Anatomy And Physiology Exam Quiz! MCQ

17 Questions | Total Attempts: 1954

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Anatomy And Physiology Exam Quiz! MCQ

What do you understand about anatomy and physiology, and do you think you can pass this quiz? Anatomy is the research of the composition and relationship between the parts of the body. Physiology is the study of the purpose of the components of the body as a whole. An understanding of these subjects is imperative to any career of health persuasion. To learn more, you should try this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Tissues: Allows recoil of tissue following stretching; maintains pulsatile flow of blood through arteries; and aids passive recoil of lungs following inspiration:
    • A. 

      Elastic (dense connective tissue)

    • B. 

      Dense Irregular (dense connective tissue)

    • C. 

      Adipose (loose connective tissue)

    • D. 

      Reticular (loose connective tissue)

  • 2. 
    Tissues: This tissue is found under the skin in the hypodermis and has cells whose nucleus are pushed aside by a large oil droplet.
    • A. 

      Dense Irregular (dense connective tissue)

    • B. 

      Reticular (loose connective tissue)

    • C. 

      Adipose (loose connective tissue)

    • D. 

      Elastic (dense connective tissue)

  • 3. 
    Products of this type of gland are secreted by rupture of gland cells.
    • A. 

      Holocrine

    • B. 

      Sebaceous

    • C. 

      Merocrine

    • D. 

      Suderiferous

  • 4. 
    This tissue is found in the air sacs of lungs and kidney glomeruli:
    • A. 

      Transitional epithelium

    • B. 

      Stratified squamous epitherlium

    • C. 

      Simple cubodial epithelium

    • D. 

      Simple squamous epithelium

  • 5. 
    This tissue is found in the fibrous capsules of organs and of joints:
    • A. 

      Adipose (loose connective tissue)

    • B. 

      Dense irregular (dense connective tissue)

    • C. 

      Elastic (dense connective tissue)

    • D. 

      Reticular (loose connective tissue)

  • 6. 
    Tissues: Is composed of single layer of flattened cells with disc-shaped central nuclei and sparse cytoplasm
    • A. 

      Simple squamous epithelium

    • B. 

      Stratified columnar epithelium

    • C. 

      Elastic (dense connective tissue)

    • D. 

      Reticular (loose connective tissue)

  • 7. 
    Tissues: Stretches readily and permits distension of the urinary bladder by contained urine
    • A. 

      Simple squamous epithelium

    • B. 

      Reticular (loose connective tissue)

    • C. 

      Transitional epithelium

    • D. 

      Stratified columnar epithelium

  • 8. 
    Tissues: Is composed of a single layer of cube-like cells with large, spherical central nuclei and is found in the kidney tubules.
    • A. 

      Simple cuboidal epithelium

    • B. 

      Reticular (loose connective tissue)

    • C. 

      Stratified columnar epithelium

    • D. 

      Simple squamous epithelium

  • 9. 
    The single-layered, ciliated type of this epithelium lines the trachea and most of the upper respiratory tract:
    • A. 

      Stratified columnar epithelium

    • B. 

      Stratified squamous epitherlium

    • C. 

      Simple squamous epithelium

    • D. 

      Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

  • 10. 
    The keratinized type of this multilayered epithelium forms the epidermis of the skin, a dry membrane:
    • A. 

      Pseudostratified columnar epithelium

    • B. 

      Stratified columnar epithelium

    • C. 

      Simple squamous epithelium

    • D. 

      Stratified squamous epitherlium

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is a characteristic of the nuclear envelope?
    • A. 

      It is a double-membrane structure pierced by pores

    • B. 

      It separates the nucleoplasm from the interstitial fluid

    • C. 

      Its outer membranous layer is continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum

    • D. 

      It regulates the passage of substances to and from the nucleus

  • 12. 
    Which of the following structures are involved in muscle contraction and other types of intracellular movements?
    • A. 

      Glycolipids

    • B. 

      Microfilaments

    • C. 

      Intramembranous proteins

    • D. 

      Cilia

  • 13. 
    Preprogrammed cell death.
    • A. 

      Necrosis

    • B. 

      Apoptosis

  • 14. 
    Branched alveolar glands produce a substance that softens and lubricates hair and skin, prevents hair from being brittle, slows water loss from skin when external humidity is low + is bactericidal. Unfortunately, inflammation of this gland can produce acne.
    • A. 

      Sebaceous glands

    • B. 

      Suderiferous glands

    • C. 

      Cerumen

  • 15. 
    An increase in calcitonin -->decrease in calcium blood vessels.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Accidental cell death caused by unfavorable chemical or physical environment.
    • A. 

      Necrosis

    • B. 

      Apoptosis

  • 17. 
    The most heavily keratinized part of the hair is the outermost layer of the hair formed from a single layer of cells that overlap one another from below like shingles.  When this structure wears away at the tip of the hair shaft, the shaft may split to create a “split end”.
    • A. 

      Cuticle

    • B. 

      Shaft

    • C. 

      Root