stays the same

A. Larger
Explanation
As objects move closer to each other, the gravitational force between them becomes larger. This is because the force of gravity is directly proportional to the product of the masses of the objects and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. When the distance decreases, the force of gravity increases. Therefore, as objects move closer to each other, the gravitational force becomes larger.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### Like all forces, weight can be measured in:

• A.

Pounds

• B.

Newtons

• C.

Grams

• D.

Kilograms

B. Newtons
Explanation
Weight is a force that is measured in newtons. Newton is the standard unit of force in the International System of Units (SI). It is named after Sir Isaac Newton and is defined as the force required to accelerate a one-kilogram mass by one meter per second squared. Therefore, weight can be measured in newtons, which is the correct answer.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### The Moon's gravity is what as compared to Earth?

• A.

1/2

• B.

1/3

• C.

1/4

• D.

1/6

D. 1/6
Explanation
The Moon's gravity is approximately 1/6th of Earth's gravity. This means that an object on the Moon weighs only about 1/6th of what it would weigh on Earth. This is due to the Moon's smaller mass and size compared to Earth, resulting in weaker gravitational force.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### A rise or fall in water level near the ocean's shore is referred to as a:

• A.

Tide

• B.

Gravity

• C.

Waves

• D.

Wavelength

A. Tide
Explanation
A rise or fall in water level near the ocean's shore is referred to as a tide. Tides are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun on the Earth's oceans. As the moon orbits the Earth, it creates a gravitational force that causes the ocean water to bulge towards it, creating a high tide. When the moon is on the opposite side of the Earth, it creates a low tide. The sun also has a smaller influence on tides. Tides occur twice a day and can vary in intensity depending on factors such as the phase of the moon and the geography of the coastline.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### The Moon's gravity causes the tides in Earth's oceans.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The Moon's gravitational pull creates a tidal force on Earth, causing the ocean waters to bulge towards the Moon. As the Earth rotates, this bulge creates high tides on the side of the Earth facing the Moon and on the opposite side. The areas in between experience low tides. Therefore, the Moon's gravity is responsible for the tides in Earth's oceans.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### Most coastal areas around the world have how many low and high tides each day?

• A.

1

• B.

2

• C.

3

• D.

4

B. 2
Explanation
Coastal areas around the world typically experience two low and two high tides each day. This is due to the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun on the Earth's oceans. As the Earth rotates, different parts of the coastline are exposed to the gravitational forces, causing the tides to rise and fall. The two high tides occur approximately 12 hours apart, as do the two low tides. Therefore, the correct answer is 2.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### As Earth spins on its axis, the part of Earth facing the Moon experiences a:

• A.

High Tide

• B.

Low Tide

• C.

No Tide

• D.

Night

• E.

Day

A. High Tide
Explanation
As Earth spins on its axis, the part of Earth facing the Moon experiences a high tide. This is because the Moon's gravitational force pulls on the water on Earth, causing it to bulge towards the Moon. As the Earth rotates, different parts of the planet come under the influence of the Moon's gravitational pull, resulting in the occurrence of high tides in those areas.

Rate this question:

• 10.

• A.

Ivan

• B.

Isaac

• C.

Isiah