Sociology Ch. 13, 14, 15 Vocab.

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Sociology Ch. 13, 14, 15 Vocab.

Vocabulary Of Ch. 13, Education. 14, Religion. 15, Medicine.

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the view that academic degrees indicate the holders' qualifications to perform certain jobs or roles.
Educational Inflation
the situation in which the credentials required to obtain a job increase while the skills necessary to perform the job remain the same
white flight
an upsurge in white families moving to suburban neighborhoods to avoid mandatory busing
assigning students to dfferent educational programs on the basis of their abilities or interests
magnet schools
schools that offer specialized programs or intensive studies in certain subject areas to draw students from all residential areas of the community
when children acquire education in their own homes, taught by their parents or other adults
hidden curriculum
lessons taught in school that do not appear as part of the formal lesson plans and learning obectives
self-fulfilling prophecy
Process whereby an authority figure's expectations and assumptions cause behaviors that fulfills those expectations and assumptions
those things that have supernatural significance and qualities
those things that are regarded as part of ordinary life
commonly routinized behaviors that express and reinforce religious faith
a formal religious organization that is well established and well integrated into its society
a church that is a state's official religion
a religion that maintains friendly relations with the government and with other religions but that does not claim to be the nation's only legitimate faith
a loosely organized, nonbureaucratic religious organization with nonprofessional leadership that actively rejects the social environment in which is exists.
a religious organization that has little or nothing to do with conventional relgious traditions and believes that society is degenerate and that the members of the organization must withdraw together from normal life and live apart in group quarters or a commune.
belief in the worship of one god
belief in the worship of more than one god
a belief system that emphasizes living a "good" life rather than worshipping a deity
the declinng influence of religion in life combined with an increasing influence of science
civil religion
quasi-religious beliefs that link people to society and country
a large religious congregation in which the church becomes a life center around which people organize their activities and provides its members wth many montraditional services and facilities
a widespread outbreak of a contagious disease
an outbreak of contagious disease over a very large area or worldwide
a pathology that disrupts the usual functions of the body
the capacity to satisfy role requirements
Health Maintenance Organization
An insurance plan combined wth a physical facility for delivering health care
a federal health insurance program for the elderly, fnanced by taxes of working people and on their employers and by a monthly fee for those enrolled in the program
a federal health insurance program adminstered at the state level targeted to the poor and the disabled
medicalization of society
the expansion and taking over of areas of lfe by medicine that were formerly part of another social institution
pretending to be sick to achieve some personal or social gain
sick role
a social role developed by socety for the sick, who, if they play the role correctly, are released form life's normal obligations for the duration of the illness
preventative medicine
medical treatments and nformaton that am to prevent disease and maintain health
cultural competence
the ability of the health care system to provide care talored to the specific cultural needs of patients wth diverse values, beliefs, and behaviors