THEA 200 Exam 2

77 cards
THEA 200 Exam 2

Theatre Appre Ciation

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Front Back
Shape/outline, can be used in terms of costume, light, props, etc.
Table work
1st couple of rehearsals where the actors, director, and designers talk about the expectations, conventions, and concept of the play
a part of the table work; a read through of the script in character
the creation of forms; "By Design" means the design must be purposeful, even when it is designed not to look like it is.
Technical Director
sees that everything gets built and put together properly and complies with the conventions of the play
Set Designer
scene designer. -defines the space -works with the budget provided -helps set the tone and style of the production -establishes location and period in which the play takes place -develops a design concept consistent with director's concept -provides a central image or metaphor, where appropriate -ensures that scenery is coordinated with other production elements -solves practical design problems
anything on the stage with wheels
special piece built into the stage to be able to rotate the floor; used to switch backgrounds or props around
Ground Plan
Bird's eye view; created with motion in mind
a sheet of plastic, kind of like celophane, that is put over a light to change colors
a cutout that is inserted into a light to cast specific shadows
Light plot
drawing that shows where all the lights will go
Fourth wall
imaginary barrier between stage/actors and the front of house/audience
person whose job is to research the background of the play, setting, plot, or culture
stage manager
coordinates all technical aspects of the production, runs rehearsals, and cues lights and sound
Front of house
auditorium where audience sits
physical form of an object; can refer to actors, clothing, etc. (design term)
putting together an image; lots of things coming together to tell one story (design term)
3D rendering of stage design
sketch/drawing of sets, costumes, props, etc.
Set Dressing
putting together the elements of the set (background, props, lights, etc.)
prearranged changes for lights or sounds
Master electrician
person in charge of making sure lights work and hangs them up
thin, open-weave fabric which is nearly transparent when lit from behind and opaque when lit from the front
Production concept
the central idea in which all designers are working around
first important Greek/western dramatist   -added the 2nd actor to theatre presentations who played several parts in a mask -reduced the size of the chorus to 12, making it more manageable -master of the triology
second Greek dramatist   -built on the dramatic form of Aeschylus -raised the size of the chorus to 15 -added a 3rd actor who played several parts with a mask -had a distinctive structure of play writing
third Greek dramatist   -more of a rebel, most modern dramatist -introduced sympathetic portrayl of female characters, increased realism, mixture of tragedy with melodrama and comedy, and skeptical treatment of the gods
author of the only surviving 'Old comedies' of ancient Greece;  satirized prominent figures
piece of fabric used to shine lights on; ALWAYS in the back of the stage
Functions of the Greek Chorus
told the audience about the setting, was very loud, created the mood, and modeled the perfect audience
Conventions of Greek Theatre
-just male actors -actors wore masks -religious ceremonies for ALL people in honor of Dionysus -2-3 actors -chorus of approx. 12-15 people
Reasons for Greek Theatre
they were performed to honor the Greek god, Dionysus, and were to be viewed by all
Greek god honored by Greek theatre
City Dionysia/ Dionysian Festival
annual spring festival in Athens honoring Dionysus, incorporated tragic drama and comedy.  lasted several days, including 3 days devoted to tragedies, and had time set aside for 5 comedies.  Satyr plays were performed; awards were given at the end
Satyr plays
one of the 3 types of classical Greek drama, usually a ribald takeoff on Greek mythology and history that included a chorus of satyrs, mythological creatures who were half-man and half-goat.  On festival days in Athens, it was presented as the final play following 3 tragedies.
song and dance parties/orgies honoring Dionysus
root of the word "tragedy", means "goat song" because they used to sacrifice goats for Dionysus
First Greek actor; stepped out of the chorus and added acting to the Dithyramb
a cart used in Greek theatre to wheel stuff on stage, such as dead bodies  
big crane in Greek theatre used to "fly" people in
Deus ex Machina
means "too contrived or artificial", translated as "God of the machine"
the scene in which the chorus enters; also the entranceway for the chorus in Greek theatre
where the audience sat in Greek theatre; means "seeing place"
a circular playing space in ancient Greek theatres; in modern times, the ground-floor seating in a theatre auditorium
pieces of scenery for Greeks that spin to change to different scenes
back stage house in Greek Theatre; building with a facade and columns
linked to the tragic flaw in Greek theatre; an archery term meaning "to miss the mark"
"building" costumes
to create a costume from scratch in a costume shop
Costume designer
the person responsible for the appearance of each performer onstage
DEFINES form -straight, curved, spiral, etc. -real vs. suggested
TACTILE ASPECT of form -scale from rough to smooth -light reveals texture of form
MODIFIES form -changes dimension -generates optical motion
Costume Designer's Objectives
-helps establish tone and style -indicates historical period and location -indicates nature of individual characters or groups, their stations in life, occupations, and personalities -shows relationships among characters; separates major characters from minor ones; contrast one group with another -meets the needs of individual performers, makes it possible for the actor to move freely in a costume; allows a performer to dance or engage in a sword fight or make quick changes -must be consistent with production as a whole, especially with other visual elements
Lighting Designer's Objectives
-Provide visibility -help establish time and place -help create mood -reinforce style of the production -provide focus on stage and create visual compositions -establish rhythm of visual movement
Elements of Stage Lighting
-Intensity -color -direction -form -movement
Sound designer
person responsible for arranging and orchestrating all aural (sound) effects
lights dim slowly, changing the scene from brighter to darker
one set of lights comes down while another comes up
all the lights are shut off at once
Raked Stage
when the stage of the theatre is slanted
Role of the Director
-casts the play -works with all the designers -makes sure the play is unified -works intensely with performers during rehearsals -prepares the action onstage -composes the stage picture -gives shape and structure to the play in space and time
Broadway House
1 of the 30 professional theatres in NYC with 500 seats or more
Between 100 and 499 seats
fewer than 100 seats
Lighting Designer
knows which elements or qualities of light will achieve the objectives of the play
Willing Suspension of Disbelief
audience puts aside all literal and practical considerations in order to enter into the world of the drama
Given Circumstances
the specific aspects of the situation and setting of the play
Stage Picture
visual composition; how the entire scene will appear to the audience
Technical Rehearsal
rehearsal at which all the design and technical elements are brought together
Dress Rehearsal
rehearsal in which a play is performed as it will be for the public, including all the scenery, costumes, and technical effects
Run Through
rehearsal in which the cast goes through the entire text of the play in the order that it will be performed
special viewing of the play before the opening night
the person responsible for the business side of a production, including raising the necessary money.
Property or Props
"prop" comes from the word "property"; referst to any object that will be used onstage but is not a permanent part of the scenery or costumes
Trap door
hole in the stage that is hidden and used for quick exits by actors
the equivalent of a modern day producer from classical Greek theatre