Chapter 14- Therapy

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Chapter 14- Therapy

Final Exam-psych

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techniques employed to improve psychological functioning and promote adjustment to life
insight therapies
the name for the group that therapies are often put together, that seek to increase insight into clients' difficulties
Freudian therapy designed to bring unconscious conflicts, which usually date back to early childhood experiences,into consciousness. Also, Freud's theoretical school of thought, which emphasizes unconscious processes.
Freud explained that becoming aware of previously hidden conflicts permits a release of tension and anxiety, known as catharsis.
free association
According to Freud, when you let your mind wander and remove conscious censorship over thoughts- a processed called free association- interesting and even bizarre connections seem to spring into awareness.
manifest content
according to Freudian dream theory, a therapist might interpret a dream of riding a horse or driving a car, as a desire for, or concern about, sexual intercourse.
latent content
look at manifest content
during free association or dream analysis, Freud found that patients often show resistance-for example, suddenly "forgetting" what they were saying or completely changing the subject.
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the core of call psychoanalytic therapy is interpretation. During free association, dream analysis, resistance, and transference, the analyst listens closely and tries to find patterns and hidden conflicts. At the right time, the therapist explains ( or interprets) the underlying meanings to the client.
psychodynamic therapy
a briefer, more directive contemporary form of psychoanalysis, which emphasizes conscious processes and current problems.
interpersonal therapy (IPT)
is an influential, brief form of psychodynamic therapy. As the name implies, interpersonal therapy focuses almost exclusively on the client's current relationships.
cognitive therapy
therapy that focuses on changing faulty thought processes and beliefs to treat problem behaviors.
the unrealistic things a person tells himself or herself
cognitive restructuring
through this process, insight allows clients to challenge their thoughts, change how they interpret events, and modify maladaptive.
rational-emotive therapy
Developed by Albert Ellis, referring to the four steps involved in creating and dealing with maladaptive 379
cognitive-behavior therapy
designed to reduce both self-destructive thoughts and self destructive behaviors.
humanistic therapy
Therapy that seeks to maximize personal growth through affective restructuring(emotional readjustment)
client-centered therapy
explores thoughts and feelings as a way to obtain insight into the causes for behaviors. page 382
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unconditional positive regard
active listening
group therapy
a form of therapy in which a number of people meet together to work toward therapeutic goals.
self-help group
unlike other group therapy approaches, a professional does not guide these groups. They are simply groups of people who share a common problem, and who meet to give and receive support.
family therapy
treatment to change maladaptive interaction patterns within a family.
behavior therapy
a group of techniques based on learning principles that is used to change maladaptive behaviors.
aversion therapy
uses principles of classical conditioning to create anxiety rather than extinguish it. 385
systematic desensitization
beings with relaxation training, followed by imagining or directly experiencing various versions of a feared object or situation while remaining deeply relaxed. 386
an operant conditioning technique for eventually bringing about a desired (or target) behavior is shaping- providing rewards for sucessive approximations of the target behavior.
modeling therapy
a learning technique in which the subject watches and imitates models who demonstrate desirable behaviors.
biomedical therapy
using physiological interventions (drugs, electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery) to reduce or alleviate symptoms of psychological disorders.
the study of drug effects on the mind and behavior
antianxiety drugs
also known as minor tranquilizers, lower the sympathetic activity of the brain- the crisis of operation- so that anxious responses are diminished or prevented and are replaced by feeling of tranquility and calmness.
antipsychotic drugs
also known as neuroleptics, are used to treat schizophrenia and other acute psychotic states. they are often referred to as " major tranquilizers" .....390
mood stabilizer drugs
such as lithium, can help relieve manic episodes and depression for people suffering from bipolar disorder. 390
antidepressant drugs
 are used to treat people with depression. There are five types of antidepressant drugs: tricyclics, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake unhibitors.
electroconvulsive therapy(ECT)
biomedical therapy in which electrical current is passed through the brain.
operative procedures on the brain designed to relieve severe mental symptoms that have not responded to other forms of treatment.
originated in 1936, when Portuguese neurologist Egaz Moniz first treated uncontrollable psychoses by cutting the nerve fibers between the frontal lobes and the thalamus and hypothalamus.
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
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eclectic approach
discharging patients from mental hospitals as soon as possible and discouraging admissions. page 396