APUSH 1763-1787 Ch 3

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APUSH 1763-1787 Ch 3

APUSH 1763-1787 CH 3
American Revolution

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Writs of Assistance
general search warrants issued to help royal officials stop evasion of Britian's mentalist trade restrictions
George Grenville
prime minister
wanted to rid large national debt from war
*Proclamation of 1763
*Sugar Act 1764
*Quartering Act
*Currency Act of 1764
*Stamp Act
Proclamation of 1763
forbid white settlement west of Appalachians
wanted to keep indians happy and settlers closer to coast
Sugar Act 1764 (revenue act)
aimed at raising revenue by taxes on goods imported by Americans
stringently enforced
accused faced trial without benefit of jury or normal protections
Quartering Act
requiring colonies to pay for British troop maintenance
Currency Act of 1764
forbade colonial attempts to issue currency not redeemable in gold or silver
Stamp Act
imposing direct tax on Americans for 1st time
required Americans to purchase revenue stamps for newspapers/legal documents
Patrick Henry - 7 resolutions denouncing stamps act
Stamp Act COngress - passed moderate resolutions against the act. Americans could not be taxed without their consent. showed that leaders from diff colonies could work together.
Declaratory Act 1766
parliament repealed stamp act but passed D Act
power to tax or make laws for Americans
Townshend Acts
*Townshed Duties
*admiralty Courts
*writs of assistance
*paying of customs officials out of the fines they levied
*suspended NY legislature for noncompliance of Quartering Act
Letters from a Farmer In Pennsylvania - John Dickinson

Massachusetts Circular Letter 1768
*pointed out that Townshend Acts violated principle of no taxation without representation. If Parliament could suspend NY legislature, could suspend others too

*urged other colonial legislatures to pass petitions calling on parliament to repeal acts.
Tea Act 1773
British East India Company sought and obtained from Parliament concessions allowing it to ship directly to colonies rather by way of Britian. cheaper than smuggled Dutch tea
*company would be saved, americans would also have right to tax

led to Boston Tea Party
Intolerable Acts  (Coercive Acts)
1. Boston Port Act - closed port of Boston to all trade until citizens would pay for lost tea
2. increased power of mass royal gov at expense of legislature
3. Administration of Justice Act - royal officials in mass accused of crimes could be tried elsewhere
4. Quartering Act - could quarter anywhere. including private homes

5. quebec act - extended province of quebec to ohio river, catholicism as religion, gov without rep assembly
First Continental Congress 1774
petitioned Parliament for relief
Suffolk Resolves - denounced intolerable acts. called for strict nonimportation and rigorous preparation of local militia
2nd congress if grivances not be righted by the next year
Battles of American Revolution
Lexington - first battle Thomas Gage sent force to seize colonial military supplies
Concord - Brits destroyed military supplies. attacked by militiamen. humiliated by being mauled by amateur fighters
Bunker Hill
Saratoga - victory of Americans got french attention
Yorktown - Washington tapped Cornwallis, he surrendered. victory
Second Continental Congress 1775
Created army and asked other colonies to send troops - led by G Washington
Olive Branch Petition - pleading King George to restore peace
Common Sense - immediate independence written by Thomas Paine
Declaration of Independence - Jefferson. restatement of political ideas
Treaty of Paris 1783
1. US as independant nation
2. west boundary @ MI river
3. South boundary @ nothern boundary of florda
4. Brits retained Canada but had to give Florida to Spain
5. Brit creditors can collect debts owed by US citizens/state restore confiscated loyalist property
Articles of Confederation
*unicameral gov
*each state 1 vote
*ammendment required unanimous consent of all states
*gov could make treaties, determine amount of troops and money states should contribute, settle disputes, admit new states, borrow money

*Maryland withheld ratification unless virginia agreed to surrender western claims to national gov
Land Ordinance of 1784

NW Ordinance of 1787
system by which each territory could progress to full statehood.

1785 - orderly surveying and distribution of land in townships

bill of rights for settlers. forbade slavery north of ohio river
Shay's Rebellion 1786
high taxes, economic hardtimes for mass
shays shut down courts to prevent judges for faling to pay taxes
Stronger gov was needed to control violent public outbursts.