109 cards

Preview Flashcards

Front Back
1.    The dithyrambos was?
-      An ancient, drunk, dance-chant fertility ritual that celebrated the birth of the wine god.
1.    Kabuki is mainly a director’s theatre.
-      False
The Renaissance was characterized by which of the following?
-      A renewed interest in classical (Greek and Roman) civilization.
1.    In Mandarin, Chinese Opera is called xiqu, which means?
“Tuneful theatre
1.    The most comprehensive and detailed theatrical treatise of the ancient world, detailing analyses of dramatic texts, the theatre building, acting, staging, music, and even theatre-company organization, is
the Sanskrit Natyasastra, or “treatise on theatre
1.    Rome’s greatest contribution to the theatre was 
Their architecture of the theatre space
1.    The Royal era was characterized by the aristocracy’s support of public theatres, such as the Globe Theatre.
-      False
Which of the following CANNOT be said of Shakespeare
-      He wrote only for the court of Elizabeth I.
1.    Ancient Egypt’s Abydos Passion Play and other texts of that time employed ploy elements that indicate they derived from even more ancient
Ritualized reenactments of the coming of spring and celebration of rebirth
The term “Middle Ages” describes the period of history
-      Between the fall of Rome and the coming of the Renaissance.
The primary foundations of theatre are ritual and dancing
Which of the following is NOT true of Greek chorus?
It offered individuals the opportunity to voice personal opinions.
Which drama, whose name means “storyplay” originated in rural villages in the province of Kerala in the seventeenth century and is based on any of thousands of stories from two great Indian epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata?
Rome’s greatest contribution to the theatre was
Their architecture of the theatre space
Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides are the three masters of Greek                         tragedy.
A theatrical mansion is
A temporarily crafted stage piece that was set up in a public swuare and        then moved about from day to day
The central creed of the Romantic theatre was
Which of the following is true of theatre in Asia?
A diverse tradition exists in Asian theatre.
Historically, traditional drama began when
Spoken drama was introduced into shamanistic rites.
The work of Shakespeare and Ben Jonson in England and Machiavellie and commedia dell’arte in Italy are all examples of Renaissance theatre
Plays of the royal theatre era are characterized by
Rational sensibilities
The ancient Greek god of fertility, wine, agriculture and sexuality was
The liturgical trope Quem Quaeritis
The liturgical trope Quem Quaeritis
Performers in Chinese opera are adept at singing, speech, acting and                      acrobatics.
1.    Avant-garde means, literally, “the major assault” or “shock troops.”
The chief theoretician of naturalism was Voltaire
1.    Eschewing realism, romanticism and rationality to create relentlessly unenlightening plays, which playwright said, “Art has nothing to do with clarity, does not dabble in the clear, and does not make clear?”
-      Samuel Beckett
Which movement, whose development paralleled but was essentially independent of realism, based its aesthetics on nature, particularly on humanity’s place in the (Darwinian) environment?
-      Naturalism
1.    The foremost American playwright, whose ventures into naturalism eventually turned toward expressionism and the authorship of The Hairy Ape, was
-      Eugene O’Neil
1.    Which is a characteristic of realist drama?
Characters are drawn true to life and subject to their individual social states
How did Stanislavsky contribute to realist theatre
He brought realist acting to realist plots
1.    Which movement was based in the idea that, although humans search for some meaning or purpose in human life, they are met with the immutable irrationality of the universe, thus making the effort futle?
-      Absurdism
1.    This theatre attempted to distance the audience by repudiating realistic conventions through a didactic performance style, an acting style that required the actor to “demonstrate” rather than “integrate with” his character, and a stage that called attention to its own artificially.
-      Brecht’s theatre of alienation
1.    When its founders and followers deserted symbolism, the movement found form in other schools of though. Which of the following did NOT emerge as an extension of the symbolist movement?
-      Naturalism
1.    Which of the following is true of symbolism?
Through images and metaphors, symbolism explores the inner realities, which cannot be directly or literally perceived
1.    Which type of drama fits the following description: the theatre becomes a part of the content of play production, not merely the vehicle.
-      Metatheatre
Brecht’s alienation effects sought to enhance the audience’s engagement with the characters
1.    Which of the following is true of the relationship between naturalism and realism?
Naturalism paralleled but existed independently of realism and sought to eliminate every vestige of dramatic convention
Typical themes of the symbolist theatre include the loss of innocence and the futility of communication
1.    Realist theatre
-      Has had lasting effect on modern theatre.
1.    The theatre where Chekhov collaborated with Konstantin Stanislavsky is the Moscow Art Theatre.
This playwright, born in Germany in 1898, emerged from World War I as a dedicated Marxist and pacifist, and consolidated his theories about drama into a body of plays that include The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny and The Good Person of Szechuan
-      Bertolt Brecht
1.    The founding playwright of the realist era was
-      Henrik Ibsen
1.    One convention of the realist theatre is that dialogue
-      is convention.
1.    Musical theater evolved initially as a revolt against other forms of theater, particularly realism.
1.    Which city remains the international capital of the world’s musical theater?
-      New York City
1.    Which lyricist said that he barely dared “place a timid encroaching foot on the territory” of the “masters” and instead sought to write “a more primitive type of lyric… expressing my own true convictions and feelings,” among them the following famous words from Oklahoma! : “Oh, what a beautiful mornin’! Oh, what a beautiful day!”
-      Oscar Hammerstein II
1.    The American Broadway musical dates back to
The staging of the Black Crook, a melodrama, at Niblo’s Garden in New York City in 1866 when a French dance company stranded in the city was added to the show
1.    Which artist credited with changing the face of American musical, developed a new style featuring disturbing plots, an ironic tone, and sophisticated, intricately rhymed lyrics?
-      Stephen Sondheim
1.    The first of the choreographer-directors, trained in both ballet and acting, was Jerome Robbins, who staged such works as The King and I and West Side Story
1.    Which of the following statements correctly characterizes the major development of the musical form in roughly the first third of the twentieth century?
-      It marked the age of the great musical comedy.
1.    Which lyricist for Rent brought a rock and rap beat to the show’s music, along with a script derived from cast improvisations?
-      Jonathan Larson
1.    Which of the following musicals retells the story of Romeo and Juliet with a contemporary Polish American as Romeo and a contemporary Puerto Rican as Juliet?
-      West Side Story
1.    Opera bouffe is a type of lightweight, sentimental music
1.    Who raised dance to a new level of prominence when he developed a new choreographic style—quick, jerky moves that suddenly segue to slow, sinuous come-ons; bumps and grinds; costumes of white gloves and black bowler hats—in a series of musicals that he directed and choreographed, among them Dancin’ and Chicago?
-      Bob Fosse
The only performer to have won Tony awards in four categories—director, choreographer, lead actor, and featured actor—is Tommy Tune
1.    Which of the following is NOT a musical by Andrew Lloyd Webber?
-      Miss Saigon
1.    This award-winning musical, based on a German expressionist drama, utilizes intensely profane lyrics and reflects the confusion and anger of teenagers becoming sexually aware.
-      Spring Awakening
Which musical (book by Jerome Kern, lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II), adapted from a gritty novel by Edna Ferber, uses music and dancing to carry its complex plot , touches significantly on race relations in America, and contains the famous aria “Ol’ Man River?”
-      Show Boat
According to the textbook, what percent of Broadway box office revenue comes from musicals
1.    The first black musical, in 1921, to dominate a full Broadway season was Eubie Blake and Noble Sissle’s Shuffle Along.
1.    Which of the following musicals was conceived and directed by George C. Wolfe, choreographed by Savion Glover, and offers a capsule history of racial injustice in America?
-      Bring in ‘Da Noise, Bring in ‘Da Funk
Which winner of the 1998 Tony Award for the best musical, directed by avant-garde director-designer Julie Taymor, derives its aesthetic from both African jungle and universal myth
Lion King
1.    Which full-length black musical comedy challenged the old custom of white actors’ “blacking up,” was written and performed by African Americans (some in white face), and employed the emerging ragtime musical syncopations of early black revues?
Bob Cole’s A Trip to Coontown (1898
1.    Which genre, introduced in the golden age of the musical, is characterized by increasingly serious plots and sophisticated musical treatments?
Musical drama
1.    The spectacularly successful Broadway musical that won a record-shattering twelve Tony Awards in 2002, directed and choreographed by Susan Stroman, is
-      The Producers
All of the following genres contributed to the growth of musical theatre EXCEPT
Boulevard theatre
The epoch-defining dance, featured in the hit show Running Wild, that started a national craze was the Jitterbug
1.    Which American playwright created works, including Ma Rainey’s Black BottomFences, and The Piano Lesson, that portray the entire twentieth-century history of black America?
-      August Wilson
From a practical standpoint, theatre may be considered a conservative institution because it conserves
The history and conventional way of working as a theatre
1.    What description best characterizes the Borderlands Theatre?
Bilingual productions for the local Mexican-American community with minimal staging
1.    Which of the following is true of performance art?
Performance art creates a provocative association of unexpected impressions around a given theme
1.    The roots of postmodern theatre can be located in the arts phenomenon called
-      Dada.
1.    This theatre, formed by Joseph Chaikin in 1963, combined social improvisation with Brechtian techniques and used character as a vehicle for direct interaction with audiences.
-      The Open Theatre
Which of the following is NOT true of the role of women in the history of drama
Women are more under-represented today in theatre than at any point since the 1650s
Postmodern theatre borrows ideas from both Beckett’s theatre of the absurd and Brecht’s theatre of alienation
Jerry Grotowski’s Towards a Poor Theatre emphasizes how performers should embrace external artifice and divorce emotion from their technique
This director/designer draws inspiration from Javanese rod puppetry, Balinese headdresses, and African masks
-      Julia Taymor
1.    Which of the following does NOT exemplify the contemporary trend toward revival?
-      Plays, whichdramatize the life of the ancient playwrights account for a quarter of the productions off Broadway.
1.    Postmodernism relates to previous artistic movements in all the following ways EXCEPT
Postmodern theatre attempts to illuminate the received truths of realism
1.    Some of the most historically significant and innovative theatres in the world, such as Constantine Stanislavsky’s Moscow Art Theatre and Andre Antoine’s Théâtre Libre, began as community theatres run by amateurs. 
1.    If you were to join a discussion about macaronic drama, you would be chatting about plays that
-      Include speeches in different languages.
1.    Flashbacks that are not clearly framed as such, shuttling instead between time zones without narrative warning, are examples of
-      Nonlinear theatre
The extremity in artistic representation that responded to the social change of the sixties and the seventies took a number of forms, including plays that feature urination, bold profanity, and total nudity
1.    Although American artists are largely protected from direct censorship by the U.S. Constitution’s first amendment, government funding is subject to approval by local and national legislators who sometimes balk at funding the work of certain artists. 
1.    Founded by Luis Valdez in 1965, which contemporary Chicano theatre was created to dramatize the farm workers’ situation in California through didactic actos?
-      Teatro Campesino
While postmodernism emphasizes self-reflection and reflections on the past, it also values rational logic and cause-and-effect determinism
1.    Professional theatres operating on significantly reduced budgets and located primarily in Greenwich Village, SoHo, and upper East and West sides of Manhattan became collectively known in the 1950s as
Postmodern playwrights and directors are mainly concerned with
-      The discontinuity of meaning.
1.    The emergence of spectacular theatre was facilitated mainly by
Advanced theatre technology
1.    The representation of homosexuality on stage was illegal in England as late as 1958.
A play’s final repository is
The minds and memories of its audiences
1.    Dramatic criticism usually appears in all the following forms EXCEPT
Annotated versions of a play script used in production
1.    The journalist’s review generally is
-      Limited to a brief, immediate reaction written within a few days of seeing the performance.
1.    What word fits the definition of “that which holds the attention”?
-      Entertainment.
What form does professional dramatic criticism take
roduction reviews, scholarly works and online blogs and journals.
All plays and play productions can be usefully analyzed and evaluated on the way they use the theatrical format to the best advantage and make us rethink the nature of theatrical production
1.    Which type of critic expresses thoughts with precision, clarity, and grace, through the careful building up of ideas, a presentation of evidence, logical argument, the use of helpful analogy and example, and a clear style of expression?
-      The articulate critic
1.    Plays that deal with theatrical matter not simply as a vehicle but as a theme are called
-      Metadrama or metatheatre
1.    Scholarly critics generally write
-      Detailed, comprehensive, and rigorously researched articles without the deadline or space limitations of newspapers.
1.    Dramaturgy is essentially a subset of directional responsibilities.
1.    Which is NOT one of the tasks a dramaturg may undertake in a play’s artistic development?
-      Take over for the director during the theatrical run.
1.    Scholarly dramatic criticism is itself a literary art, of which works by Aristotle, Goethe, Shaw, and Nietzsche have outlasted their presumed subjects and helped shape our vision of life.
1.    The public form of play analysis following a production is called
Dramatic criticism
Generally the playwright is more intelligent and better informed than the members of the audience
1.    A member of the audience may see a play from five different critical and dramaturgical perspectives. What are the five perspectives?
Social, personal, artistic, theatrical, and entertainment value
All plays and play productions can be usefully analyzed and evaluated on the way they use the theatrical format to the best advantage and make us rethink the nature of theatrical production
1.    An audience member’s aesthetic sensibility and response is
A composite of many individual reactions and therefore subjective
1.    The presence of a critical focus in the audience has the effect of keeping the theatre
-      Honest.