Humanities Final Exam

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Humanities Final Exam

Humanites Art Terms

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bayeux tapestry
depicts the events leading up to the Norman conquest of England as well as the events of the invasion itself. The Bayeux Tapestry is annotated in the Latin language. It is exhibited in a special museum in Bayeux, Normandy, France, with a Victorian era-replica in Reading, Berkshire, England.
Byzantine style
emperor Justinian; Byzatine architects favored the Greek cross plan by which all four arms of the structure were of equal length; the octagonal church of San Vitale,walls of which are embellished with polychrome marble carved alabaster columns and some of the magnificent mosaics in the history of the world,iconography of the Justinian representation illustrates the bond between the Church and state that characterized Byzatine history 
Italian Renaissance style
-Remarkable achievement in arts & creativity -Built upon classical styles & principles -Classical humanism + Christianity -Optimism, individualism, practicality - Art was an original effort to reinterpret Greco-Roman themes and principles
his dome consists of two octagonal shells..incorporates eight curved panels joined by massive ribs that soar upward from the octagonal drum; elegant lantern through which light enters the interior…known as a great feat of engineering ..unknown and unimaginable among the ancients. The dome became a 
Linear, one point perspective:
an ingenious tool for the tranlation of three dimensional space into a two dimensional surface
genre painting 
art depicting scenes from everyday life
a method of painting walls or ceiling surfaces with fresh moist lime plaster
Da Vinci 
: known as a Renaissance man as he was very well rounded an versed in various aspects of the time such as science, obviously art, math, music, and inventions Famous art pieces: Mona Lisa [lifelikeness oil on panel, located in nature instead of interior, demonstrates sfumato technique] and the Last Supper[fused narrative and symbolic content, fresco, linear perspective]
 known for his accuracy and incisiveness Famous art pieces: The Alba Madonna or Madonna and Child and the School of Athens [came to epitomize spatial clarity, decorum, balance, unity of design, and grace]
architect, poet,painter, and engineer; overthrew many traditional constraints, minimizing setting and symbolic details and maximizing the grandeur of figures that seem superhuman in spirit and size Famous pieces: David[ carved from a giant block of Carrara marble something no one had done before...regarded as a symbol of Florentine vigilance] and the creation of Adam 
: early Renaissance sculpture and metal working Famous pieces: Florentine Baptistry Doors: “Gates of Paradise” (1401)
: Early Renaissance sculptor Famous pieces : David [Bronze full round statue: Pagan & Christian elements,youthful, pre-pubescent,Venetian hat,Contraposso stance]
Famous Pieces:La Primavera (Birth of Venus) 1482
Northern Renaissance style 
Not as oriented to classicism & Christianity -intense visual realism” -Western Christianity permanently fractured into Roman Catholic & Protestant groups -European Reformation became social & political reform movement -Themes of folly and satire found in art & lit
Van Eyck 
: perfected the art of oil painting; realism…religious manuscripts and panel paintings Famous pieces: Marriage of Giovanni Aronlfini and his Bride [immediacy]
: detailed the fallability of mankind, its moral struggle and its apocalyptic destiny as oppose to Rapheal and Michael angelo who elevated the natural nobility of  the individual Famous pieces: Garden of Earthly Delights [3 panels first is God creating Adam and Eve the middle one depicts a scene of debotchery and the lasr shows Hell/damnation
Brueghel the Elder
concerned with human folly; concerned with the happenings of   Famous pieces: Blind leading the blind
Gothic Cathedral style
3 elements: pointed arch, ribbed vault, stained glass
Baroque style 

-Extravagant ornamental decoration” (Fiero)

Famous pieces: David fig10.6, Ecstasy of St. Teresa Fig. 10.1
light and color; realism; landscape Famous pieces:The Milk Maid Fig. 10.14
: landscape & religious themes; premier portraitist Famous pieces: Self Portrait as Saint Paul Fig. 10.16
Italy, England, France Rape of Daughters of Leucippus 
Romanesque cathedral style
-Round arches and barrel vaults -Massive stone structures -Saint-Sernin, Toulouse France (Fiero 160-161