Health Psychology

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biopsychosocial model
holds that physical illness is caused by a complex interaction of biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors
health psychology
concerned with how psychosocial factors relate to the promotion and maintenance of health and with the causation, prevention, and treatment of illness
occurs when two or more incompatible motivations or behavioral impulses compete for epression
approach-approach conflict
a choice must be made between two attractive goals
avoidance-avoidance conflict
a choice must be made between two unattractive goals
approach-avoidance conflict
a choice must be made about whether to pursue a single goal that has both attractive and unattractive aspects
life changes
any noticeable alterations in one's living circumstances that require readjustment
general adaptation syndrome
a model of the body's stress response, consisting of three stages: alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
refers to efforts to master, reduce, or tolerate the demands created by stress
learned helplessness
a passive behavior produced by exposure to unavoidable aversive events
defense mechanisms
largely unconscious reactions that protect a person from unpleasant emotions such as anxiety and guilt
immune response
the body's defensive reaction to invasion by bacteria, viral agents, or other foreign substances
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
a disorder in which the immune system is gradually weakened and eventually disabled by the human immunodefiency virus (HIV)
catastrophic thinking
involves unrealistically pessimistic appraisals of stress that exaggerate the magnitude of one's problems