Psychology Chapter 6 Practice Quiz

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Psychology Chapter 6 Practice Quiz

Psychology Ch Apter 6

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TIm is studying for a test. After seven consecutive hours of studying, he finds that he can remember what he just finished studying, but he can no longer remember what he studied 5 or 6 hrs ago. TIm's memory problems are BEST explained by...
retroactive interference
A test that requires one to reproduce information in any order is a ____ test of memory.
free recall
The items on this test illustrate which method of testing memory?
The concept of a house would be stored in ____.
long-term memory
Hermann Ebbinghaus found that memory is best immediatley after we learn information, and we gradually forget more as time passes. WHat name is given to this observation?
curve or forgetting
The process of getting info our of memory is known as:
The process of selective looking, listening, smelling and feeling is called _____.
What are the components of the information processing model in order?
Encoding, Storage, retrieval
Our memories of general knowledge items such as the meanings of words or the dates of famous historical events are stored in ____
semantic memory
The state psychology association has invited teams from all the colleges in the state to compete in a Psych Bowl. The teams will answer questions such as "Who founded the first psychology laboratory?" Where is this information stored?
long-term memory
Someone a short distance away, to whom we have been paying no attention, quietly speaks your name, and suddenly you are attending to that conversation. This is a example of ___.
the cocktail party phenomenon
A recognition test requires one to:
pick the correct answer from among several possible ones provided
Semantic Memory is organized ___.
Information in short-term memory is retained___.
as long as it is rehearsed
One feature of the Arkinson and Shiffrin model of memory is that :
all information going into long-term memory must first pass through both sensory store and short-term memory
Students in a psychology experiment were exposed to three notes of music for a very short period of  time and then asked to recall them. If the instructions to recall the notes came immediately, the students usually succeeded. If the intructions came more than three seconds after the notes were played, the students were much less successful. THe MOST plausible explanantion for this phenomenon is that, in the latter case, ______.
The echo faded before being stored in short-term memory.
Reproducing what one has learned exactly as one learned it, is required in the ___method of testing memory.
serial recall
The average memory span consists of ____ items
7 Seven
Most ppl cant store the following list of letters in short-term memory. GOTOYOURBEDROOM  However if the letters are grouped into words, they fit short-term's memory span: Go to your bedroom. This illustrates ___>
Encoding is:
representing information
information in short-term memory is coded ____.
acoustically and visually
Which of the following is an example of semantic memory?
Memory span is characteristic of:
short-term memory
Flashbulb memories
concern events that are highly significant
Which statement about long-term memory is true?
all of the above
the passing of time causes forgetting according to____.
decay theory
Your tutor has "one last word" for you before she ends todays session. She tells you to study material in the middle of your study session a little harder. What concept from memory research is the basis of her advice?
serial position effect
Which type of memory is concerned with remembering the day your parents bought you a car?
episodic memory
Chunking is a meansof --->
organizing information into meaningful units
The theory that states that we forget information because other information gets in the way is the ____ theory.
Sensory store memory:
holds information for one or two seconds
An individual's semantic memory contains:
background knowledge about words, symbols, concepts and rules arranged as hierarchies of information in categories and subordinate categories
information that was either unintentionally committed to or unintentionally retired from memory is known as___.
implicit memory
Retrieval cues ___.
are important in helping us remember items stored in long-term memory
Which memory system provides us with a very brief image of all the stimuli present at a particular moment?
sensory memory
The hippocampus is instrumental in:
transferring information from short-term to long-term memory
On a TV game show, Jeannette is asked to name the state capital of Vermont. This information is most likely stored in _____.
semantic memory
Long-term memory is sometimes unreliable because of ___ of information
Memory is classically defined as...
the ability to retain information over time
Proactive interference of long-term memory means ____
old material interferes with memory of new material