Sociology 2

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Sociology 2

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Power relations amoung people or other social actors
The justifiable right to exercise power 
Charismatic Authority
Authority that rests in the superhuman appeal of an individual leader
Traditional Authority 
Authority based on appeals to past tradition 
Legal Rational Authority 
A system of authority based on legal impersonal rules; the rules rule 
The clear rule-governed procedures used repeatedly for decision making 
An ever-expanding process of ordering or organizing
A legal rational organization or mode of administration that governs with reference to rules and roles and which emphasizes meritocracy 
Process of making work consist of specific delimited rules 
Methods of labor management introduced by Fredrick Winslow Taylor to streamline the processes of mass production in which each worker repeatdly performs  one specific task 
Society that bases status and mobility on individual attributes ability and achievement 
Milgram Experiment 
Experiment devised in 1961 by Stanely Milgram a psychologist at Yale University to see how far ordinary people would go to obey a scientific authority figure 
The ability to carry out ones own will despite resistance
Probablilty that a command with specific content will be obeyed by a given group of people 
Weber " a human community claims the monopoly of the legitimate is of physical force within a given territory"
The use of force to get others to do what you want 
Paradox of Authority 
State's authority derives from the implicit threat of physical force resorting to coercion strips that state of all legitimate authority 
International State System 
A system in which each state is recognized as territorially sovereign by fellow states 
Welfare State 
System in which the state is responsible for the well being of its citizens 
Citizenship Rights 
Rights gaurenteed to each law-abiding citizen in a nation-state
Political rights 
Rights gaurenteeing a citizens ability to participate in politics including th right to vote and the right to hold an elected office 
Social Rights 
Rights gaurenteed a citizens protection by the state
Soft Power
Power attained by/ through the use of cultural attractiveness rather than the threat of coercive action 
(hard power) 
System of government where in power theoritically lies with the people ; allowed to vote, speak freely, and participate as legal equals in social life 
Form of government that restricts the right to political participation to a small group or even to a single individual 
Game Theory 
Study of strategic decisions under conditions of uncertainty and interdependence 
Collective Action Problem 
Difficulty in organizing large groups because of the tendency of some individuals to free load or slack off 
Political Party 
Organization that seeks to gain power in a government generally by backing canidates for office who suscribe to the organizations political ideas   
Interest Group
Organization that seeks to gain power in government and influence  policy without direct-election or appointment to office 
Political Participation 
Activity that has the intent of effect or influencing government action