Philosophy 1320 Study Guide Exam 2

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Philosophy 1320 Study Guide Exam 2

Study Guide For Exam 2 philosophy 1320

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the intrinsic good at which every action and decision is ultimately aimed. (happiness is an insufficient translation of eudaimonia)
Ergon Argument 
If X has a goal or end E, then it is a good X if it produces excellent (or virtuous) E.
Doctrine of the Mean 
the goal of the mean is to maintain balance and harmony from directing the mind to a state of constant equilibrium.  A superior person is cautious, a gentle teacher and shows no contempt for their inferiors
Aristotle’s 2 kinds of virtues
intellectual and moral.  Both must be taught, neither arises naturally.
The 11 Virtues
·         Courage ·         Temperance (Moderation)
Concerned with Money: ·         Liberality (Generosity) ·         Magnificence
Concerned with Honor: ·         Pride ·         Good Temper
Social Virtues: ·         Honesty ·         Wittiness ·         Friendliness ·         Justice (Book V) ·         Shame (quasi-virtue)  (extreme: shamelessness)
useful friendships and utility friendships tend to blur together
Three types of Friendship
 based on utility (usefulness) -instrumental - bartender based on pleasure – instrumental - drinking buddies complete or perfect (true) friendship – intrinsic – both parties value each other intrinsically
a teleological  theory, in that it is concerned with the outcome or consequences of an action; the end, as opposed to an action being intrinsically wrong such as indeontological theories. In the case of situational ethics, the ends can justify the means.
Criticism of situationism
situational ethics is typically based off of the future consequence and the future is hard to see.
Life of contemplation 
is the life of happiness, is the life which leads to the final end
Intrinsic value 
the philosophical value and object has “for its self” as an intrinsic property
instrumental value 
value of object, both physical and abstract
when one knows an action will do more harm than good, but chooses to do it anyway
love of ones fellow man, or the love of god for one’s mankind
“brotherly love” or friendship
intimate love or erotic love, the word erotic is derived from eros