Sociology 100 Midterm 2 - CH 7

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Personal– social identity continuum

    • Can vary across contexts
    • Always in flux
  • Some are master statuses
  • Master status: The most influential status in an individual’s status set.
    • Either in our own eyes or the eyes of others
    • Associated with auxiliary traits
The range of traits you possess that emphasize the
manner in which you see yourself as a unique individual on one end and those which underscore your membership in a group on the other end.
Auxiliary traits
Characteristics that are presumed to accompany a specific master status.
Looking- glass self
The sense of ourselves that we develop based on our perceptions of how others view us.
  • Interactionist perspective – Yes
  • Looking Glass self...
    • We imagine how we appear to others
    • We imagine how they judge that appearance
    • We incorporate those perceived judgements into our own self

  • Looking- glass self: The sense of ourselves that we develop based on our perceptions of how others view us.
  • Significant others have more impact than the generalized other

Committing further crimes after having been convicted of a crime.
Biological characteristics that include sex chromosomes, primary sex characteristics, and secondary sex characteristics.
  • Not a dualism, bit rather a spectrum
  • Millions of people in the world are intersexed
  • The sex dualism is a social construction (how you're supposed to act)
      • Sex = biology
        • Dualism - male / female

A contrast between two opposing categories.
The expected and actual thoughts, feelings, and behaviours associated with a particular sex, within a certain culture, at a given point in history.
  • Cross-cultural variation
    • In the behavioural expectations of women & men
    • In the recognition of multiple sex-gender combinations
  • Period of Industrialization
    • Cult of domesticity – women learn to be homemakers Example: European Medical history – Forceps and women bye bye. 1950`s article in text.
      • Gender = culture
        • Dualism - masculine / feminine
The thoughts, feelings, and behaviours associated with being female.
The thoughts, feelings, and behaviours associated with being male.
  • Traditional masculinity
    • Worker, self made man etc.
    • Turner Thesis (1893)
      • Individualism, ambitious, rational accumulators
Sexual attraction to members of the “ opposite sex.”
Sexual attraction to members of the “ same sex.”
A person whose physical sex characteristics fall outside the boundaries of the dualism of male/ female.
Traditional masculinity in an extreme and exaggerated form. Media driven
Sexual attraction to both males and females.

Sexual script
The framework that we use to understand our own sexuality and that guides our sexual lives. Sexual scripts are learned behaviours, they are learned within 3 different levels. Intrapsychic, interpersonal and cultural.
Individuals who identify themselves with another sex, and seek to live their lives on that basis.
Who am I?
  • Functionalist – men are this way & women are that way
  • Feminist – If things are constructed and there is no inherent nature then the starting place is freedom. There's not human nature, only human behaviour.
  • Symbolic Interactionist – All human behaviour is socialized
Different gender experiences and Division of labour
  • Conflict Theory
    • “Hierarchies of incomes” essential for wealth accumulation
    • Family used to reproduce economic structures & class conditions
  • Interactionist
    • Gender identities learned
    • Become ritualized cultural performances
      • Based on societal codes of gender
  • Feminist Theories
    • Liberal: Equality = “equality of opportunity”
      • Equality comes through legislation
    • Marxist: capitalism & private property subordinate women (King of the hill game, women are at the bottom of hill)  
    • Cultural: reifies male / female differences
      • typically a political ideology (Example: R.E.A.L. Women – think women should remain in the home)
    • Other feminisms: women not a single group
      • 3rd wave – women have different educational, occupational, ethnic, class, sexual backgrounds and / or experiences
  • Postmodernism
    • question the possibility of gender identities  
      • identities socially constructed ideas  
      • gender is performance
        • It changes – it's fluid, artificial, malleable, ambiguous  
      • No single explanation for women's circumstances