Medical Surgical Nursing Practice Exam VII (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 347

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Medical Surgical Nursing Practice Exam VII (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When the nurse observes diffuse swelling involving the deeper skin layers in the patient who has experienced an allergic reaction, the nurse records the finding as
    • A. 

      Contact dermatitis.

    • B. 

      Pitting edema.

    • C. 

      Angioneurotic edema.

    • D. 

      Urticaria.

  • 2. 
    Atopic allergic disorders are characterized by
    • A. 

      Production of a systemic reaction.

    • B. 

      A response to physiologic allergens.

    • C. 

      A hereditary predisposition.

    • D. 

      An IgA-mediated reaction.

  • 3. 
    The nurse teaches the patient with allergies about anaphylaxis including which of the following statements?
    • A. 

      The most common cause of anaphylaxis is penicillin.

    • B. 

      Anaphylactoid (anaphylaxis-like) reactions are commonly fatal.

    • C. 

      The most common food item causing anaphylaxis is chocolate.

    • D. 

      Systemic reactions include urticaria and angioedema

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements describes the clinical manifestations of a delayed hypersensitivity (type IV) allergic reaction to latex?
    • A. 

      Signs and symptoms may worsen when hand lotion is applied before donning latex gloves.

    • B. 

      Signs and symptoms occur within minutes after exposure to latex.

    • C. 

      Signs and symptoms are localized to the area of exposure, usually the back of the hands.

    • D. 

      Signs and symptoms can be eliminated by changing glove brands or using powder-free gloves.

  • 5. 
    Which of the following terms refers to fixation or immobility of a joint?
    • A. 

      Diarthrodial

    • B. 

      Arthroplasty

    • C. 

      Ankylosis

    • D. 

      Hemarthrosis

  • 6. 
    Accumulation of crystalline depositions in articular surfaces, bones, soft tissue, and cartilage is referred to as
    • A. 

      Joint effusion.

    • B. 

      Tophi.

    • C. 

      Subchondral bone.

    • D. 

      Pannus.

  • 7. 
    Passive range-of-motion exercises are indicated during which stage of rheumatic disease?
    • A. 

      Remission

    • B. 

      Acute

    • C. 

      Subacute

    • D. 

      Inactive

  • 8. 
    Which of the following connective tissue disorders is characterized by insoluble collagen being formed and accumulating excessively in the tissues?
    • A. 

      Scleroderma

    • B. 

      Rheumatoid arthritis

    • C. 

      Systemic lupus erythematosus

    • D. 

      Polymyalgia rheumatic

  • 9. 
    Osteoarthritis is known as a disease that
    • A. 

      Affects young males.

    • B. 

      Requires early treatment because most of the damage appears to occur early in the course of the disease.

    • C. 

      Affects the cartilaginous joints of the spine and surrounding tissues.

    • D. 

      Is the most common and frequently disabling of joint disorders.

  • 10. 
    Which of the following newer pharmacological therapies used for the treatment of osteoarthritis is thought to improve cartilage function and retard degradation as well as have some anti-inflammatory effects?
    • A. 

      Chondroitin

    • B. 

      Capsaicin

    • C. 

      Viscosupplementation

    • D. 

      Glucosamine

  • 11. 
    Which of the following statements reflect nursing interventions in the care of the patient with osteoarthritis?
    • A. 

      Avoid the use of topical analgesics.

    • B. 

      Encourage weight loss and an increase in aerobic activity.

    • C. 

      Provide an analgesic after exercise.

    • D. 

      Assess for the gastrointestinal complications associated with COX-2 inhibitors.

  • 12. 
    Fibromyalgia is a common condition that
    • A. 

      Involves chronic fatigue, generalized muscle aching and stiffness.

    • B. 

      is caused by a virus.

    • C. 

      Is treated by diet, exercise, and physical therapy.

    • D. 

      Usually lasts for less than two weeks,

  • 13. 
    Which of the following terms refers to a condition characterized by destruction of the melanocytes in circumscribed areas of the skin?
    • A. 

      Telangiectases

    • B. 

      Vitiligo

    • C. 

      Hirsutism

    • D. 

      Lichenification

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