2nd Horticulture Midterm

32 Questions
Horticulture Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz for 2nd horticulture midterm

Please wait...
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A small twig with a couple buds, 4-6 inches long, the diameter of a pencil.
    • A. 

      Rootstock

    • B. 

      Scion

    • C. 

      Graft

    • D. 

      Stem

  • 2. 
    Grows on the inside of vascular cambium.
    • A. 

      Xylem

    • B. 

      Phloem

    • C. 

      Cell wall

    • D. 

      Chloroplast

  • 3. 
    Name three types of grafts
    • A. 

      Scion, rootstock, interstock

    • B. 

      Whip or bench, cleft, bark

    • C. 

      Cutting, layering, division

  • 4. 
    Pectin
    • A. 

      Is a sticky substance that holds cells together

    • B. 

      Jello type substance inside the cell

    • C. 

      Released from cell walls when cooked

    • D. 

      Both A and C

  • 5. 
    What is a simple tissue?
    • A. 

      A tissue made of more than one cell

    • B. 

      A tissue made from one cell

    • C. 

      A tissue made from several cell types

    • D. 

      A tissue made from one cell type

  • 6. 
    Scion
    • A. 

      Top portion that becomes the trunk and branches of a grafted plant

    • B. 

      Bottom part that becomes the root section of a grafted plant

  • 7. 
    Bark slipping
    • A. 

      When you pull the bark back for a whip graft.

    • B. 

      When the bark separates easily from the vascular cambium.

    • C. 

      Happens for a short time in the spring.

    • D. 

      Happens for a short time in the fall.

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 8. 
    The bottom part that becomes the root section of a grafted plant
    • A. 

      Rootstock

    • B. 

      Scion

    • C. 

      Interstock

  • 9. 
    In between scion and rootstock.Used to improve compatibility.
    • A. 

      Bark graft

    • B. 

      Cleft

    • C. 

      Interstock

    • D. 

      Middle stock

  • 10. 
    Often used in top working grafts or younger trees.Requires 2 long diagonal cuts.Can put 2 into one rootstock.
    • A. 

      Whip or bench graft

    • B. 

      Cleft graft

    • C. 

      Bark graft

  • 11. 
    Timing is important with this graft.Done in early spring when the bark is slipping.
    • A. 

      Whip or bench graft

    • B. 

      Cleft graft

    • C. 

      Bark graft

  • 12. 
    You can't put a cleft graft in the middle of the rootstock because
    • A. 

      The rootstock is too small

    • B. 

      There is no xylem there

    • C. 

      There is no vascular cambium there

    • D. 

      There is no phloem there

  • 13. 
    Graft used often for fruit trees, grapes and some roses.Requires a long diagonal cut on both scion and rootstock.Must match up vascular cambium.
    • A. 

      Whip or bench graft

    • B. 

      Cleft graft

    • C. 

      Bark graft

  • 14. 
    Cementing agent between cells
    • A. 

      Vacuole

    • B. 

      Pectin

    • C. 

      Plastid

  • 15. 
    Large cavity in cell, mostly filled with water; can be used during time of stress, but plant will wilt.
    • A. 

      Vacuole

    • B. 

      Pectin

    • C. 

      Plasma membrane

  • 16. 
    Photosynthesis takes place here. Chlorophyll inside makes the plant look green.
    • A. 

      Golgi Complex

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Chloroplast

    • D. 

      Vesicle

  • 17. 
    Responsible for protein synthesis.
    • A. 

      Ribosomes

    • B. 

      Plasmodesma

    • C. 

      Vesicle

    • D. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

  • 18. 
    Immediately inside cell wall.  Selectively permeable membrane.Regulates inflow and outflow of materials and compounds.
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Plastid

    • C. 

      Plasma membrane

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 19. 
    Make or store pigments or starches. Colors don't show up when chloroplasts are present.
    • A. 

      Cytoplasm

    • B. 

      Chloroplasts

    • C. 

      Plastids

    • D. 

      Vesicles

  • 20. 
    Rigid membrane.Gives structure to cell.Made of cellulose.
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Cell wall

    • C. 

      Plasma membrane

    • D. 

      Central vacuole

  • 21. 
    Transports materials through the cell.Has no ribosomes.
    • A. 

      Plasma membrane

    • B. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Rough endosplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      Plasmodesma

  • 22. 
    Allows for movement between cells.
    • A. 

      Golgi complex

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Cell membrane

    • D. 

      Plasmodesma

  • 23. 
    Transports materials through the cell.Covered with ribosomes.
    • A. 

      Rough endoplasmic reticulum

    • B. 

      Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Plasmodesma

    • D. 

      Cytoplasm

  • 24. 
    Control center of the cell.Contols cell functions and contains DNA.
    • A. 

      Ribosome

    • B. 

      Vesicle

    • C. 

      Plasma membrane

    • D. 

      Nucleus

  • 25. 
    Power plants of the cell.
    • A. 

      Nucleus

    • B. 

      Ribosome

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Chloroplast

  • 26. 
    • A. 

      Whip or bench graft

    • B. 

      Cleft graft

    • C. 

      Bark graft

  • 27. 
    Jello like material outside the nucleus in which the organelles are located.
    • A. 

      Plasma membrane

    • B. 

      Vesicle

    • C. 

      Cytoplasm

    • D. 

      Cell wall

  • 28. 
    Packages carbohydrates for export from the cells.
    • A. 

      Plasmodesma

    • B. 

      Golgi Body or Complex

    • C. 

      Mitochondrion

    • D. 

      Vesicle

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      Whip or bench graft

    • B. 

      Cleft graft

    • C. 

      Bark graft

  • 30. 
    Semi-permeable membrane directly inside the cell wall.Made of proteins and fats.
    • A. 

      Cell membrane

    • B. 

      Plasma membrane

    • C. 

      Nucleus

    • D. 

      Vesicle

    • E. 

      Both A and B

  • 31. 
    Enclose and store, digest, or transport cellular waste.
    • A. 

      Vacuole

    • B. 

      Plastid

    • C. 

      Ribosome

    • D. 

      Vesicle

  • 32. 
    • A. 

      Whip or bench graft

    • B. 

      Cleft graft

    • C. 

      Bark graft