Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear

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Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear

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What does JSLIST stand for?
Joint Service Ligntweight Integrated Suit Technology
What does MOPP stand for?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
When under NBC attack, when do you give warning?
After you mask.
What are the proper masking procedures?
Stop bretthing and close your eges, don protective mask, clear mask, check the seal of the mask, sound the alarm to alert others, and continue the mission.
What does C.B.R.N stand for?
Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear
NBC hazards are classified into two types, what are they?
1.  Immediate hazards - produce casualties immediatedly after attack.2.  Residual hazards - delayed effects.
What will replace the Nerve Agent Antidote Kit (NAAK) based on shelf life expiration dates?
The Antidote Treatment, Nerve Agent Auto injector (ATNAA).
What is the number of Antidote Nerve Agent Auto injectors (ATNAA) taht must be given as immediate first aid treatment for nerve agent poisoning?
What is the number of Nerve Agent Atidote Kits (NAAK) that must be given as immediat first aid treatment for nerve agent poisoning?
Alarms and signals convey warnings of NBC contamination.  Units use easily recognizable and reliable alarm methods to respond quickly and correctly to NBC hazards.  What are three typs of alarms and signals?
1.  Audible Alarms2.  Automatic Alarms3.  Visual Signals
What Field Manual covers NBC operations?
FM 3-11
What Field Manual covers NBC Protection?
FM 3-11.4
What Field Manual covers NBC Decontamination?
FM 3-5
What is FM 3-7?
What forms do Chemical Agents come in?
Soldiers in MOPP 4 may lose how much water per hour through perspiration?
1 quart or more
When fitting the protective mask, in what sequence should the straps be tightened?
1.  Forehead Straps2.  Cheek Straps3.  Temple Straps
Which of the NBC reports is most widely used?
What are three types of procedures for MOPP gear exchange?
1.  Buddy Team2.  Triple Buddy3.  Individual
What are three fundamentals of NBC defense?
1.  Avoind Contamination2.  Protection3.  Decontamination
How long should you apply pressure when using the Auto Injector?
10 seconds
what do you do with the Auto injector after injecting?
Stick it through the pocke flap (upper left) so that you do not lose count and so that someone that happens to come across the casualty will know t\hat they have already been give X amount of injcetions and will not give them more than needed.
The protective mask will not protect agains what two types of gases?
Ammonia vapers or carbon monoxide.
When giving Buddy Aid, whose auto injectors whould you use?
The other person (the person's auto injectors that is receiving the medication).
When giving Buddy Aid, how long should you wait if still experiencing the symptoms of Nerve agent, to administer a second nerve agent antdote (MK1)?
Wait 10 to 15 minutes; also wait 10 to 15 minutes between 2nd and 3rd.
When giving Self Aid, how long should you wait if still experiencing the symptoms of a nerve Agent before administering a second MK1?
Immediately give the second and third.
Once a unit has masked, who can make the decision to unmask?
The Unit Commander
What is the shape of the contamination markers?
What type of attack does an M22 ACADA alarm warn you of?
Chemical (ACADA = Automatic Chemical Agent Detection Alarm)
What are the three levels of Decontamination?
1.  Immediate2.  Operational3.  Thorough
How often should you check your protective mask during peacetime?
Before, during and after training event, monthly, and semi-annually.  (refer to TM 3-4240-339-10 and 20&P manuals) The minimum is MONTHLY...
What are the dimensions of an NBC marker?
11 1/2 inches on the top by 3 inches on either side
What are the 9 mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
1.  Unexplained runny nose2.  Unexplained headache3.  Sudden drooling4.  Difficulty seeing (dimness of vision and meiosis)5.  Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing6.  Localized sweating and muscualr twitching in the area of contaminated skin.7.  Stomach cramps8.  Nausea9.  Tachycardia followed y bradycardia (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat with a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute.  Bradycardia is a slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute)
What are 11 severe syptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
1.  Strange or confused behavior.2.  Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breating), and coughing.3.  Severely pinpointed pupils.4.  Red eyes with tearing.5. Vomitin.6.  Sever muscular twitching and general weakness.7.  involuntary urination and defecation.8.  Convulsions.9.  Unconsciousness.10.  Respiratory failure.11.  Bradycardia.
When crossing a contaminated area, what 2 things should you avoid doing?
Stirring up dust and touching anything.
Of these 3, Nerve, Blood, and Blister agents, whick causes the most casualties?
Nerve agents
How should an area that is suspected of contamination be crossed?
Quickly, avoiding depressions and vegetation.
What are the 3 effects of a nuclear explosion?
1.  Blast 2.  Heat3.  Radiation
What is the color of a Nuclear (radiological ) contamination marker?
White background with ATOM in black letters.
What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Nuclear assets?
Las Resort, will use first only if necessary.
What are Flash Burns?
direct burns produced by the flash of thermal rediation from the fireball.
What causes the most casualties in a nuclear attack?
The initial blast and the heat of detonation.
What is the difference between dose Rate and Total Dose?
Dose Rate is the amount of radiation per hour.Total Dose is the actual accumulation.
Who has the authority to order the use of nuclear weapons?
Only the President of the United States of America.
What are the 3 typeds of nuclear bursts?
1.  Air2.  Ground3.  Subsurface
What does an AN VDR-2 detect and measure?
The AN VDR-2 detects and measures nuclear radiation from fallout and radioisotopes.
An NBC-1 report is used to determng what?
the initial detection of NBC weapons usage by the enemy.
What FM covers Nuclear Contamination Avoidance?
FM 3-11.3
For maximum radiation effect, which nuclear burst would you use?
Air Burst
What is the  best way to protect against Biological agents?
Personal Hygiene
Waht is a vector?
A vector is an insect used to disseminate biological agents (fleas, ticks, lice, mosquitoes....).
What is the current U.S. policy regarding the use of Biological assets?
No Use
What is the color of a Biological contamination marker?
Blue background with BIO in red letters.
What does FM 3-3 cover?
Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Contamination Avoidance.
What are the 4 types of microorganisms found in Biological agents?
1.  Bacteria2.  Fungi3.  Rickettsiae4.  Viruses
What is the best decontamination for Biological agents?
Warm soapy water
Where would a biological attack be most effective?
Cities, large troop concentrations, animals and vegetable crops.
How may Chemical Agents be deployed?
5Arterial sprayAriller bombsIndividuals (pollution of water, food and supplies)MinesRockets
What are the most effective time to use chemical agents?
Evening an dearly morning (The lack of wind and sun allows the agents to persist).
Chemical agents are classified by the U.S. into 3 categories, name them.
1.  Persistent2.  Non-persistent3.  Dusty
What is the U.S. policy regarding the use of Chemical assets?
No First Use
What is the color of the Chemical contamination marker?
Yellow with GAS in Red letters
What are the 4 types of Chemical agents?
1.  Nerve 2.  Blister3.  Blood4.  Choking
What decontamination equipment is available available for chemical agents?
M291  SDK- To decontaminate skin.  completely, thorough physical removal, absorption, and neutralization of toxic agents without long-term effects. 
M295 IEDK - To decontaminate chemical protective gloves, mask, hood, over boots, LCE, and weapon.
M100 SDS - to perform immediate decontamination of equipment, vehicles, and crew-served weapons.
FSDS - To perofrm fixed-site and terrain decontamination.  To perform operational and thorough decontamination of vehicles and equipment.
M12A1 PDDA - To spray decontaminating agents, STB slurries and solutions, and hot, soapy water rinses during field decontamination operations.  To pump water or foam to fight fires, deice items, wash vehicles, and pump various fluids.
M17 LDS - To perform operational and thorough decontamination of vehicles and equipment.  To provide troop showers, as necessary.
MPDS - To perform operational and thorough decontamination of vehicles and equipment.