Statutory Interpretation - Crim

4 cards

1L Criminal Law clas

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Vagueness Doctrine
A person is denied due process of the law if convicted for a violation of a statute that lacks clarity. Must give sufficient notice.
Rule of Lenity
If statute has conflicting reasonable interpretations, then should be interpreted against the govt.

Must be ambiguous after researching Congress' purpose and still unknown.

MPC and Majority reject rule of lenity
Clear Statement Rule
When a statute contains a common law term, the presumption is that a term retains its common law meaning if there is no statutory definition.
What do courts look at when interpreting statute?
Legislative history
Expression of another is the exclusion of the other.
Of the Same Kind: General words construed to be of the same kind