460 Extra Credit

20 Questions

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Credit Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is/are true about critically appraising the quality of evidence found int he evidedence-based practice search process?
    • A. 

      All evidence produce by randomized clinical trials should be deemed strong evidence

    • B. 

      Randomized clinical trials reside at the top of a research hierarchy for inferring whether a particular intervention is the most plausible case of a particular outcome

    • C. 

      Only evidence produced by randomized clinical trials should be considered as worthy of guiding practice decisions, regardless of the nature of the decision

    • D. 

      All of the above are true

    • E. 

      None of the above are true

  • 2. 
    A study that attempts to gather data as ammuniticon for advocating for a particular cause is being guided by what paradigm?
    • A. 

      Early positivism

    • B. 

      Post positivism

    • C. 

      Interpretivism

    • D. 

      Critical social science

  • 3. 
    Ethical issues are distinguished from political issues in research in that
    • A. 

      Ethics deals more with the substance of research

    • B. 

      Politics deals with the methods of research

    • C. 

      Formal codes of accepted political conduct are not comparable to the codes of ethical conduct

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    Sampling with hidden and oppressed populations:
    • A. 

      Almost always should involve probability sampling methods

    • B. 

      Should avoid using researcher's judgement about finding potential participants

    • C. 

      Often involves using snowball sampling

    • D. 

      Never should combine probability and non-probability sampling methods

  • 5. 
    Which of the following statements is/are true about attempting to maximize measurement equivalence?
    • A. 

      Do NOT alter instruments previously found to be reliable and valid with one culture when using those instruments with a different culture

    • B. 

      A measurement procedure developed in one culture will have the same value and meaning when administered to people in another culture

    • C. 

      Successful translation of an instrument into another language is sufficient to ensure measurement equivalence

    • D. 

      If a scale has conceptual equivalence between two cultures, scores on it will have the same meaning in each culture

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    To obtain approximate answers about how widespread an outbreak of welfare rights is, a researcher would conduct
    • A. 

      A trend study

    • B. 

      An explanatory study

    • C. 

      An exploratory study

    • D. 

      A longitudinal study

    • E. 

      A descriptive study

  • 7. 
    If a researcher were conducting a study of women's attitudes toward abortion rights, the unit of analysis would be
    • A. 

      The individual

    • B. 

      Attitudes

    • C. 

      Abortion rights

    • D. 

      Women's attitudes

    • E. 

      Society

  • 8. 
    A follow-up study of how the same clients discharged from a mental hospital in 1990 were functioning in 1991, 1992, 1993, and so on through 2000 would be?
    • A. 

      A cohort study

    • B. 

      A trend study

    • C. 

      A panel study

    • D. 

      A cross-sectional study

  • 9. 
    A study tests the hypothesis that the provision of social work intervention will reduce the school dropout rate. It finds that social work intervention reduces the dropout rate only of children whose families are experiencing high levels of family stress. In this study, what type of variable is "level of family stress"
    • A. 

      Independent variable

    • B. 

      Dependent variable

    • C. 

      Moderating variable

    • D. 

      It could be an independent or dependent variable; it depends on whether it is stated second int he hypothesis

  • 10. 
    If we find that test performance improves as level of anxiety increases from low to moderate amounts and then worsens as level of anxiety increases beyond moderate amounts, then we have found what type of relationship?
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Negative

    • C. 

      Curvilinear

    • D. 

      Causal

  • 11. 
    The specification of concepts in a scientific inquiry depends on?
    • A. 

      Nominal, operational, and real definitions

    • B. 

      Real definitions

    • C. 

      Nominal and operational definitions

    • D. 

      Nominal and real definitions

    • E. 

      Operational and real definitions

  • 12. 
    • A. 

      They cannot be measure because they don't exist

    • B. 

      They can be measured even though they don't really exist

    • C. 

      They exist and can be measure through direct observations

    • D. 

      All of the above are true

    • E. 

      None of the above are true

  • 13. 
    An interview with someone with a limited vocabulary who therefore does not understand the question being asked is likely to produce:
    • A. 

      Systematic error

    • B. 

      Random error

    • C. 

      Unreliable data

    • D. 

      Both b and c

  • 14. 
    Professor Duncan administered a questionnaire containing the following items: Please tell me how you feel about your social worker on the following three items: Valuable ----|----|----|---- Worthless Clean ----|----|----|---- Dirty Active ----|----|----|---- Passive Duncan was using a 
    • A. 

      Semantic differential scale

    • B. 

      Thurstone scale

    • C. 

      Bogardus social distance scale

    • D. 

      Likert scale

  • 15. 
    A friend of yours, a senior, took the Graduate Record Exam in September and scored in the 99th percentile. In February, your friend took the same exam over again. This time your friend scored in the 84th percentile. As a research methodology student, you told your friend that his/her lowered score was probably due to?
    • A. 

      Testing

    • B. 

      History

    • C. 

      Demoralization

    • D. 

      Compensation rivalry

  • 16. 
    The problem of an interaction between the testing and the experimental stiumlus is handled by?
    • A. 

      The Solomon four-group design

    • B. 

      The posttest-only control group design

    • C. 

      The classical experimental design

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and B only are correct (The Solomon four-group design and The posttest-only control group design)

  • 17. 
    Suppose our research methods cause the client to improve. This would be termed?
    • A. 

      Unobtrusive observation

    • B. 

      Reactivity

    • C. 

      Social-desirability bias

    • D. 

      Generalization of effects

  • 18. 
    In general, survey research is an appropriate observational method for?
    • A. 

      Describing a population too large to observe directly

    • B. 

      Descriptive and exploratory but not explanatory purposes

    • C. 

      The measurement of attitudes prevalent in a larger population

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

    • E. 

      A and C only are correct (Describing a population too large to observe directly AND Descriptive and exploratory but not explanatory purposes)

  • 19. 
    A study that begins with observations and then looks for patterns, themes, or common categories is using what method?
    • A. 

      Being a complete participant

    • B. 

      Participatory action research

    • C. 

      Grounded theory

    • D. 

      Client logs

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 20. 
    Generally, the more heterogeneous the population, the more beneficial it is to use stratified sampling
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False