Sociology Test 2 Chapter 8

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Sociology Test 2 Chapter 8


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Right vs. wrong reasons to get married
Right                                                Wrong
Emotional Security                        Physical Attractiveness/
Companionship                             Emotional security
Desire to be a parent                    Pressure from other                                                              people
                                                           Escape, rebellion, rebound
What is the history of interracial marriage in the US?
black white marriages banned in 1600s, even after civil war laws against interracial cohabitation were passed, targeting asian immigrants coming into the country, civil rights movement slowly changed that
Supreme Court decision on interracial marriage
Loving vs. Virginia, ruled that laws against interracial marriage are unconstitutional
What are the “ rituals” associated with marriage?
engagement, wedding ceremony, honeymoon
What is a covenantal marriage agreement/ contract?
an antidivorce contract in which couples demonstrate their strong commitment to marriage by A) getting premarital counseling B) getting marital counseling in times of marital difficulties C) agreeing not to divorce until 2 years of separation
When should a person get a prenup? ( under what conditions)
if one person com into the marriage with a lot more money than the other
At what time in marriage are people happiest? 
the first phase of your marriage before children
What is meant by identity bargaining?
the realities of the marriage oblige spouses to adjust their idealized expectations of each other
What happens in the first year of marriage? 
Loss of independence
 New friends and relatives
Career and domestic roles
What happens to marital satisfaction in the child rearing phase?
changes during this time, child rearing stage( 3)
-work and other responsibilities
-Domestic responsibilities
-Sexual changes
How do most people feel in the middle- age phase?
improved marital satisfaction, with a side of empty nest syndrome
How do partners typically change in the aging phase?
become more relaxed and enjoy each other more 
5 types orf marriages – utilitarian vs. intrinsic
U-COnflict Habituated               I-Vital Marriages
-Devitalized                                   -Total
-Passive Congenial
. 4 types of Good Marriages
Romantic- possible neglect of other relationships
Rescue-  healing, possibility of renewed problems
Companionate- based on equality and friendship
Traditional- husband gets income, women raises kids
What makes for successful marriages?
-similar backgrounds
-Commonalities: similar interests
-Economic Status
-Domestic work and child care
Positives and negatives of both working
Neg- frustrations of work brought home regret over not spending time with the children
Pos- more income, if satisfied with job can be a positive effect on marriage
Flexible vs. static marriages
static don't change don't allow changes in the spouse
flexible allow the partners to change over time and to grow as individuals