World History Chapter 21 Test Review

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World History Chapter 21 Test Review


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Charles V
Hapsburg King and HRE, devout Catholic, Peace of Augsburg, divides empire, Ferdinand (brother) gets Austria and HRE, Philip II (son) gets Spain, Netherlands + American colonies
Phillip II
Son of Charles V, inherits Spain, the Spanish Netherlands and the American colonies. Adds Portugal, Spain's wealth expands, religious conflicts.
El Greco
Artist in the Golden Age of Spanish Art, "The Greek" from Crete 
Diego Velazquez
Spanish Painter 
Don Quixote
By Miguel de Cervantes, the birth of the modern European novel 
Decline of Spain 
Inflation, population growth, silver bullion floods the market, expelled Muslims and Jews, Nobles didn't pay taxes, less developed manufacturing.
Spanish Netherlands
Taxed more to make up for Spain's debt. Heavily Catholic population.
Dutch Revolt 
Dutch has a good economy, levies taxes and crushes Protestantism 
William of Orange 
Leader of Dutch revolt, gets independence from Spain 
United Provinces of Netherlands 
1579, seven nothern provinces, Republic=Stability=Economic Growth. Exports diamonds, linens, pottery, not much inflation, lowest shipping rates in Europe
Dutch artist, used shadows and light 
Absolute Monarchs
Kings (or Queens) who wanted total power and to control every aspect of society 
Divine Right 
God created the monarch and so the monarch represented god on earth- Monarch answered only to God, not subjects