Medical Surgical Nursing Practice Exam Ix (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 328

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Medical Surgical Nursing Practice Exam Ix (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following terms is used to describe rapid, jerky, involuntary, purposeless movements of the extremities?
    • A. 

      Spondylosis

    • B. 

      Chorea

    • C. 

      Bradykinesia

    • D. 

      Dyskinesia

  • 2. 
    Which of the phases of a migraine headache usually lasts less than an hour?
    • A. 

      Aura

    • B. 

      Prodrome

    • C. 

      Headache

    • D. 

      Recovery

  • 3. 
    The most common type of brain neoplasm is the
    • A. 

      Meningioma.

    • B. 

      Neuroma.

    • C. 

      Glioma.

    • D. 

      Angioma.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following diseases is a chronic, degenerative, progressive disease of the central nervous system characterized by the occurrence of small patches of demyelination in the brain and spinal cord?
    • A. 

      Parkinson’s disease

    • B. 

      Huntington’s disease

    • C. 

      Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease

    • D. 

      Multiple sclerosis

  • 5. 
    Which of the following diseases is associated with decreased levels of dopamine due to destruction of pigmented neuronal cells in the substantia nigra in the basal ganglia of the brain?
    • A. 

      Huntington’s disease

    • B. 

      Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease

    • C. 

      Parkinson’s disease

    • D. 

      Multiple sclerosis

  • 6. 
    Which of the following diseases is a chronic, progressive, hereditary disease of the nervous system that results in progressive involuntary dance-like movement and dementia?
    • A. 

      Parkinson’s disease

    • B. 

      Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease

    • C. 

      Huntington’s disease

    • D. 

      Multiple sclerosis

  • 7. 
    Which of the following diseases is a rare, transmissible, progressive fatal disease of the central nervous system characterized by spongiform degeneration of the gray matter of the brain?
    • A. 

      Creutzfeldt-Jakob’s disease

    • B. 

      Multiple sclerosis

    • C. 

      Parkinson’s disease

    • D. 

      Huntington’s disease

  • 8. 
    Bell’s palsy is a disorder of which cranial nerve?
    • A. 

      Facial (VII)

    • B. 

      Trigeminal (V)

    • C. 

      Vestibulocochlear (VIII)

    • D. 

      Vagus (X)

  • 9. 
    The most common cause of acute encephalitis in the United States is
    • A. 

      Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV).

    • B. 

      Cryptococcus neoformans.

    • C. 

      Western equine bacteria.

    • D. 

      Candida albicans.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following reflects basic nursing measures in the care of the patient with viral encephalitis?
    • A. 

      Administering narcotic analgesics

    • B. 

      Administering amphotericin B.

    • C. 

      Monitoring cardiac output

    • D. 

      Providing comfort measures

  • 11. 
    Nursing management of the patient with new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (nvCJD) includes
    • A. 

      Administering amphotericin B.

    • B. 

      Providing supportive care.

    • C. 

      Initiating isolation procedures.

    • D. 

      Preparing for organ donation.

  • 12. 
    Three medications referred to as the ‘ABC drugs’ are currently the main pharmacological therapy for multiple sclerosis. Which of the following statements reflects information to be included in patient teaching?
    • A. 

      Take interferon beta-la (Avonex) with food or milk.

    • B. 

      Take interferon beta-1b (Betaseron) at night before bedtime for best effects.

    • C. 

      Take glatiramer acetate (Copaxone) on an empty stomach.

    • D. 

      Flu-like symptoms can be controlled with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and usually resolve after a few months of therapy.

  • 13. 
    Korsakoff’s syndrome is characterized by
    • A. 

      Choreiform movement and dementia.

    • B. 

      Psychosis, disorientation, delirium, insomnia, and hallucinations.

    • C. 

      Severe dementia and myocLonus.

    • D. 

      Tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia.

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