History 1302 - Exam 1 - Chapter 21

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American History 1301 - Exam 1 - Chapter 21

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What was the official name of Theodore Roosevelt's regiment?
The First United States Volunteer Cavalry
What was its nickname?
"Rough Riders"
What was the "world movement" Roosevelt spoke of?
establishing the US as a world power, commerce and influence would extend around the globe
What did the expansion of the 1890's seek?
gain island possessions (intended for naval bases, trading outposts, or commercial centers)
What were Americans focused on after the Civil War?
Reconstruction, movement westward, simply making a living
What did James G. Blaine argue for and what was he caught up in?
for the vital importance of foreign markets to continued economic growth. sought wider markets in Latin America, Asia, and Africa, using tariff reciprocity agreements and other measures. caught up in a worldwide scramble for empire.
What did Josiah Strong write and what did he argue for?
Our Country: Its Possible Future and Its Present Crisis. argued for expanding American trade and dominion (exporting both trade and religion)
Who was William Henry Seward, what did he push for, and what did he annex in 1867?
Secretary of State. pushed for an expansive foreign policy. vision for American empire. annexed MIdway Islands
What treaty did Seward make with Russia?
purchase of Alaska (Seward's Folly)
What was Hawaii called, and why were these islands so important?
"Crossroads of the Pacific"
trading ships of many nations stopped there. way station to the Asian markets.
What two men were the main forces behind the new navy?
Alfred Thayer Mahan and Benjamin F. Tracy
What 4 things did Alfred Thayer Mahan argue for?
industrialism (markets), distant ports for markets, large merchant marine and powerful navy, navies needed coaling stations and repair yards meant colonies and colonies became strategic bases.
What impact did war with Spain have on America?
established American empire. stretched into the Caribbean and deep into Pacific and US recognized as "world power"
What mistake did President McKinley make that eventually brought the US into war?
sent the battleship Maine to Havana port, where it exploded.
How long did the Spanish-American War last?
10 weeks
What did John Hay call the Spanish-American War?
"A splendid little war"
What did McKinley decide to do with the Philippines?
annex the Philippines
What were some of the reasons why Americans wanted to annex the Philippines?
"Christianize" them. merchants and industriallists saw them as key to China market and wealth of Asia. legitimate fruits of war
What did Charles Francis Adams, Jr. warn about the possession of colonies?
meant big armies, gov't, and debts
Who led the Filipinos in their fight for independence?
Emilio Aguinaldo
What 3 agreements did America's Open Door policy urge?
1. Nations possessing a sphere of influence would respect the rights and previleges of other nations in that sphere.
2. Chinese gov't would continue to collect tariff duties in all spheres.
3. Nations would not discriminate against other nations in levying port dues and railroad rates within theirt respective spheres of influence.
What was the outcome of the war with Spain?
set back the cause of civil rights. outburst of segregatoin and lynching occurred.
McKinley and Rep. Party soared to new heights of popularity.
US grew to a world power