Latin II Phrases

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Latin II Midterm: Phrases

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ab uno disce omnes
From one, learn about all.

From Book 2 of the Aeneid (Fall of Troy) by Vergil.
ad Kalendas Graecas
at the greek Kalends (never)
alis volat propris
She flies on her own wings. State motto of OREGON.

Self supporting
amicus curiae
a friend of the court

A back up for a case brought in by the court.
animis opibusque parati
prepared in mind and body. State motto of SOUTH CAROLINA

Comes from end of Book 2 in the Aeneid by Vergil.
annus mirabilis
a wonderful year.

reverse: annus horribils
arma virumque cano
I sing of arms and a man.

From the first lines of Aenied.
audemus iura nostra defendere
we dare to defend our rights. State motto of ALABAMA.
aurea mediocritas
golden mean. By Horace (Augustan poet).

freer: perfect balance
aut viam inveniam aut faciam
Either I will find a way or I will make one.

Simmilar to "Where there's a will, there's a way"
ave atque vale
hail and farewell.

Said when a significant person has died or left something they did well behind.
bis dat qui cito dat
he gives twice who gives quickly. (he who gives quickly gives twice)
casus belli
a case of war.

A justification for war.
ceteris paribus
with other things being equal.

With all things being equal
Citus Altis Fortis
Faster Higher Stronger.

Olympic motto. All words are compartive adverbs.
Cras amet qui umquam amavit, quique amavit cras amet.
let him who never loved, love tommorow and let who has loved let him love tomoorow.

A part of an anonymous poem recited at "Pervigilium Veneris"--a women's fertility fesival in the spring.
crescit eundo
it grows by going
Cum tacent, clamant
When they are silent, they shout. 
 actions are louder than words.
-By Cicero
 -an oxymoron
stands for: curriculum vitae
means: the curriculum of life
Delenda est Carthago
Carthage must be destroyed.
Said after every speech Cato made in the senate.
minimis non curat lex
The law does not care about the smallest things.
Deo Gratiam Habeamus
Let us have thanks for God.
Let us be thankful to God.
De Rerum Natura
about the nature of things.
freer: on the nature of things.

The title of a epicurian book written by Lucritious.
Diem perdidi
I have lost a day.

By Suetonius; said by Titus.
dies irae
day of anger

freer: judgement day
I steer. State motto of MAINE
Ditat Deus
God enriches. State motto of ARIZONA
Dulce est desipere in loco
It is sweet to be unwise in place.
freer: It is sweet to play the fool at times.
By Horace
dux femina facti
a woman is the leader of the deed.

-line from the Aeneid by Vergil
-About Dido founding Carthage.
ecce homo!
look, a man!
real translation: behold the man

talking about Jesus
ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem
He seeks peaceful quiet under liberty with a sword.
esse quam videri
to be rather than to seem. State motto of NORTH CAROLINA.
esto perpetua
be forever. State motto of IDAHO
I have found (it). Motto of CALIFORNIA--relates to gold rush of 1849.

Said by Archimedes when he discovered water displacement.
Higher! State motto of NEW YORK
ex nihilo nihil fit
Nothing is made out of nothing.

By Lucretious
sate singuine divum, Tros Anchisiade, facilis descensus Averno....
Born of the blood of the gods, Trojan son of Anchises, easy is the descent of Avernus

Said by the Sibyl at Cumae to Aeneas.
fiat iustitia ruat caelum
literal: let justice be done, let the sky fall
freer: let justice be done though the heavans fall
fides Punica
Punic faith

modern equivalent: Dutch Treat
fidus Achates
faithful Achates
(from the Aeneid)
a faithful friend
stands for: floruit
translation: he/she/it flourished

Seen in history to represent the peak of a civilazation.
fons et origo
fountain and origin

the source of something
fortier in re, suaviter in modo
bravely in the thing, sweetly in the method

resolutely in action, gently in manner
gaudeamus igitur,

iuvenes dum sumus,
Post iucundam inventutem,
Post molestam senectutem,
Nos habebit humus.
Therefore let us rejoyce,
while we are young,
after happy youth,
after bothersome old age,
the ground will have us.
Hannibal ad portas
Hannibal at the gates.
"Danger is right outside"
horresco referens
I shudder while relating

from book 2 of the Aenied fall of Troy
homo homini lupus
man is a wolf to man
horror vacui
fear of emptiness
ignis fatuus
foolish fire
st elmo's fire
an elusive goal
ignoratia legis neminem excusat
ingnorance of the law excuses no one
in extremis
at the moment of death
infra dig.
infra dignitatem
under dignity
beneath dignity
integer vitae,
scelerisque purus

whole of life and of wickedness pure
(an example of chiasmus)
Labor omnia vincit
labor conquers all
work conquers all
locum tenens
place holding
a substitue
lusus naturae
a play of nature
a freak of nature
Media vita in morte sumus
In the midst of life we are in death
memento mori
remember to die
a reminder of death
montani semper liberi
mountaineers are always free
multum in parvo
much in little
good things come in small packages
a little kindness does much good
nemo liber est que corpori servit
no one is free who serves his body
no one is free who is a slave to his body

less concern for self, more for others
 stoic philosophy
nemo me impune lacessit
no one harms me with impunity
                                            ^without punishment
nil novi sub sole
nothing new under the sun
from the Bible Ecclesiastes 1:9
nil sine numine
nothing without a nod
nothing without divine power
noli me tangere
don't touch me

said by Jesus in John 20:17
non ignara mali miseris succurrere disco
not ignorant of evil, I am learning to help those in need

said by Dido in book 1 Aeneid
non omnis moriar
I shall not wholly die

nunc est bibendum
now it must be drunk
now it is time to drink

obiter dictum
a thing said incedentially
legal phrase
a thing said in passing
oderint dum metuant
let them hate provided they fear
what a dictator might say
Odi et amo, quare id faciam fortasse requiris.
Nescio, sed fieri sentio et excrucior.
I hate and /i love, perhaps you ask why I am doing it.
I do not know, but I feel it happenning and I am tortured.
-Catulus (~50B.C)
omne ignotum pro magnifico est
everything uknown is thought to be magnificent
op. cit.
opera citato
with the work having been cited
freer: in the works cited
in the same place