15.0 States Of Matter 7

40 Questions

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following is a characteristic property of an element?
    • A. 

      Boiling point

    • B. 

      Volume

    • C. 

      Shape

    • D. 

      Weight

  • 2. 
    A cubic centimeter is a unit for measuring
    • A. 

      Length

    • B. 

      Mass

    • C. 

      Volume

    • D. 

      Density

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a compound?
    • A. 

      Has different properties from the elements that formed it

    • B. 

      Is a pure substance

    • C. 

      Different samples have different properties

    • D. 

      Can be represented by a formula

  • 4. 
    An unchanging measurement of the amount of matter an object contains is its
    • A. 

      Mass

    • B. 

      Volume

    • C. 

      Density

    • D. 

      Length

  • 5. 
    Characteristic properties for a substance
    • A. 

      Depends on volume

    • B. 

      Never change

    • C. 

      Depends on temperature

    • D. 

      Differ on different planets

  • 6. 
    A (n) _____ is a well-blended mixture that appears to be a single substance.
    • A. 

      Compound

    • B. 

      Pure Substance

    • C. 

      Element

    • D. 

      Solution

  • 7. 
    A chemical bond is 
    • A. 

      A group of atoms that are joined together

    • B. 

      The basic particle of matter

    • C. 

      The force that holds two atoms together

    • D. 

      A substance formed from the chemical combination of two or more atoms

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is an example of a chemical change?
    • A. 

      Melting butter

    • B. 

      Breaking Glass

    • C. 

      Mixing milk and chocolate syrup

    • D. 

      Burning Leaves

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of atoms?
    • A. 

      They are a compound of molecules

    • B. 

      They make up elements

    • C. 

      They combine to form compounds

    • D. 

      They are extremely small

  • 10. 
    The measure of the average energy of motion of the particles in a substance is
    • A. 

      Temperature

    • B. 

      Pressure

    • C. 

      Chemical Energy

    • D. 

      Viscosity

  • 11. 
    A liquid has a
    • A. 

      Constant temperature

    • B. 

      Crystal structure

    • C. 

      Definite shape

    • D. 

      Definite volume

  • 12. 
    The change from a gas to a liquid is called
    • A. 

      Evaporation

    • B. 

      Melting

    • C. 

      Condensation

    • D. 

      Sublimation

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of crystalline solids?
    • A. 

      Particles arranged in repeating patterns

    • B. 

      Becomes softer and softer as temperature rises

    • C. 

      Made up of crystals

    • D. 

      Has a distinct melting point

  • 14. 
    Boyle’s Law state that as the pressure of gas increases, its
    • A. 

      Volume increases

    • B. 

      Volume decreases

    • C. 

      Temperature increases

    • D. 

      Temperature decreases

  • 15. 
    Which of the following is NOT an example of vaporization?
    • A. 

      Dry air gains water as it moves over the ocean

    • B. 

      A bubble forms as water boils

    • C. 

      Wet pavement dries after a rain shower

    • D. 

      Water droplets form on a mirror

  • 16. 
    A substance which takes the shape of volume of its container is a 
    • A. 

      Solid

    • B. 

      Gas

    • C. 

      Liquid

    • D. 

      Crystal

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is an example of a chemical change?
    • A. 

      Twisting a wire

    • B. 

      Water freezing

    • C. 

      A pond drying up

    • D. 

      Burning gasoline producing carbon dioxide

  • 18. 
    As the gas in a rigid container is heated, its
    • A. 

      Pressure increases

    • B. 

      Volume increases

    • C. 

      Pressure decreases

    • D. 

      Volume decreases

  • 19. 
    A liquid with a low viscosity
    • A. 

      Has a definite shape

    • B. 

      Flows quickly

    • C. 

      Flows slowly

    • D. 

      Fills it's container

  • 20. 
    An element’s properties can be predicted from its 
    • A. 

      Number of protons

    • B. 

      Number of neutrons

    • C. 

      Atomic mass

    • D. 

      Location in the periodic table

  • 21. 
    In the ___ state of matter, electrons are stripped away from the nuclei.
    • A. 

      Gas

    • B. 

      Plasma

    • C. 

      Liquid

    • D. 

      Solid

  • 22. 
    If a substance is ____, it can be pulled or drawn into a wire.
    • A. 

      Ductile

    • B. 

      Malleable

    • C. 

      Liquid

    • D. 

      Solid

  • 23. 
    The sun and many other stars are made mostly of the element
    • A. 

      Carbon

    • B. 

      Iron

    • C. 

      Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 24. 
    A (n) _____ is a positively charged particle in an atom’s nucleus.
    • A. 

      Electron

    • B. 

      Neutron

    • C. 

      Plasma

    • D. 

      Proton

  • 25. 
    Which o f the following is NOT a characteristic of most metals?
    • A. 

      Brittle

    • B. 

      Good conductor

    • C. 

      Ductile

    • D. 

      Malleable

  • 26. 
    An element’s ____ shows the number of protons in its nucleus.
    • A. 

      Atomic mass

    • B. 

      Chemical symbol

    • C. 

      Atomic number

    • D. 

      Period

  • 27. 
    Dmitri Mendeleev created the first
    • A. 

      Chemical reaction

    • B. 

      Periodic table

    • C. 

      Metal alloy

    • D. 

      Semiconductor

  • 28. 
    The particles that are involved in the transfer or sharing between atoms are
    • A. 

      Plasma

    • B. 

      Neutrons

    • C. 

      Protons

    • D. 

      Valence electrons

  • 29. 
    A (n) ___ has some of the properties of both metal and nonmetals.
    • A. 

      Alloy

    • B. 

      Metalloid

    • C. 

      Alkaline earth metal

    • D. 

      Noble gas

  • 30. 
    One characteristic property of a substance is 
    • A. 

      Size

    • B. 

      Shape

    • C. 

      Melting point

    • D. 

      Temperature

  • 31. 
    A block of metal has a length of 3 centimeters, a width of 5 centimeters, a height of 10 centimeters, and a mass of 3,000 grams. Find the density of the metal in g/cm3.  (Remember: density=mass/volume)
    • A. 

      20 g/cm3

    • B. 

      0.5 g/cm3

    • C. 

      50 g/cm3

    • D. 

      0.02 g/cm3

  • 32. 
    When water freezes, it undergoes
    • A. 

      A physical change

    • B. 

      Vaporization

    • C. 

      A chemical change

    • D. 

      Sublimation

  • 33. 
    The elements in one group of the periodic table
    • A. 

      Have the same number of electrons

    • B. 

      Have the same number of valence electrons

    • C. 

      Decreases in atomic mass from left to right

    • D. 

      Increases in atomic number from left to right

  • 34. 
    Where are nonmetals located in the periodic table?
    • A. 

      In group 2

    • B. 

      In the bottom row

    • C. 

      On the left half of the table

    • D. 

      To the right of the zigzag line

  • 35. 
    Dalton’s atomic theory contains all of the following ideas EXCEPT
    • A. 

      Atoms of two or more elements can combine to form compounds

    • B. 

      In any element, all the atoms are exactly alike

    • C. 

      Atoms of each element have a unique mass

    • D. 

      Atoms are made of protons, neutrons and electrons

  • 36. 
    How is a standard hydrogen atom different from a hydrogen ion?
    • A. 

      A hydrogen ion has an extra electron

    • B. 

      A hydrogen ion is missing a proton

    • C. 

      A hydrogen ion has an extra proton

    • D. 

      A hydrogen ion has an extra neutron

  • 37. 
    What might happen if you mixed a strong acid with an equally strong base?
    • A. 

      You will see an explosive chemical reaction

    • B. 

      The acid would destroy the base

    • C. 

      The base would destroy the acid

    • D. 

      The substance will be pH neutral

  • 38. 
    An extremely strong base would have a pH of____
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      7

    • C. 

      9

    • D. 

      14

  • 39. 
    What might happen if buffers did not exist within the human body?
    • A. 

      Our blood and other bodily fluids might become too acidic or too basic

    • B. 

      Our stomach acid would not be able to break down food

    • C. 

      We would not be able to process glucose within our cells

    • D. 

      We would bot be able to inhale oxygen into our lungs

  • 40. 
    Healthy environments for life have a pH closest to:
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      3

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      10