APUSH Flashcards

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APUSH Flashcards

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1 Mercantilism-
 Economic philosophy or practice in which England established the colonies to provide raw materials to the Mother country; the colonies receive manufactured goods in return.
2 Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First constitution in the colonies drafted that stated a government’s authority rests upon the consent of the governed and expressed the will of the majority.
3. Navigation Acts
 trade laws administered by GB in the 1600’s to enforce mercantilism on the Amer. Colonies
4. Virginia House of Burgesses
First of the many mini legislatures created by the Colonies that started the tradition of Salutary Neglect and home rule.
5. Calvinism
prevalent Puritan religious belief centered in the New England Colonies that believed only the “elect” were predestined for salvation
6. Anne Hutchinsen
Puritan dissenter that was banished by Governor Winthrop for teaching antinomianism
7. Halfway Covenant
Used by Puritan Churches to bolster attendance but also keep political leadership under the control respectable families. Conversion needed but not “regeneration” to be a member of the congregation.
8. Bacon’s Rebellion
 Disgruntled Virginia (Chesapeake) colonial farmers attempted to overthrow Gov. Berkeley in 1676 because of economic hardship and perceived failure with Indian raids and lack of women that could be married
9 Iroquois Confederation
The league of Indian tribes in the Northeast that fought with the English in the French-Indian War and supported the Loyalist in the American Revolution.
10 Deism
18th Century (1700’s) concept which held that God created the world according to rational laws and that he was like a clockmaker who would not interfere in the natural order of things.
11 John Locke
Enlightenment philosoph whose ideas influenced T. Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence and Madison’s work on the Bill of Rights; specifically his ideas on Life, Liberty and Property