Scientific Elements Of Reasoning And Logic

43 Questions | Total Attempts: 447

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Scientific reasoning is the thinking in terms of abstractions or symbols, being able to think about many variables or dimensions at the same time, being able to think in terms of probabilities and proportions. During the scientific process, deductive reasoning is used to reach a logical true conclusion. Test your understanding on the two by taking the test below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Process by which the analyst improves the quality of their thinking by applying the scientific elements of reasoning and logic to gather, evaluate and use information effectively
    • A. 

      Reason

    • B. 

      Logic

    • C. 

      Critical Thinking

    • D. 

      Question

  • 2. 
    What is a declaritive statement that has yet to be established as true?
    • A. 

      Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Bias

    • C. 

      Critical Thinking

    • D. 

      Opinion

  • 3. 
    To think by forming a new statement on the basis of statements already known is...
    • A. 

      Logic

    • B. 

      Bias

    • C. 

      Fact

    • D. 

      Reason

  • 4. 
    Deductive reasoning is concluding something is ______________ true.
    • A. 

      Neccessarily

    • B. 

      Probably

    • C. 

      Could Be

    • D. 

      Always

  • 5. 
    Inductive reasoning is concluding something is _____________ true.
    • A. 

      Always

    • B. 

      Probably

    • C. 

      Neccessarily

    • D. 

      Could Be

  • 6. 
    Abductive reasoning involves the act of ___________ to conclude something is plausibily true.
    • A. 

      Probably

    • B. 

      Neccessarily

    • C. 

      Testing

    • D. 

      Concluding

  • 7. 
    When one is applying reason to any branch of knowledge, they are using _______.
    • A. 

      Reason

    • B. 

      Questions

    • C. 

      Opinions

    • D. 

      Logic

  • 8. 
    Explain how to establish the scope to solve a problem.
    • A. 

      Questions

    • B. 

      Reasons

    • C. 

      Facts

    • D. 

      Opinions

  • 9. 
    The three types of questions are:
    • A. 

      Fact

    • B. 

      Reason

    • C. 

      Preference

    • D. 

      Judgement

    • E. 

      Opinionated

  • 10. 
    The goal or desired end-state by reasoning describes which element of thought?
    • A. 

      Fact

    • B. 

      Preference

    • C. 

      Purpose

    • D. 

      Assumptions

  • 11. 
    What is used to bridge the gap between the known and unknown?
    • A. 

      Assumptions

    • B. 

      Concepts

    • C. 

      Inference

    • D. 

      Implications

  • 12. 
    To conclude something is true based on something else being true is known as _______________?
    • A. 

      Assumption

    • B. 

      Implication

    • C. 

      Concept

    • D. 

      Inference

  • 13. 
    Who comprises the NSC?
    • A. 

      President of the US

    • B. 

      DIRNSA

    • C. 

      Secretary of Defense

    • D. 

      Vice President of the US

    • E. 

      Director of National Intelligence

    • F. 

      Secretary of State

    • G. 

      Joint Chiefs of Staff

  • 14. 
    Who serves as the head of the IC?
    • A. 

      Director of NSA

    • B. 

      Director of National Intelligence

    • C. 

      Secretary of Defense

    • D. 

      President of the US

  • 15. 
    Which intelligence organization is an independent intelligence agency responsible to the President through DNI?
    • A. 

      FBI

    • B. 

      NSA

    • C. 

      DIA

    • D. 

      CIA

  • 16. 
    Whose mission is it to provide timely and objective military intelligence to warfighters, defense policy makers, and force planners?
    • A. 

      CIA

    • B. 

      DIA

    • C. 

      NSA

    • D. 

      FBI

  • 17. 
    Select the four primary cryptologic centers
    • A. 

      Kunia, Hawaii (NSAH)

    • B. 

      Fort Gordon, Georgia (NSAG)

    • C. 

      FT. Meade, Maryland (NSAW)

    • D. 

      Lackland AFB, Texas (NSAT)

    • E. 

      Denver, Colorado (NSAC)

  • 18. 
    What are DIRNSA's two core missions?
    • A. 

      Information Assurance

    • B. 

      OPSEC

    • C. 

      SIGINT

    • D. 

      Counterintelligence

  • 19. 
    Which major Army Command provides critical, multi-discipline, intelligence, CI and informationwarfare support to Army commanders at all echelons?
    • A. 

      INSCOM

    • B. 

      NETWARCOM

    • C. 

      AFISRA

    • D. 

      CGI

  • 20. 
    Who serves as the President's principal arm for coordinatiing policy among various government agencies?
    • A. 

      CIA

    • B. 

      NSA

    • C. 

      NSC

    • D. 

      FBI

  • 21. 
    Who is charged with providiong, managing, and coordinating the response of the federal government to terrorist attacks and major disasters, whether natural or man-made?
    • A. 

      NSA

    • B. 

      DHS

    • C. 

      FBI

    • D. 

      DEA

  • 22. 
    How are MAJCOMS organized in the US?
    • A. 

      On a training basis

    • B. 

      On a locational basis

    • C. 

      On a target basis

    • D. 

      On a functional basis

  • 23. 
    What intellignce discipline entails the interception of electronic emissions of all types?
    • A. 

      COMINT

    • B. 

      SIGINT

    • C. 

      ELINT

    • D. 

      FISINT

  • 24. 
    What are the three sub-categories of SIGINT?
    • A. 

      COMINT

    • B. 

      HUMINT

    • C. 

      OSINT

    • D. 

      MASINT

    • E. 

      FISINT

    • F. 

      GEOINT

    • G. 

      ELINT

  • 25. 
    Intell gathered by intercepting non-communication signals of military an civilan radar is what?
    • A. 

      COMINT

    • B. 

      FISINT

    • C. 

      ELINT

    • D. 

      GEOINT

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