Religion Study Notes. Page 1

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Religion Study Notes. Page 1

Page One Of Study Notes For Religion Exam

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What is ethics?
discipline that deals us the nature of the good, nature of the human person and criteria that we use for making judgements. 
What is morality?
A system of right conduct based on fundamental beliefs and obligations to follow certain codes, norms, customs of behaviour. 
The difference of ethics and morality?
Ethics: good that humans tend towards.Morality: humans can attain this good. 
What are the characteristics of Aristotle? 
1. Humans find happiness within community.2. To be happy is to live well and to do well.3. Human activity aims at achieving the good.4. Since the highest capacity of human is to be rational, the highest form of happiness is based on rational behaviour. 
What are the characteristics of Kant?
1. Ethics is a matter of one's inner conviction and autonomy.2. Human act is morally good when it done for the sake of the duty3. The use of reason is central to moral life- duty is determined by principals 4. I act in such a way that the principles according to which I act should become a universal law. 
What are the characteristics of Levinas?
1. The central question in Philosophy is where is the good.2. Each thing or person is unique expression of the good. 3. The face of another calls me to respond.4. Goodness translates into responsibility for the other. 
What are the Naturalism Principles?
1. Most widely help philosophy2. Everything on this earth has a cause and effect purpose.3.We are not ourselves, but product of our genes.4. does not believe in freewill, morals or ethics. 
what is Naturalism?
everything is explained by science. ex. If you get mad at your parents its not a decision it's your hormones.