AP Government ChAPter 13 Terms

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AP Government ChAPter 13 Terms

Terms For Chapter 13: The Bureaucracy

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A freely competitive economy.
Appointment of officials not based on the criteria specified by OPM.
Excepted Service
A requirement that an executive decision lie before Congress for a specified period before it takes again.
Legislative Veto
A 1993 effort, led by Vice President Al Gore, to make the bureaucracy work better and cost less.
National Performance Review
Top-ranking civil servants who can be hired, fired, and rewarded in a more flexible manner than can ordinary bureaucrats.
Senior Executive Service
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials.
Appointment of officials based on selection criteria devised by the employing agency and OPM.
Competitive Service
Refers to the tendency of agencies to grow without regard to the benefits their programs confer or the costs they entail.
Bureaucratic Imperialism
Legislation that began the federal merit system.
Pendleton Act
Governmental appointments made on the basis of political considerations.
The right of committees to disapprove of certain agency actions.
Committee Clearance
The ability of officials to make policies that are not spelled out in advance by laws.
Discretionary Authority
Groups that regularly debate governmental policy on subjects such as health care or auto safety.
Issue Networks
Government jobs having a confidential or policy-making character.
Schedule C
Funds such as that of Social Security that operate outside the government budget.
Trust Funds
A proposal by President Bush in 2002 which would consolidate 22 federal agencies and nearly 170,000 federal employees.
Department of Homeland Security
The mutually advantageous relationship among an agency, a committee, and an interest group.
Iron Triangle
Monies that are budgeted on a yearly basis; for example Congress may set yearly limits on what agencies can spend.
Annual Authorizations
A legislative grant of money to finance a government program.
Legislative permission to begin or continue a government program or agency.
Authorization Legislation
A job to be filled by a person whom a government agency has identified by name.
Name-Request Job
Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.
Red Tape
The practice of giving the fruits of a party's victory, such as jobs and contracts, to the loyal members of the party.
Senior Executive Service