Social Work Terms

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A term coined by the archbishop of canterbury during WW2 to describe those governments that commit themselves to the use of resources and development of social policies for the collective well being of all
welfare state
cash transfer provided by one level of government to another, the amount of the transfer fixed independently of the purpose the funds are put to
block grants
cash transfer from one level of government to another, the amount of which is tied to its intended purpose
specific-purpose grant
transfer of money from one level of govt to another, no particular commitment by the recipient govt. to any type of expenditure
equalization payment (unconditional grant)
an unequal relationship in fiscal capacity between richer and poorer provinces
horizontal imbalance
an unequal relationship in fiscal capacity between the fed. and any prov. govt
vertical imbalance
a particular level of govts ability to change the total or composition of its revenues or expenditures
fiscal capacity
grant tied directly to an expect type of service delivery
conditional grant
Intro in 1966, funding agreement that enabled the fed. govt to cost share (50/50) with provinces for delivery of education. health, and social service commitments.
Canada assistance plan (CAP)
replaced CAP in 1996, resulted in 15% decrease in fed. transfers to provinces, provinces free to allocate funds how they see fit
Canada Health and SOcial Transfer (CHST)
social welfare programs implemented on the basis of assessed need. eligibility based on means test
selective programs
Social welfare programs based on national and categorical membership.Proivde services to all persons regardless of need
universal programs
proportion of taxes paid increases with earnings
progressive Income tax system
everyone pays the same taxes, regardless of income
regressive income tax system
cash payment to an indiviudal or family based on demographic characteristics instead of need
selective income security programs that use a means test or needs test to determine eligibility
social assistance
income security programs in which eligbility for benefits is determined by previous record n contribution and on occurance of a particular contingency
social insurance