Sociology 2 Chapter 8

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Sociology 2 Chapter 8

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A socially defined position in a group or society
Social Differentiation
The process by which different statuses develop
Social Stratification
A hierarchy of sociological "power" determined mostly by what groups have access to resources and percieved social wealth. Structured social inequality
Estate system
A system where there is one powerful leader who is the elite who has control over the resources. 
Caste System
Ascribed status, or it is given at birth. Apartheid
Class system
Achieved status, Their status depends on them. 
Social Class
The Social Structural position groups hold relative to the resources of society. 
Life Chances
The chances people have in life because of their social class. Max Weber
Conspicuous Consumption
Thorstein Veblen. The display of goods defines ones social class.
Economic Restructuring 
The decline of manufacturing jobs, the increase of technological change, and the process of globalization. 
Net Worth
All financial assets - debt
Socioeconomic status
Income, occupational prestige, education
Educational Attainment
measured as total years of formal education
Urban Underclass
those below the lower class- those not likely to get jobs and that life on welfare
a system in which status is based on merit or accomplishments only
Social Mobility
movement over time from one class to another 
Class Consciousness
The perception that a class structure exists alolng wit ha feeling of shared identification with otheres in one's class, or those who share your life chances. "WE"
False consciousness
Karl Marx. A domoinant class influences subordinate classes wiht beliefs, so people think they have their own class with ideas, but they are actually doing what the dominant class wants. 
Max Weber
Class- Economic part
Status- Social Prestige
Party- political power
Poverty Line
Amount of money needed to support the basic needs of a household. Determined by government. 
Feminization of Poverty
Women and children that are poor. 
Culture of Poverty
The poor are poor because they lack work ethic and values and are irresponsible, etc. 
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. Families can recieve help for 5 years, but they have to find work within two years. If they don't, they do community service.