Psychology Chapter 7

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congnition is a synonym for thinking
When you took your college entrance exam, students across the country took the same test at the same time with the same insturctions. Whar characteristic of a good psychological test do these similarites reflect? standardization
What number reflects the amount of differences in a population attribtable to genetic influences? heritability
The individual test most often given to adults is the the WAIS-III
What is one criticism of the conslusions offered by Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray in the Bell Curve? They failed to distinguish between correlation and causation
According to the Atkinson and Shiffrin model of memory, what happens when we actively think about something that we have previously learned? The memory is recalled from LTM and is placed in STM
What are the metal categories representing activites, objects, qualities or situations that share some common charactieristics? Concepts
Psychological tests that yeild relativily consisten results are said to be reliable
Ted and Jessica's son was recently diagnosed as mentally retarded. What is his likely deree of retardation? Mild
Which of the following questions would be more likely to produce divergent thinking? "How many uses can you think of for a stapler?"
A form of intelligence that refers to how effectibely people perceive and understand their own feelings and the feelings of otthers, is ______ intelligence. emotional
On MOnday, Sal took a test developed to measre levels of sensation seeking and obtained a score of 13; he took the same test one week later and obtained the same score. Based on this information, you can most accurately conclude that the testis likely to be reliable
The Biney and Simon intelligence test measured children on what new concept? mental age
What problem-solving stratefies dont guarantee solutions but make efficien use of time? heuristics
Which of these might be an examle of a performace item on the Wechsler tests of intelligence? using blocks to make a design like the one shown in a picture
Sally is enrolled in a high school geomety course, which she describes as "drawing figures and figuring drawins." In a typical class, students draw geometric figures and use a formula to calculate an aspect of the figure such as its area. Each time Sally uses a formula she is making use of what psychologists. call_____ algorithms
What was the original purpose of the first wel established test of intelligence? to select those children who could benefit from classes for slow learners
Geoffrey has a Stanford-Binet IQ score of 60 and deficits in adaptive behaior. He is likely to be considered _____. mildly retarded
The theory of multiple intelligences was proposed by ____. Gardner
Charles Spearman believed that intelligence is comosed of general intelligence and specific abilites
Laboratory experiments suggest that animals have____ some cognitive capacites
Which of these is one of Howard Gardners's multiple intelligences? naturalistic
Which of these is one of Howard Gardners multiple Intelligences naturalistic
Creativity is the ablitiy to ____ produce novel or unique ideas or objects
A valid test is one that ---- actually measures what it sets out to measure
___ percent of the population has IQ scores btw 70-130 95
Profixes, suffixes and words are examples or morephemes
a pscholigical test that measures what we intend it to measure is said to be valid
A committe has been set up to identify young ppl who are likely to become great Olympics skaters, In addition to physical skills, the committee believes that an understanding of one;s emotions is a plus because it will help the skaters through training and competitions. Using Howard Gardner's types of intelligences, whcih two should be the focus of their search. bodily kinesthetic and intrapersonal
The basic sound units of any languages are called phonemes
Which of these might be an example of a performace item on the Wechsler tests of intelligence? using blocks to make shaps that one is shown
A seemingly arbitrary flash out of the blue, through which the solution to a problem suddently becomes aarent to you but you do not consiously know how you firgured it our is called insights
What number reflects the amount of differences in a population attributable to getetic influences? heritablity
What is one criticism of the conclusion offerend by Richard Hernstein and Charles Murray in the Bell Curve" they failed to distinguish between correlation and causation
the system of rules that governs how we assign meaning to the morphemes we use is called semantics
The concept of generalized intelligence is largely based on the theories of Spearman
The Binet-Simon scale was originally developed to identify children who might have difficulty in school
The ability to produce work that is both novel and appropriate is called creativity
What term do psychologists use to describe our tendenct to search for evidence that supports our belief and to ignore evidence that might disprove it? confirmation bias
the sounds of t th and sh are phonemes