Science 10 Final Exam

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Flashcards To Help Study For The Science 10 Provincial Exam.

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Describe “biome.”
Regions with similar biotic and abiotic components.
Describe “biotic components.”
All living things within a biome.
Describe “abiotic components.”
All non-living things within a biome.
How does latitude influence tempurature and precipitation?
The sun shines on different parts of the world for different periods of time due to the earth’s rotation and tilt, making certain places warmer or colder.
Describe “climate.”
The average pattern of weather over a period of several years.
Describe “structural adaptation.”
A physical feature that helps an organism survive.
Describe “physiological adaptation.”
A physical or chemical event inside the body of an organism that allows it to survive.
Describe “behavioural adaptation.”
A behaviour that helps an organism to survive.
Arrange the following from biggest to smallest; species, community, biosphere, ecosystem, organism, habitat, biome, population.
Biosphere, biome, ecosystem, habitat, community, population, species, organism.
Describe “commensulism.”
One species benefits, the other is not affected.
Describe “mutualism.”
Both species benefit.
Describe “parasitism.”
One species benefits, the other is harmed.
Describe “niche.”
The role an organism has within an ecosystem.
Describe “competition.”
What happens when a limited resource is desired by two or more organisms in a niche.
Describe “predation.”
The relationship between the predators and the prey.
Describe “biodiversity.”
The variety and number of different species in an ecosystem.
Describe “biomass.”
The total mass of all living things in a given area.
Describe “producers.”
Plants which make carbohydrates during photosynthesis.
Describe “photosynthesis.”
CO+ H2O + Sunlight → C6H12O6 + O2
Describe “consumers.”
Animals which feed on plants and other animals.
Describe "decomposers/detrivores."
Animals which feed on waste and dead organisms through the process of biodegradation.
Arrange the following from first trophic level to fourth trophic level; Secondary consumers, producers, tertiary consumers, primary consumers.
Producers, primary consumers, secondary consumers, tertiary consumers.
Describe "herbivores."
Primary consumers which feed on plants.
Describe "carnivores."
Secondary consumers, which feed on non-producers (herbivores) or tertiary consumers, which feed on secondary consumers.
Describe "omnivores."
Consumers which feed on both plants and animals.
How much energy is taken in by consumers and used in chemical reactions in the body or is lost as heat energy?