Organich Chemistry Synthesis

17 cards

Learning Which Solvents Get Which Products.

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Add a branched group
Tag a Br on the end that adds to ring, use AlCl3 as catalyst
Add a halide -Cl
FeCl3 Cl-Cl
Add NO2
Convert NO2 to NH2
ZnHg & HCl or H2Pd
Convert NH2 to NO2
oxidize CR3COOOH
Reduce something with a double bond to oxygen to a single-bond hydrocarbon
ZnHg & HCl or H2Pd
Oxidize a hydrocarbon to contain a double bonded oxygen
CrO3 H2SO4 H2O
Oxidize an alkyl
Total reduction (including armomaticity)
H2Pt at 2000psi or H2Rh
Add SO3
Remove SO3
H3O+ H2O
Grignard Reaction

Grignard reaction. This reaction adds a halomagnesium reagent (Grignard reagent) to a carbonyl to make an alcohol.

Diels-Alder reaction. This reaction takes a diene and a dienophile to make ringed and bicyclic products. Makes 2 C-C bonds.

Friedel-Crafts reactions (for aromatic rings). This reaction makes an aromatic-carbon bond.

The Wittig Reaction. Makes a carbon-carbon double bond starting with a carbonyl compound phosphonium ylide
Cyanide addition

Cyanide additions to primary halides.
Acetylide Reactions

Acetylide reactions. These reactions involve use of an acetylide (a deprotonated terminal alkyne) as a nucleophile. Typically, the acetylide is used to attack a primary halide (or a carbonyl group to make an alcohol.