2010 - Technology Diagnostic

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2010 - Technology Diagnostic - Quiz

Test your middle grades technology knowledge using hardware,software, security and ethics questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A small, portable computer with features very similar to a microcomputer is a/an:

    • A.

      Server

    • B.

      Mainframe

    • C.

      Desktop

    • D.

      Laptop

    Correct Answer
    D. Laptop
    Explanation
    A small, portable computer with features very similar to a microcomputer is a laptop. Laptops are compact and lightweight computers that are designed for mobility and can perform most of the tasks that a desktop computer can. They have a built-in screen, keyboard, and trackpad or mouse, making them convenient for on-the-go use. Laptops typically have similar hardware specifications and capabilities as microcomputers, making them suitable for personal or professional use.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following suggestions will make your computer work station more comfortable?

    • A.

      Work at least four hours at a time without breaks

    • B.

      Sit with your legs wrapped around the chair legs

    • C.

      Use a comfortable, adjustable chair

    • D.

      Use the DVD drive as a can holder for a soft drink

    Correct Answer
    C. Use a comfortable, adjustable chair
    Explanation
    Using a comfortable, adjustable chair will make your computer work station more comfortable. A comfortable chair will provide proper support to your back and reduce the risk of back pain or discomfort. An adjustable chair will allow you to customize the height and position of the chair to suit your preferences and ensure proper ergonomics. This will help maintain a good posture and reduce strain on your body while working for long hours.

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  • 3. 

    A hardware device that stores data and programs, executes program instructions, and performs arithmetic/logic operations is known as the:

    • A.

      CPU (Central Processing Unit

    • B.

      Integrated Circuits

    • C.

      Main Storage

    • D.

      Memory

    Correct Answer
    A. CPU (Central Processing Unit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is CPU (Central Processing Unit). The CPU is responsible for executing program instructions, performing arithmetic and logic operations, and storing data and programs. It is considered the "brain" of the computer as it carries out all the necessary calculations and operations to run the system. Integrated circuits, main storage, and memory are all components that work in conjunction with the CPU to facilitate its functions, but the CPU itself is the primary hardware device that performs these tasks.

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  • 4. 

    What is the main purpose of an external storage device?

    • A.

      To print hard copies in readable form

    • B.

      To store programs and data until needed

    • C.

      To save time while working on the computer

    • D.

      To sort information for later use

    Correct Answer
    B. To store programs and data until needed
    Explanation
    The main purpose of an external storage device is to store programs and data until they are needed. External storage devices, such as hard drives, USB flash drives, and external SSDs, provide additional storage space for saving files, documents, programs, and other data. These devices allow users to expand their computer's storage capacity and conveniently access and retrieve their data whenever required. They serve as a reliable backup solution and help in organizing and managing data effectively.

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  • 5. 

    The input device that allows the user to make selections, move the cursor and scroll on any window is the:

    • A.

      Mouse

    • B.

      Speech recognition

    • C.

      Scanner

    • D.

      Scanner

    Correct Answer
    A. Mouse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mouse. The mouse is an input device that allows the user to make selections, move the cursor, and scroll on any window. It typically consists of buttons and a scrolling wheel, which can be used to navigate and interact with graphical user interfaces. Unlike speech recognition or a scanner, the mouse provides direct control and precision for selecting and manipulating objects on the screen.

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  • 6. 

    Computer maintenance is generally performed by which of the following:

    • A.

      Applications Programmer

    • B.

      Network Administrator

    • C.

      Repair Technician

    • D.

      Systems Analyst

    Correct Answer
    C. Repair Technician
    Explanation
    A repair technician is responsible for computer maintenance tasks such as troubleshooting hardware and software issues, replacing faulty components, and performing system upgrades. They have the expertise to diagnose and fix problems that may arise in computer systems, ensuring their proper functioning. While other roles like applications programmer, network administrator, and systems analyst may have different responsibilities related to computer systems, the repair technician specifically focuses on maintaining and repairing computers.

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  • 7. 

    Which type of software is known as the boss of the computer system:

    • A.

      System

    • B.

      Application

    • C.

      Database

    • D.

      Spreadsheet

    Correct Answer
    A. System
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "System". System software is known as the boss of the computer system because it manages and controls the overall operation of the computer. It includes the operating system, device drivers, and utility programs that enable the computer hardware to function properly. System software provides a platform for running application software and ensures the smooth execution of tasks by coordinating various components of the computer system. It is responsible for managing memory, file systems, input/output devices, and other system resources.

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  • 8. 

    Saving and retrieving files is a function of:

    • A.

      Microsoft Word

    • B.

      Application Software

    • C.

      System Software

    • D.

      Shareware

    Correct Answer
    C. System Software
    Explanation
    Saving and retrieving files is a function of system software. System software refers to the programs that manage and control the operations of a computer system. It provides a platform for other software applications to run and interact with the hardware. Saving and retrieving files involves managing file systems, disk storage, and file access permissions, which are all functions performed by the system software. Microsoft Word is an application software that is used for word processing and creating documents, but it relies on the underlying system software to handle the saving and retrieving of files. Shareware is a type of software distribution, not directly related to the function of saving and retrieving files.

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  • 9. 

    Software Designed to meet the specific needs of the user is known as:

    • A.

      Microsoft Excel

    • B.

      Application Software

    • C.

      Hardware

    • D.

      Telecommunications

    Correct Answer
    B. Application Software
    Explanation
    Application software refers to software that is designed to perform specific tasks or functions for the user. It is created to meet the specific needs and requirements of the user, unlike system software or hardware which have more general purposes. Microsoft Excel, on the other hand, is a specific application software that is designed for spreadsheet tasks and calculations. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is Application Software.

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  • 10. 

    Which application software is used to write letters?

    • A.

      Spreadsheet

    • B.

      Database

    • C.

      Paint/Draw

    • D.

      Word Processing

    Correct Answer
    D. Word Processing
    Explanation
    Word Processing software is used to write letters. It provides tools and features specifically designed for creating, editing, and formatting text documents. It allows users to type, edit, and format text, as well as insert images, tables, and other elements into the document. Word Processing software also includes features like spell check, grammar check, and the ability to save and print documents. It is commonly used for creating various types of documents, including letters, reports, memos, and resumes.

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  • 11. 

    Which application software calculates numbers such as a teacher’s gradebook program?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

    • A.

      Spreadsheet

    • B.

      Database

    • C.

      Word Processing

    • D.

      Desktop Publishing

    Correct Answer
    A. Spreadsheet
    Explanation
    A spreadsheet application software is used to calculate numbers, such as a teacher's gradebook program. Spreadsheets allow users to organize data in a grid-like format and perform calculations on that data using formulas and functions. This makes it an ideal tool for managing and calculating grades in a gradebook program. Users can input student scores, apply formulas to calculate averages or totals, and generate reports or charts based on the data.

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  • 12. 

    Which application software creates cards, flyers, calendars and banners?

    • A.

      Database

    • B.

      Spreadsheet

    • C.

      Multimedia

    • D.

      Desktop Publishing

    Correct Answer
    D. Desktop Publishing
    Explanation
    Desktop Publishing is the correct answer because it is a type of application software that is specifically designed for creating cards, flyers, calendars, and banners. It provides tools and features that allow users to design and layout various types of printed materials. This software is commonly used by graphic designers, marketers, and individuals who need to create professional-looking documents for both personal and business purposes.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is NOT a business need for application software?

    • A.

      Payroll

    • B.

      Playing Games

    • C.

      Sales

    • D.

      Purchasing

    Correct Answer
    B. Playing Games
    Explanation
    Playing games is not a business need for application software because it is not directly related to the operations and functions of a business. Payroll software is necessary for managing employee salaries and benefits, sales software is essential for tracking and managing sales activities, and purchasing software is required for managing the procurement process. However, playing games does not serve a specific business purpose and is typically considered a recreational activity.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is NOT a computer crime?

    • A.

      Making a copy of the file that contains your social studies report

    • B.

      Making a copy of your teacher's electronic gradebook without permission

    • C.

      Threatening to put a virus on someone else's computer

    • D.

      Changing your grade on the teacher's computer without permission

    Correct Answer
    A. Making a copy of the file that contains your social studies report
    Explanation
    Making a copy of the file that contains your social studies report is not considered a computer crime because it does not involve any unauthorized access, theft, or malicious intent. It is a common practice to make copies of files for personal use or backup purposes, as long as it does not violate any copyright laws or intellectual property rights.

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  • 15. 

    Your school just purchased a single user copy of a typing tutor.  Which of the following actions is considered legal?

    • A.

      Installing the software on all computers in the school

    • B.

      Installing the software in one computer lab

    • C.

      Copying the software and giving it to teachers only

    • D.

      Using the software only on one computer in the school

    Correct Answer
    D. Using the software only on one computer in the school
    Explanation
    Using the software only on one computer in the school is considered legal because the school purchased a single user copy, which means it is licensed for use on one computer only. Installing the software on all computers in the school, installing it in one computer lab, or copying it and giving it to teachers only would be considered illegal as it would exceed the terms of the license agreement.

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  • 16. 

    If you would like to load copies of a commercial program on every computer in your school, you should:

    • A.

      Charge each user a fee

    • B.

      Try not to attract attention

    • C.

      Apply for a site license from the manufacturer

    • D.

      Inform the principal that the software has public domain status

    Correct Answer
    C. Apply for a site license from the manufacturer
    Explanation
    Applying for a site license from the manufacturer is the correct answer because a site license allows an organization, such as a school, to legally install and use multiple copies of a commercial program on multiple computers. This ensures that the software is properly licensed and avoids any copyright infringement. Charging each user a fee would not be appropriate as it would likely violate the terms of the software license. Trying not to attract attention or informing the principal that the software has public domain status are not valid options for obtaining legal licenses for the software.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following is NOT an advantage to buying software?

    • A.

      Gaining access to phone help from the company as a legal user

    • B.

      Knowing that you did the right thing by paying

    • C.

      Having all of the instructions and documentation needed

    • D.

      Giving away copies to all of your friends

    Correct Answer
    D. Giving away copies to all of your friends
    Explanation
    Giving away copies to all of your friends is not an advantage to buying software because it violates the terms of use and copyright laws. When purchasing software, you are granted a license for personal use, and distributing copies to others without permission is illegal and unethical. It is important to respect the rights of software developers and abide by the terms of the license agreement.

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  • 18. 

    If the software title is considered as “Public Domain” you may:

    • A.

      Apply for a site license within 10 days

    • B.

      Pay a small fee to the author

    • C.

      Obtain permission to copy the software

    • D.

      Copy and distribute the software as you can see fit

    Correct Answer
    D. Copy and distribute the software as you can see fit
    Explanation
    If the software title is considered as "Public Domain," it means that the copyright on the software has expired or the author has voluntarily released it into the public domain. In this case, there are no restrictions on copying and distributing the software. Therefore, you are allowed to copy and distribute the software as you see fit, without needing to apply for a site license, pay a fee to the author, or obtain permission.

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  • 19. 

    When a software author owns the reproduction and distribution rights to a software title, it is because it is:

    • A.

      Copyrighted

    • B.

      Public Domain

    • C.

      Shareware

    • D.

      Freeware

    Correct Answer
    A. Copyrighted
    Explanation
    When a software author owns the reproduction and distribution rights to a software title, it means that they have the exclusive rights to control how the software is copied, distributed, and used. This is typically achieved through copyright protection, which grants the author legal ownership and control over their work. Copyrighted software is protected by intellectual property laws, and anyone who wants to use or distribute the software must obtain permission from the copyright owner.

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  • 20. 

    When software is given to a person free on a trial basis, it is classified as:

    • A.

      Commercial

    • B.

      Shareware

    • C.

      Freeware

    • D.

      Public Domain

    Correct Answer
    B. Shareware
    Explanation
    When software is given to a person free on a trial basis, it is classified as shareware. Shareware is a type of software that is typically distributed for free, allowing users to try it out before deciding whether to purchase the full version. It is often used as a marketing strategy to promote the software and attract potential customers. Shareware usually comes with certain limitations or restrictions during the trial period, such as limited features or a time limit, encouraging users to upgrade to the paid version for full functionality.

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  • 21. 

    A person who sneaks into your computer files with bad intentions is known as a/an:

    • A.

      Enthusiast

    • B.

      Operator

    • C.

      Nerd

    • D.

      Hacker

    Correct Answer
    D. Hacker
    Explanation
    A person who sneaks into your computer files with bad intentions is known as a hacker. Hackers are individuals who have advanced computer skills and use their knowledge to gain unauthorized access to computer systems, networks, or personal data. They may engage in activities such as stealing sensitive information, spreading malware, or causing damage to computer systems.

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  • 22. 

    Copying and distributing software illegally is called:

    • A.

      Hacking

    • B.

      Patenting

    • C.

      Piracy

    • D.

      Licensing

    Correct Answer
    C. Piracy
    Explanation
    Copying and distributing software illegally is commonly referred to as piracy. This term is used to describe the unauthorized reproduction, distribution, or use of copyrighted software without the permission of the copyright holder. It is considered a violation of intellectual property rights and is illegal in many jurisdictions.

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  • 23. 

    Nancy used an electronic encyclopedia to research her social studies report on Africa.  She printed several pages that contained all of the information that she needed to make an “A”.  In order to follow the correct ethical procedure, what should she do before turning in the report?

    • A.

      Write her name at the top of the printout and give it to the teacher

    • B.

      List the CD on the title page and turn in her report

    • C.

      Use quotation marks around any sentences she copies directly and include footnotes and a bibliography

    • D.

      None of the above apply because she used a computer

    Correct Answer
    C. Use quotation marks around any sentences she copies directly and include footnotes and a bibliography
    Explanation
    Before turning in the report, Nancy should use quotation marks around any sentences she copies directly from the electronic encyclopedia. Additionally, she should include footnotes and a bibliography to give credit to the original source and avoid plagiarism. This is considered the correct ethical procedure when using external sources for research and ensures that proper credit is given to the original authors.

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  • 24. 

    People who commit software piracy are:

    • A.

      Careful not to get caught too often

    • B.

      Committing crimes that can be punishable by fines and jail time

    • C.

      Usually too poor to purchase the software themselves

    • D.

      Are smarter than most people

    Correct Answer
    B. Committing crimes that can be punishable by fines and jail time
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Committing crimes that can be punishable by fines and jail time." This is because software piracy involves illegally copying, distributing, or using software without authorization, which is considered a crime in many jurisdictions. Such actions can lead to legal consequences, including fines and imprisonment. The other options provided in the question, such as being careful not to get caught or being too poor to purchase software, may be factors that some individuals consider, but they do not define the nature of the act itself.

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  • 25. 

    A set of moral principles or values is known as:

    • A.

      Piracy

    • B.

      Access

    • C.

      Integrity

    • D.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer
    D. Ethics
    Explanation
    Ethics refers to a set of moral principles or values that guide individuals or groups in determining what is right or wrong. It involves making decisions and taking actions based on principles such as honesty, fairness, respect, and responsibility. Ethics is important in various fields, including business, medicine, law, and journalism, as it helps to ensure that individuals act in an ethical and responsible manner, considering the consequences of their actions on others and society as a whole.

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  • 26. 

    A safeguard for access to a computer or program is called:

    • A.

      Password

    • B.

      Domain

    • C.

      JPEG

    • D.

      Copyright

    Correct Answer
    A. Password
    Explanation
    A safeguard for access to a computer or program is called a password. A password is a secret code or phrase that is used to authenticate and verify the identity of a user before granting them access to a computer system or a specific program. It acts as a security measure to protect sensitive information and prevent unauthorized access.

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  • 27. 

    Computer ethics means using computers:

    • A.

      To help you make better grades

    • B.

      For good purposes

    • C.

      To commit illegal acts

    • D.

      To do whatever is available online

    Correct Answer
    B. For good purposes
    Explanation
    Computer ethics refers to the principles and guidelines that govern the responsible and ethical use of computers. It involves using computers in a way that benefits others, promotes well-being, and upholds moral standards. This includes using computers for positive and beneficial purposes such as education, research, communication, and problem-solving. It emphasizes the importance of using technology in a manner that respects privacy, security, and the rights of others.

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  • 28. 

    Chris saw a copy of a major computer test on the teacher’s monitor while she was speaking to another student.  What should Chris do?

    • A.

      Print it out before the teacher returns so he has a study guide

    • B.

      Tell his classmates about the test items he saw

    • C.

      Change the essay question so it will be easier to answer

    • D.

      Leave the room immediately and inform the teacher about his honest mistake

    Correct Answer
    D. Leave the room immediately and inform the teacher about his honest mistake
    Explanation
    Chris should leave the room immediately and inform the teacher about his honest mistake. This is the most ethical and responsible course of action. By doing so, Chris shows integrity and honesty, taking responsibility for his actions. It is important to respect the teacher's privacy and not take advantage of the situation.

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