Medical Surgical Nursing Practice Exam III (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 477

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Medical Surgical Nursing Practice Exam III (Exam Mode) By Rnpedia.Com

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1. In relation to the structure of the larynx, the cricoid cartilage is
    • A. 

      the only complete cartilaginous ring in the larynx. the only complete cartilaginous ring in the larynx. the only complete cartilaginous ring in the larynx. the valve flap of cartilage that covers the opening to the larynx during swallowing.

    • B. 

      The only complete cartilaginous ring in the larynx.

    • C. 

      The only compthe largest of the cartilage structures. lete cartilaginous ring in the larynx.

    • D. 

      Used in vocal cord movement with the thyroid cartilage.

  • 2. 
    2. Which respiratory volume is the maximum volume of air that can be inhaled after maximal expiration?
    • A. 

      Tidal volume

    • B. 

      Expiratory reserve volume

    • C. 

      Inspiratory reserve volume

    • D. 

      Residual volume

  • 3. 
    3. The individual who demonstrates displacement of the sternum is described as having a
    • A. 

      Pigeon chest.

    • B. 

      Barrel chest.

    • C. 

      Funnel chest.

    • D. 

      Kyphoscoliosis.

  • 4. 
    4. When the nurse auscultates chest sounds that are harsh and cracking, sounding like two pieces of leather being rubbed together, she records her finding as
    • A. 

      Sibilant wheezes.

    • B. 

      Pleural friction rub.

    • C. 

      crackles.

    • D. 

      Sonorous wheezes.

  • 5. 
    5. Which of the following terms is used to describe hemorrhage from the nose?
    • A. 

      Rhinorrhea

    • B. 

      Dysphagia

    • C. 

      Epistaxis

    • D. 

      Xerostomia

  • 6. 
    6. The herpes simplex virus (HSV-1), which produces a cold sore (fever blister), has an incubation period of
    • A. 

      3-6 months.

    • B. 

      0-3 months.

    • C. 

      2-12 days.

    • D. 

      20-30 days.

  • 7. 
    7. Another term for clergyman’s sore throat is
    • A. 

      Chronic granular pharyngitis.

    • B. 

      Aphonia.

    • C. 

      Atrophic pharyngitis.

    • D. 

      Hypertrophic pharyngitis.

  • 8. 
    8. Which type of sleep apnea is characterized by lack of airflow due to pharyngeal occlusion?
    • A. 

      Simple

    • B. 

      Central

    • C. 

      Obstructive

    • D. 

      Mixed

  • 9. 
    9. When the patient who has undergone laryngectomy suffers wound breakdown, the nurse monitors him very carefully because he is identified as being at high risk for
    • A. 

      Carotid artery hemorrhage.

    • B. 

      Pulmonary embolism.

    • C. 

      Dehydration.

    • D. 

      Pneumonia.

  • 10. 
    10. Which of the following terms refers to lung tissue that has become more solid in nature due to a collapse of alveoli or infectious process?
    • A. 

      Atelectasis

    • B. 

      Bronchiectasis

    • C. 

      Empyema

    • D. 

      Consolidation

  • 11. 
    11. Which of the following community-acquired pneumonias demonstrates the highest occurrence during summer and fall?
    • A. 

      Streptococcal (pneumococcal) pneumonia

    • B. 

      Mycoplasma pneumonia

    • C. 

      Legionnaires’ disease

    • D. 

      Viral pneumonia

  • 12. 
    12. When interpreting the results of a Mantoux test, the nurse explains to the patient that a reaction occurs when the intradermal injection site shows
    • A. 

      Drainage.

    • B. 

      Redness and induration.

    • C. 

      Tissue sloughing.

    • D. 

      Bruising.

  • 13. 
    13. Which of the following actions is most appropriate for the nurse to take when the patient demonstrates subcutaneous emphysema along the suture line or chest dressing 2 hours after chest surgery?
    • A. 

      Apply a compression dressing to the area.

    • B. 

      Measure the patient’s pulse oximetry.

    • C. 

      Record the observation

    • D. 

      Report the finding to the physician immediately.