Music Lit Final Part 1

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the term "dark ages" refers to the time: between 500& 1000 c.e.
in sonata-allegro form, the contrasting key is established by the statement of: the second theme.
in the 19th century saw the rise of a new social order shaped by: the technological advances of the industrial revolution
the post-romantic era lasted from approx: 1890-1910
the frankish emperor who encouraged education & the concept of a centralized government was: Charlemagne
mozart is remembered today as : the most gifted child prodigy in the history of music
in the romantic era skilled musicians were trained at: conservatories
in the movement that, along with post-romanticism, ushered in the 20th century was known as: impressionism
the most important patron of music in the middle ages was: the roman catholic church
of the following which characterizes Maria Theresa Paradis? -a. women virtuoso piano -b. friend of Mozart -c. blind since birth, -d. all of the above All of the above
during the 19th century, concert life began to center in the public concert hall
_____ was a post-romantic composer known for his symphonic poems & operas such as RIchard Strauss
the high middle ages witnessed: building of great cathedrals, founding universities, & the rise of the bourgeoisie
using material from an earlier movement in each subsequent movement of a symphony is called : cyclical form
what trend inspired composers to write music evoking scenes or sounds of far off lands exoticism
in which of the following movements if gustav mahler most closely associated? post-romantic
early notation suggested melodic contours using small ascending & descending signs called: Neumes
which composer established the scherzo was a regular alternative to the minuet movement? Beethoven
of the following, which does NOT describe romantic orchestral music? -works were linked to nationalism, - music established connections to paintings and drama - new genres emerged some of which incorporated voices - composers produced more symphonies than their classical-era counterpoints. Composers produced more symphonies than their classical counterpoints.
impressionism is music is best exemplified by the works of : Claude Debussy
the portion of the mass that changes from day to day, dependent on the feast celebrated is called the Proper
haydn enjoyed phenomenal musical success with two trips to which country: England
the leipzig conservatory was founded by: Felix Mendelssohn
which of the following was NOT characteristic of Impressionist music? -whole-tone scales, -parallel chords, - ninth chords, - accents on the first beat of each measure Accents on the first beat of each measure
which of the following women was not only a religious leader but also a prominent figure in literature & music Hildegard of Bingen
mozart's compositions were often listed by their K numbers which refer to: the man who first catalogued his works.
of the following who is a noted woman composer of the romantic era: Amy Cheney Beach
what is unusual about the opening of debussy's Prelude to the afternoon of a faun? it opens w/a flute solo in the velvety lower register.
in what part of the liturgy does the Alleluia occur? Mass Proper
in the classical orchestra, which group of instruments served as the ensemble's nucleus? strings
a german texted song with piano accompaniment that sets a short lyric poem is called: A lied
debussy was highly influenced by the sounds of the gamelan from: Java
the musical texture that arose around 1000 c.e. towards the end of the Romanesque period was polyphony
which of the following is common characteristic of the second movement of a multi-movement cycle? -new key, - theme & variations form, - a slow tempo - all of the above all of the above
___ was NOT an important composer of the 19th century lieder? -heine - schumann -brahmns -schubert Heine
in which early 20th century style dealt with the realm of the unconscious, distorted images, and the innner self. expressionism
which was NOT a function of secular music in medieval court life? -accompaniment for dancing & banquets -ceremonial occasions & tournaments -devotional services -military music Devotional services
a typical feature of a concerto is a free solo passage without orchestral accompaniment is called? Cadenza
which was NOT a typical theme of the Romantic Lied?-beauty of nature -love & longing -praise of the Virgin Mary -fleeting nature of human happiness praise of the Virgin Mary
the early 20th century style that sought to revive certain principles & forms of earlier music neoclassicism
according to your test, which of the following would NOT be a common subject of troubadour & trouvere songs? -love -work -war -laments Work
Name the masters of the first Viennese School. Haydn, Mozart, Schubert, Beethoven. (HEY MARISSA STUPID BITCH)
the favorite romantic poets for the composers of lieder were Goethe & heine
which of the following composers would NOT have been emulated during the neoclassical era?-vivialdi -bach -wagner -handel Wagner
the outstanding composer-poet of the french Ars Nova was Machaut
beethoven's own instrument for which he wrote numerous concertos & sonatas was the piano
schubert lived a tradigical short life but was a remarkable prolific composer of: -lieder -chamber music -piano music -all of the above All of the above
which of the following genres was NOT favored by the neoclassicists of the early 20th century symphonic poem
the french courtly love song of the middle ages was called the chanson
mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of a serenade
which is true of schubert's erlking? -masterpiece of his youth -based on the legend that whoever is touched by the king of elves must die -it presents 4 characters who are differentiated in the music -all of the above all of the above
composers introduced new harmonic styles in the 20th century including -atonality, -polytonality -12-tone music -all of the above all of the above
italian explorer who traveld to china in the 13th century was marco polo
which western orchestral instrument or instruments derive from turkish military bands triangle, cymbals, bass drum
the composer who founded the new journal for music was schumann
the melody in 12 tone music is called a tone row
medieval instruments can be divided in bas & haut meaning soft & loud
the most important instrumental genre of the classical period was the symphony
schumann's in the lovely month of may is from which song cycle A poet's love
what was the name of the paris-based russian ballet impresario who commissioned stravinksy to write ballets Diaghilev
which historical event did NOT take place in the renaissance -discovery of the new world -introduction of printing in the west -writing of the magna carta -protestant reformation writing of the magna carta
the dreamy first movement of the moonlight sonata features -singing melody -accompaniment with arpeggios -strophic-like form -all of the above all of the above
which of the following was NOT a technical improvement in the 19th century piano? -it was made louder -range was expanded -second keyboard was added -was given an improved mechanical action second keyboard was added
which of the following is NOT ballet by stravinksy -daphnis et chloe -the firebird -petrushka -rite of spring Daphnis et Chloe
renaissance musicians could make their living in all of the following ways EXCEPT: -as choirmasters, singers, & organists -instrument builders or players -music printers & publishers -professional orchestral conductors as professional orchestral conductors
how did comic opera differ from opera seria? -it presented down-to-earth- plots -it featured ensemble as well as solo singing -it was sung in the vernacular -all of the above all of the above
a short lyric piece was the instrumental equivalent of the song
the rite of spring is characterized by -percussive use of dissonance -polyrhythms -polytonality -all of the above all of the above
the fixed melody used as a basis for elaborate polyphonic writing in the renaissance was called a cantus firmus
who was haydn's principal patron? prince esterhazy
19th century composers of the short lyric piano piece included -brahms -r. schumann -chopin -all of the above all of the above. think acronym silly clara lee makes big farts really colorful -schubert chopin liszt mendensohn brahms fanny robert clara schumann
alban berg & anton webern were disciples of : arnold schoenberg
movements of the ordinary mass?? Kyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnus Dei - acronym Kyle gave carlie some apple dumplings
the system in which the aristocracy sponsored musicians is called patronage
chopin is considered to be the national composer of poland
the 12 tone method revolutionized composition in the 20th century
what is a cantus firmus fragment of georgian chant used as the foundation of a polyphonic mass
in the classical multi-movement cycle, which movement was most commonlu in a contrasting key from the other three? second
which was NOT a genre of music by Chopin? -nocturnes -polonaises -ballades -symphonies Symphonies
schoenberg created a newt style in which vocal melodies were spoken rather than sung with exact pitches & rhythms. this was known as sprechstimme
josquin's ave maria...virgo serena is an example of a motet
the typical first movement of a classical concerto begins with the orchestra
which of the following does NOT characterize the music of Chopin? -rubato -virtuosity -reserved emotions -lyricism Reserved emotions
what accompanies the voice in pierrot lunaire chamber group
which composer responded to the reforms of the council of trent in exemplary fashion? palestrina
the early classical symphony was characterized by quickly ascending themes with a strong rhythmic drive. these were known as rocket themes
the term temp rubato associated with chopin's music means that the performer should take liberties with the tempo
schoenberg experimented with the idea of tone-color melody, or shifting each note of a melody to a different instrument. he called this klangfarbenmelodie
the structure known as binary form is A-A-B-B
how many symphonies did Beethoven write 9
clara schumann's later creative activities were supported by the devoution of which composer brahms
which of the following was NOT a member of the 20th century russian school? -rachmaninoff -delius -prokofiev -shostakovich Delius remember acronym really sh sh darla -russian sergei rachmaninoff sergei prokofiev dmitri shostakovich
which of the following was the chief form of intalisn secular music in the renaissance? madrigal
a string quartet consists of 2 violins, viola & cello
clara schumann's compositional output was predominantly songs, & solo piano works
the cantata carmina burana was written by carl orff
the late renaissance madrigal came to full flower in the music of claudio monteverdi
the dies irae text from the requiem describes the day of judgement
who was the first internationally acclaimed american composer of classical music gottschalk
the hungarian composer who combined native folk music characteristics with main currents of european music was bartok
during the late 16th century, the principal center for polychoral singing was st mark's of venice
in sonata allegro form a modulatory section that leads from one theme to the next is called a bridge
gottschalk based many of his works off of native american & caribbean songs
what characterizes the published devotional music in america during the 19th century ? -simpler notation for people lacking music literacy -monophonic textures -notation intended for performances by trained choirs only -all of the above simpler notation for people lacking music literacy
the first composer to indicate dynamics & specific instruments in music was Gabrieli
what is the form of the second movement of haydn's surprise symphony themes & variations
instrumental music is endowed with literary, philosophicl or pictorial associations called program music
which 19th century american composer is best remembered for his popular ballads & minstrel show tunes Stephen foster
the term baroque probably derives from a portuguese word meaning irregular in shape
the classical period in music is ranged from approx: 1750-1825
in absolute music, the lack of a prescribed story or text to hold the music together makes the element of ___ especially important melody
the 3 main sections of sonata form are the expositions, development & recapitulation
music written for players, generally of consisting of an overture & a series of pieces to be performed between acts is called incidental music
Middle ages- 476-1450 FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
Dark Ages 500-1000
Late Middle ages 1000-1450
the renaissance 1450-1600
baroque era 1600-1750
romantic era 1825-1890
2 movements styles follow the romantic era in 1890ish post romanticism & impressionism
around 1915 appears expressionism, neoclassicism, serialism, nationalism, world music, aleatoric music
centers of power are & development of? church & state; libraries, cities, cathedrals, universities & monasteries
georgian chant was named for pope georgory the great
georgian chant is monophony with conjunct melodies
syllabic one note sung with each syllable of text
neumatic small groups of up to 5 or 6 notes sung to a syllable
meslimatic long groups of notes set to a single syllable of text
susato three dances
polyphony appears in 1150 organum
bach's 3 periods weimar, cothen, leipzig
cyclical form using material from an earlier movement in a symphony
mult-movement cycle 1st movement- in sonata allegro form, 2nd movement slow in different key theme & variations or ternary form 3rd movement minuet and trio or scherzo fourth movement very fast rondo or sonata allegro form
sonata allegro form exposition, development, & recapitulation ELEPHANTS DREAD RATS
concertos have: 3 movements
Program music examples Concert Overtures, Incidental Music, Program Symphony, Symphonic Poem. CUNT IS PUSSY STANK
what is program music instrumental music that is endoed with literary, philosophical or pictorial associatsions
what is absolute music instrumental music that is not based on a text or picture
part songs- 3 or 4 voice parts with no accompaniment
the composer of bel canto style singing is verdi
the opera house in Milan is La Scala
Wagner ; Gesamtkunstwerk all the arts are fused together
leitmotif basic themes that reoccur.
the opera house specifically designed for Wagner Bayreuth
who composed the first symphony by an african american to be performed by a major american orchestra? William Grant Still
the second Viennese school Schoenburg, Alban & Webern SANTA ATE WORMS
what did the 1950s & 60s saw? the rise of electronic music & MIDI-musical instrument digital interface)
who was the first american born musician to be appointed conductor of the New York Philharmonic Leonard Bernstein