Infection Control - Precautions (Acronyms)

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Nursing, Infection Control, Acronyms, Precautions


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Airborne/Contact (A/C) diseases
think of AC Slater, aka, Mario Lopez from Saved by the Bell. A high school student, and just think of high school as a time for acne and pimples or dots or chicken pox marks - MMHS (Mira Mesa High School) Measles (rubeola), - yes M. tuberculosis, - yes Herpes zoster (Shingles) - yes
Contact diseases
roup, - yes
SV (respiratory syncytial virus), - yes
mpetigo, - yes
[M]RSA, - yes
[P]ediculosis, - yes
[S]cabies - yes
Droplet/Contact (DC) diseases
think of Washington DC and there are political people so we must be proper. So, MRS. DiP –
[M]umps, - yes
[R]ubella,  - yes
[S]carlet Fever, - yes

[Di]ptheria, - yes
[P]ertussis (Whooping Cough) - yes
Droplet precaution diseases
I can’t really think of one for this, but, I thought of PIMS
[P]neumonia, - yes, but depends [I]nfluenza, - yes
[M]eningitis, - yes, but depends
[S]trep. Pharyngitis - yes
Airborne Precautions - Barriers
1. Private room or with patient with same infection 2. Negative air pressure 3. Keep door closed 4. Place mask on patient if being transported
Droplet Precautions - Barriers
1. Private room or with patient with same infection 2. Keep 3 keet away from patient 3. Door may remain open 4. Place mask on patient if being transported
Contact Precautions - Barriers
1. Private room or with patient with same infection 2. Clean, nonsterile gloves 3. Wear gown when entering room if clothing will have contact 4. Remove gown before leaving 5. Use dedicated equipment or clean and disinfect bet. patients
Standard precaution diseases:
You can still be "LL HIP" even if you are standard???
- Lyme Dis - yes - Legionnaire’s disease - yes - Haemophilus Influenza PNEUMONIA - yes
UTI:nursing considerations
- drink fluids , antibiotics, sitz bath
Elderly - sign of infection:
tachypnea, tachy, confusion
TB: classic signs
- persistent cough with blood-tinged sputum and night sweats - put mask on patient to prevent spread
Hep A: child can return to school
1 week after onset of jaundice.
Hepatitis precautions for all
Haemophilus influenzae pneumonia (precaution)
standard precaution - YES

For infants, it is droplet and standard
Localized herpes zoster
contact precaution, bc localized - yes

Non-immunocompromised patients with shingles only have the virus in their skin lesions and are only infectious by direct contact.
Lyme disease
standard precaution - yes

contact by tick
Infectious mononucleosis
standard precaution - yes

Mono is spread by person-to-person contact. Saliva is the primary method of transmitting mono. aka "kissing disease"
 "mononucleosis" refers to an increase in one type of white blood cells (lymphocytes) in the bloodstream relative to the other blood components as a result of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection
Legionnaire’s disease
standard precaution - yes

Infection cannot be acquired from another person with legionellosis. 
Pneumococcal meningitis
standard precaution - YES, it really is!

bacteria can be transmitted easily among people who have had close contact
Cutaneous anthrax
standard precaution - yes

Cutaneous anthrax usually occurs when spores from the bacteria enter a cut or scrape on the skin
Droplet - yes
droplet - yes, can be depending on which one.
Meningitis: S&S
nuchal rigidity and photophobia
Clostridium difficile colitis

precaution? causes?
standard / contact precautions

Think of the name - "C. Diff"
can cause pseudomembranous colitis
disseminated herpes zoster(precaution)
A/C precautions

disseminate = "spread widely"