Art History Chapter 1-2

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Art History Chapter 1-2

Art History Flashcards For Ms. Barragan's Class, Tyler School Of Art @ Temple University

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second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC

Belonging to the period of human culture from about 15,000 years ago to about 7000 BCE characterized by complex stone tools and greater social organization - "middle stone age"

the New Stone Age between 8000 and 5000 B.C.E.; period in which adaptation of sedentary agriculture occurred; domestication of plants and animals accomplished.

Place where an artifact was found, or provenance.

A pointed tool used for engraving or incising.
Relief Sculpture

A sculpture that projects from a flat background.
Freestanding Sculpture

A sculpture that is self-supporting and is designed to be viewed from all sides.

An edge tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge.
Ground Line

the line where the picture plane and the ground meet

a large painting applied directly to a wall or ceiling surface
Composite View

A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally; also called twisted perspective.
Corbeled Vault

A vault formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses, cantilevered inward until the two walls meet in an arch.
Post-lintel system

a type of architectural construction in which two vertical members (posts) support horizontal members (lintels)

first civilization located between the Tigris & Eurphrates Rivers in present day Iraq; term means "land between the rivers;" Sumerian culture

a culture that flourished in southern Mesopotamia (contemporary south Iraq) from about 3200 BCE until about 1790 BCE and is credited with the development of significant early city states and the invention of cuneiform writing

2332BCE - when the loosely linked group of cities, known as Sumer, became dominated by the Sargon of Akkad

Around 2100 BCE - culture that arose after the Guti control, under King Urnammu of Ur

Conquered Akkads. Were first the Amorites, but when they took over, they named their capital Babylon, and were known as such. They were led by Hammurabi, who made the famous code of laws.

a new Babylonian empire who restored Babylon to its former greatness., An empire ruled by Nebuchadnezzar, that restored Babylon to it's former glory and reigned Mesopotamia from 627 B.C. to 539 B.C.

a tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a Sumerian temple

Different sections of land owned by the same country but ruled by different rulers

a system of writing with wedge-shaped symbols, invented by the Sumerians around 3000 B.C.
Cylinder Seals

Sumer's most famous works of art; they were stone cylinders engraved with designs that when rolled over clay, the designs would leave behind their imprint and each seal left its own distinct imprint showing a person's ownership; it was a way to "sign" documents or decorate other objects.

pictures that stand for words or ideas; picture writing
Bent Axis Plan

A plan that incorporates two or more angular changes of direction, characteristic of Sumerian architecture.

the chamber at the center of an ancient temple; in a classical temple, the room (greek, naos) in which the cult statue usually stood

an offering given to fulfill a vow
Hierarchy of Scale

a system of representation that expresses a person's importance by the size of his or her representation in a work of art

also known as bands, one of a series of super imposed bands/friezes in a pictorial narrative, or the particular levels on which motifs are placed

a monument, vertical in style, small or large, that contained writing or pictures to commemorate or record something
Venus of Willendorf

limestone, Paleolithic, Austria, ca. 28,000-25,000 BCE
Bisons in cave at Altamira

natural pigments, Paleolithic, Spain, ca. 12,000-11,000 BCE
Hall of the Bulls

natural pigments, Paleolithic, Lascaux, France, ca. 15,000-13,000 BCE

sarsen and bluestones, Neolithic, England, ca. 2550-1600 BCE
White Temple at Uruk

mud bricks, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 3200-3000 BCE
Statuettes of two worshippers

gypsum inlaid with shell and black limestone, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2700 BCE
Standard of Ur, from Royal Cemetery at Ur

wood inlaid with shell, lapis lazuli and red limestone, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE
Cylinder seal, from Royal Cemetery at Ur

lapis lazuli, Sumerian, Iraq, ca. 2600 BCE
Victory Stele of Naram-Sin

pink sandstone, Akkadian, Iraq, 2250-2218 BCE
Lamassu, from the citadel of Sargon II

limestone, Assyrian, Iraq, ca. 720-705 BCE
Assyrian archers pursuing enemies from the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II

ypsum, Assyrian, Iraq, ca. 875-860 BCE
Gates of Ishtar

glazed bricks, Neo-Babylonian, Iraq, 575 BCE